Presentation on theme: "Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement"— Presentation transcript:
1Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement Pronouns: words that are used in place of one or more nouns or pronounsExamples:Ask Dan if Dan has done Dan’s homeworkAsk Dan if he has done his homework.Both of Sally's friends said both would help Lois to find Lois’s books.Both of Sally's friends said they would help Lois find her books.
2Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement The word that a pronoun stands for (or refers to) is called its antecedent.ante (before) + cede (to come) = antecedent (that which comes before)Antecedents are nouns (or sometimes pronouns) in the sentence.Antecedents usually come before the pronoun in the same sentence.Antecedents sometimes appear in the sentence just before the onewith the pronoun.Example: antecedent pronoun pronounFrederick, have you turned in your report?
3Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement A personal pronoun MUST agree with its antecedent in number and gender.
5Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement RULES(1) Use a singular pronoun to refer to two or more singular antecedents joined by or.EXAMPLES:Either Ralph or Carlos will display his baseball cardcollection.Nina or Mary will bring her CD player.
6Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement RULES(2) Use a plural pronoun to refer to two or more antecedents joined by and.EXAMPLES:Isaac and Jerome went to the playground so that they could practice shooting baskets.Elena and Roberto sent letters to their cousin in Costa Rica.
7Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement Guided PracticeGENDER(1.) Carlotta said that she found her book.(2.) Aaron brought his skates with him.
8Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement Guided PracticeGENDER(3) The plant with mold on it is losing its leaves.
9Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement Guided PracticeGENDER(4) Every one of the parents praised his or her child's efforts.(5.) No one in the play forgot his or her lines.-one, -body, -thing....each, either, neitherSINGULAR!!
10Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement Guided PracticeAgreement:(6.) Someone in the class left behind his or her pencil.(7.) Each of the snakes escaped from its cage.
11Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement Guided PracticeAgreement:(8.) Either Ralph or Carlos will display his baseball collection.(9.) Nina or Mary will bring her CD player.(10.) Odessa or Raymond will bring his or her road map.
12Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement Guided PracticeAgreement:(11.) Isaac and Jerome went to the playground so that they could practice shooting baskets.(12.) Elena and Roberto sent letters to their cousins in Costa Rica.
13Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement Guided PracticeAgreement:(13.) The cast is giving its final performance. (Neutral ; Plural)(14.) The cast is trying on their costumes (Neutral ; Plural)(15.) Everyone is giving his or her opinion.