Mercury is the planet nearest to the sun. Mercury is a little bit larger than the Earth’s moon. It has no atmosphere (means almost no air) The surface of Mercury that faces the sun can reach 800 degrees Fahrenheit. At night it can plummet to -300 degrees Fahrenheit. The surface is covered with craters. Mercury has NO moons
Venus is 2 nd from the sun. Venus is in many ways Earth's sister planet. Venus is made up of almost the exact same types of materials as the Earth and in about the same amounts. Venus has volcanoes, mountains and sand, just like Earth. Venus is very dry and has very little water left on. The temperatures on Venus can reach almost 900 degrees Fahrenheit
Earth is the 3 rd planet from the sun. It has one moon It is the 5 th largest planet in our Solar System. The Earth’s atmosphere is composed of 78% nitrogen, 21% oxygen,0.03 carbon dioxide and traces of other gases. About30% of Earth’s surface is covered with land, while 70% is covered by oceans. The Earth’s temperature, weather and atmosphere are just right to keep us alive.
Mars is the 4 th planet from the sun. Mars is called the red planet. Mars is half the size of Earth It has a dry rocky surface and a very thin atmosphere. The north and south poles are covered by ice caps, which are composed of frozen water and carbon dioxide. Olympus Mons is the largest volcano in our Solar System. Mars has two tiny moon.
Jupiter is the 5 th planet from the sun. Is a gas giant and the biggest planet in our Solar System. Jupiter is so big that all the other planets could fit inside Jupiter. Jupiter has a thick atmosphere. It has dozens of moons and a dark, barely visible ring. The huge red spot is a long-lasting storm.
Saturn is the 6 th planet from the sun. It is a gas giant and the second biggest planet in our Solar System. Saturn is made mostly of hydrogen and helium gas. It has beautiful rings that are made mostly of ice chunks and some rock. Saturn has dozens of moons. Saturn is visible without a telescope.
Uranus is the 7 th planet from the sun. The huge icy planet is covered with clouds. It has a belt of 11 rings and has 22 moons. Uranus’ blue color is caused by methane in its atmosphere. Uranus’ rotational axis is strongly tilted on its side. Uranus rotates on its side, this gives causes extreme seasons.
Neptune is the 8 th planet from the sun. This giant gas planet is orbited by eight moons. Neptune’s blue color is caused by methane in its atmosphere. Neptune has long lasting seasons due to its rotational axis, which is tilted. Neptune’s poles are in constant darkness or it has sunlight for 40 years at a time.