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Protestant Reformation J. Newman World History 9.

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Presentation on theme: "Protestant Reformation J. Newman World History 9."— Presentation transcript:

1 Protestant Reformation J. Newman World History 9

2 Erasmus laid the egg that Luther hatched.

3 Desiderius ERASMUS Christianity should show people how to live good lives on a daily basis rather than provide a system of beliefs that people have to practice to be saved. Christianity should show people how to live good lives on a daily basis rather than provide a system of beliefs that people have to practice to be saved.

4 Religion on the Eve of the Reformation Church officials concerned with money Church officials concerned with money Used their church offices to advance their careers & their wealth Detail of a fresco (1481–82) by Perugino in the Sistine chapel shows Jesus giving the keys of heaven to Saint Peter.

5 Martin Luther *not MLK Jr. from the 1950s-1960s Monk & professor at the Univ. of Wittenberg (Germany) Monk & professor at the Univ. of Wittenberg (Germany) Studied the Bible; came to believe that humans are not saved through their good works, but through their faith in God-- justification by faith alone Studied the Bible; came to believe that humans are not saved through their good works, but through their faith in God-- justification by faith alone Hans and Margarethe Luther Luther as an Augustinian Monk

6 Selling of Indulgences Luther offended by Johann Tetzel selling indulgences Luther offended by Johann Tetzel selling indulgences Indulgences- tickets to heaven- a piece of paper bought for living & dead relatives & pardoned your sins (not required to repent). Indulgences- tickets to heaven- a piece of paper bought for living & dead relatives & pardoned your sins (not required to repent). As soon as money in the coffer rings, the soul from purgatory's fire springs." --Tetzel

7 Ninety-Five Theses Oct. 31, 1517 Luther nailed a list of 95 points on the Castle Church doors at Wittenberg Oct. 31, 1517 Luther nailed a list of 95 points on the Castle Church doors at Wittenberg 95 things he considered the Church & Pope were doing wrong 95 things he considered the Church & Pope were doing wrong The printing press helped to spread his writings like wildfire! The printing press helped to spread his writings like wildfire!

8 Break with the Church Jan. 1521, the pope excommunicated Luther Jan. 1521, the pope excommunicated Luther papal bull excommunicating Luther

9 Diet of Worms Luther appeared before many religious leaders and rulers Luther appeared before many religious leaders and rulers Luther ordered to recant, he refused! Luther ordered to recant, he refused! Luther declared an outlaw Luther declared an outlaw No one was to give him food or shelterNo one was to give him food or shelter Luthers works were to be burned Luthers works were to be burned Do not write quote: I am bound by the Scriptures I have quoted and my conscience is captive to the Word of God. I cannot and will not recant anything, since it is neither safe nor right to go against conscience. May God help me. Amen.- Luther

10 The End Frederick of Saxony hid Luther & allowed him to continue to write in secrecy Luther translated the New Testament into German Luther died 1546 Lutheranism was the first Protestant faith Wartburg Castle The room in Wartburg where Luther translated the New Testament into German. Luther's tombstone in the Castle Church in Wittenberg.

11 Marriage & Family Katharina von Bora Katharina von Bora One of 12 nuns Luther helped escape from a convent One of 12 nuns Luther helped escape from a convent She was 26, he was 41 years old She was 26, he was 41 years old They had 6 children They had 6 children

12 Politics & Religion in the German Reformation Peace of Augsburg- The German states were now free to choose between Catholicism and Lutheranism Peace of Augsburg- The German states were now free to choose between Catholicism and Lutheranism

13 Reformation in England King Henry VIII King Henry VIII Catholic Catholic King of England King of England Married his brothers wife after his brother died Married his brothers wife after his brother died Strongest desire was to have a son, an heir Strongest desire was to have a son, an heir

14 Wife #1- Catherine of Aragon (m ) Unable to give Henry a son Unable to give Henry a son Had a daughter- Mary Had a daughter- Mary Henry wanted to annul the marriage Henry wanted to annul the marriage Henry establishes the Church of England to get the annulment Henry establishes the Church of England to get the annulment- 1534

15 Mary Catherine of Aragons daughter Catherine of Aragons daughter Devout Catholic Devout Catholic Later, as Queen, she will persecute the Protestants Later, as Queen, she will persecute the Protestants Nickname- Bloody Mary

