7Democracy and Progressivism MORE POWER TO VOTERS!!!!Help end corruption in gov’tThe only way to make change is through the Vote!
8More Voting Rights!!! Direct Primaries 17th Amendment Initiative Election to narrow choices17th AmendmentVoters choose SenatorsInitiativeCitizens propose lawsReferendumVoters have final say in lawsRecallRemoving officials from office
93. Suffrage Movement Campaign for women to get the right to vote Suffrage: Right to vote
10Suffragists strategies (How to get the vote) Constitutional AmendmentIndividual States granting the right to vote
11The Beginning of Women’s Suffrage Seneca Falls Convention 1848 Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia MottWorked to end slavey and gain suffrageWere labeled as unfeminine and immoralFelt left out when the 15th Amendment was passed
12NAWSA (1880) National American Woman Suffrage Association Worked to promote social reformsPass protective labor lawsTHE VOTE!!!!
17Carrie Chapman Catt 1915: Became NAWSA’s leader Worked with Wilson to get the vote
18Those who opposed the vote said: Women had enough power without the voteWould make them too masculine
19Early 19th Century Women Unable to vote. Legal status of a minor. Single could own her own property; male relatives had final sayMarried no control over her property or her children.Could not initiate divorce.Couldn’t make wills, sign a contract, or bring suit in court without her husband’s permission7. Marriage to a non citizen=loss of citizenship
20June 1919: Senate finally passed 19th Amendment August 26, 1920: ¾ states needed ratified the amendmentWent into effect as the 19th Amendment
21Bellringer #8 8/30/10Who was Alice Paul? What tactics did the NWP use to bring sympathy to the suffrage cause? Describe. What amendment was passed that gave women the right to vote?
224. Social Welfare Progressivism Focus on social problems, crime, illiteracy, alcohol abuse, child labor and health and safety of Americans
23Campaign against Child Labor In 1900, 1.7 million children under the age of 16 worked outside the homeThe Bitter Cry of the Children-1906 book, John Spargo, discussed coal mines
24Progressives worked to set: Minimum age for employment and maximum hours a child could workEducation laws-requiring children to be in school
255. Health and Safety Codes Factories, coal mines, and railroads very dangerous
261911: Triangle Shirtwaist Company-NYC, 150 women workers died in a fire b/c only one open exit-other doors locked from the outside
27RESULTS: building codes dealing with fire hazards, unsafe machinery, and working conditions
286. Prohibition MovementMany progressives believed alcohol was the cause of most of America’s problemsWCTUAnti-Saloon League
297. Progressives vs. Big Business Too much wealth in the hands of too fewWanted to break up trusts and monopoliesSocialism: redistribute the wealth
33Roosevelt Foreign Affairs: Social Darwinist Domestic Affairs: Progressive
34Square DealTR’s promise of fair and equal treatment for all.
351902 Coal Strike 150,000 workers TR steps in Owners agree to arbitrationSIGNIFICANCE1st step in gov’t acting as 3rd party arbiterRole of Gov’t in Business Grows
36Role of Gov’t in Business continues to grow Bureau of CorporationsEstablished in1903to investigate corporations and issue reports on their activitiesUS Steel investigated in1904“gentleman’s agreement”Open books to gov’t, agree to fix problems before court actions.Allowed gov’t to regulate big business w/o having to sacrifice economic efficiency
41Newlands Reclamation Act: 1902 Paid for irrigation and land development projects to increase Western States Development
42Gifford Pinchot and US Forrest Service Nature Must be preservedAdded over 100 million acres to the protected national forests, established 5 new national parks and 51 federal wildlife preserves
43Bellringer # 9 8/31/10What was The Jungle? Who wrote it? What was the significance? List and describe the two acts that it led to.
44Taft: Elected in 1908 TR wanted him to continue progressive programs Taft did not like confrontationBack to more Laissez Faire Style GovtMore traditional Republican
45Tariff Issues: Wanted to lower tariffs Compromised with Traditional Republicans and backed off on Progressive reformsResult: Payne-Aldrich Tariff- barely cut tariffs and actually raised them on some goodsProgressives felt betrayed
46Ballinger-Pinchot Affair: Corruption and Anti-Progressive?? Richard Ballinger: Secretary of the Interior-Accused of giving public land to private companiesBribes?Taft felt the charges were groundless, did nothing.Most Progressives felt Taft had lost TR’s vision
47Taft’s Successes:Children’s Bureau: investigated and publicized problems in child laborBureau of Mines: monitor activities of mining companies and expanded national forests
48Taft: A failure as a Progressive? TR thought soReturns from AfricaAnnounces he will run for president in 19123 term President?????Taft is RepublicanTR is RepublicanHow can they both run???
50Election of 1912: Republican Party Splits: Conservatives supported TaftProgressives supported Roosevelt (not enough Republican support, so TR left the Party and joined the new Progressive Party)Wilson: Democratic nomineeTaft: Republican nomineeRoosevelt: Progressive nominee (Bull Moose Party)
57Tariffs:Personally appeared before Congress to present his ideas. Wanted lower tariffs to force American businesses to be under the “constant necessity to be efficient, economical, and enterprising”1913: Underwood Tariff- reduced tariffs
58Federal Reserve System: Banks would keep a portion of deposits in regional reserve banks (12)- for emergenciesBoard of Governors: appointed by pres to control interest rates reserve banks charged other banksIndirectly controlled rates across nationIndirectly controlled money supply
59Federal Trade Commission: set up to investigate and monitor American businesscould enforce anti-trust laws (not to break up big business, but work with them to limit unfair limits on competition)
60Clayton Antitrust Act- Prevented price discriminationBusinesses could not charge diff prices to diff customersGave unions more powerWere not unlawful, did not restrain tradeGave unions the right to exist
61Keating-Owen Child Labor Act Prohibited children under 14 from working in factories producing goods for interstate commerce(was shot down by supreme court)
62Adamson ActEstablished 8 hour workday for rail workers
63Federal Farm Loan Board Provided farmers with long-term loans at low interest rates
64Failures of Progressivism: Did nothing to help African Americans
65Many African Americans took the Progressive spirit and worked for their own advancement: Niagara Movement- 1905, WEB and 28 other leaders met (on Canadian side- no US hotel would host them)NAACP- National Association for the Advancement of Colored People-1909Both groups believed the vote was essential for change“ The power of the ballot we need in sheer self-defense, else what shall save us from a second slavery” WEBWork through the courts to make changes
66Legacy of Progressivism: Americans began to expect more from their government.Regulate economy and solve social problemsProgressives expanded democracy, and improved the lives of men, women and children.Progressivism “ended” b/c of the concerns of WWI