16 Wife #2- Anne Boleyn (m ) Mistress of Henry VIII while married to Catherine Mistress of Henry VIII while married to Catherine Supposedly pregnant when she marries Henry Supposedly pregnant when she marries Henry Has a daughter- Elizabeth Has a daughter- Elizabeth Accused of treason & adultery Accused of treason & adultery Beheaded Beheaded

17 Elizabeth Anne Boleyns daughter Anne Boleyns daughter Protestant Protestant Half-sister of Mary Half-sister of Mary Never marries or Never marries or has children The Virgin Queen The Virgin Queen Tolerant of other Tolerant of otherreligions

18 Wife #3- Jane Seymour (m ) Able to give Henry a son Edward VI Dies shortly after giving birth Dies shortly after giving birth

19 Edward VI Only surviving son of Henry and Jane Only surviving son of Henry and Jane Protestant Protestant Died at the age of 15 due to tuberculosis Died at the age of 15 due to tuberculosis

20 Wife #4- Anne of Cleves (m.1540 Jan.-July) Married less than a year Married less than a year Henry compared her looks to a Flanders Mare Like being married to your sister. No true love between them. No children No children Henry divorces her Henry divorces her

21 Wife #5- Katherine Howard (m ) 30 yrs. younger than Henry when married 30 yrs. younger than Henry when married No children No children Accused of infidelity & then beheaded Accused of infidelity & then beheaded

22 Wife #6- Katherine Parr (m ) No children No children Became Henrys companion & nurse in his last years Became Henrys companion & nurse in his last years Survives Henry Survives Henry Marries an old love after Henry dies Marries an old love after Henry dies

23 Rhyme to Remember the Wives & their Fate Divorced Divorced Beheaded Beheaded Died Died Divorced Divorced Beheaded Beheaded Survived Survived Catherine Catherine Anne Anne Jane Jane Anne Anne Katherine Katherine

24 enry-viii#henry-viii enry-viii#henry-viii

25 The Catholic Reformation NOT a movement to reform the Catholic Church, but a movement to WIN Protestants back to the Catholic Church or destroy them NOT a movement to reform the Catholic Church, but a movement to WIN Protestants back to the Catholic Church or destroy them Ignatius of Loyola & the Jesuits- spread the message of the Catholic Church Ignatius of Loyola & the Jesuits- spread the message of the Catholic Church

26 The Council of Trent Both faith and good works were necessary for salvation Both faith and good works were necessary for salvation The Seven Sacraments are upheld The Seven Sacraments are upheld Belief in purgatory and in the use of indulgences were strengthened, although the abuse/selling of indulgences were forbidden Belief in purgatory and in the use of indulgences were strengthened, although the abuse/selling of indulgences were forbidden

27 Study GuideRenaissance and Reformation Fill in the blank, Short Answer/Response (paragraph), Extended Response (page) Renaissance Difference b/w High Renaissance and Northern Renaissance Art Difference b/w High Renaissance and Northern Renaissance Art Vocab. Terms- Renaissance, Renaissance man, vernacular Vocab. Terms- Renaissance, Renaissance man, vernacular Who wrote The Prince and what was it about Who wrote The Prince and what was it about Humanism- what was it, who were the humanists, inspired by?, father of…, Humanism- what was it, who were the humanists, inspired by?, father of…, Liberal arts studies Liberal arts studies Printing press- inventor & impact Printing press- inventor & impact Who wrote The Book of the Courtier and what was it about Who wrote The Book of the Courtier and what was it about Medici Family- their importance Medici Family- their importance

28 Reformation Quote- explain it- Erasmus laid the egg that Luther hatched. Quote- explain it- Erasmus laid the egg that Luther hatched. Name 2 abuses that The Church participated in Name 2 abuses that The Church participated in Martin Luther- how he became a monk, what he believed, issue of indulgences & 95 Theses (Tetzel), Popes response, Diet of Worms- results, impact on/of Luther Martin Luther- how he became a monk, what he believed, issue of indulgences & 95 Theses (Tetzel), Popes response, Diet of Worms- results, impact on/of Luther Peace of Augsburg Peace of Augsburg Henry VIII- motivation for annulment Henry VIII- motivation for annulment 6 wives- briefly describe each and what happened to them (remember the rhyme) 6 wives- briefly describe each and what happened to them (remember the rhyme) Order Henrys children rules and their faith (protestant or catholic?) Order Henrys children rules and their faith (protestant or catholic?) The Catholic Reformation (what was it), Ignatius of Loyola, Council of Trent (3 statements made) The Catholic Reformation (what was it), Ignatius of Loyola, Council of Trent (3 statements made)


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