Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Immigration Trends in Minnesota Barbara J. Ronningen State Demographic Center December 23, 2002.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Immigration Trends in Minnesota Barbara J. Ronningen State Demographic Center December 23, 2002."— Presentation transcript:

1 Immigration Trends in Minnesota Barbara J. Ronningen State Demographic Center December 23, 2002

2 Who Immigrates? Young people - most immigrants are young working-age adults About half are female and half male About 30% of immigrants return home EXCEPT for refugees Refugees must prove that their lives are in danger in their homeland In 2001, 64% of immigrants came to join family (family preference) In 2001, 13% of immigrants came to work (employment preference) In 2001, 10% of immigrants came as refugees

3 What Data is Available? INS Statistical Yearbook MN Dept. of Health Refugee Data MN Dept. of Health Birth Certificates MN DCFL Language Spoken at Home Data MN DCFL Ethnicity and Race Data US Census Data on Race, Ethnicity, Ancestry, Foreign Born and Language

4 Immigration to U.S. Reflects Law Changes Source: Immigration and Naturalization Service IRCA passed in 1986

5

6 40% of Immigrants Come from North America* 25% from Mexico U.S through 2000 Source: Immigration and Naturalization Service *North America includes Canada, Mexico, the Caribbean nations and Central America.

7 We're Number 1! Largest population of Somali immigrants Highest proportion of refugees Second highest population of Hmong Highest number coming for the winter

8 Source: Immigration and Naturalization Service Recent Immigration Trends in Minnesota Reflect Refugee Numbers

9

10 Source: Immigration and Naturalization Service Refugees Flock to Minnesota % of All Immigrants Who Are Refugees

11 Or Do They? Numbers of Refugees to U.S. and to Minnesota Source: Immigration and Naturalization Service Minnesota United States

12 Minnesota's Share of U.S. Immigration is Small But Proportion of Refugees is Higher Refugees All Immigrants Detailed data on refugees for 2000 is not yet available. Source: Immigration and Naturalization Service

13 Politics Likely Cause of Change in Origin of Orphans Source: Immigration and Naturalization Service

14

15 Minority Populations Much Younger than White Population Source: 2000 Census

16

17

18 Minnesota in 2000 Census Is a Patchwork Quilt of Ethnicities AFRICANLATINO Ethiopian5,413Cuban2,527 Liberian3,148Guatemalan1,684 Nigerian3,073Mexican95,613 Somali11,164Puerto Rican6,616 Salvadoran2,005 ASIAN Arab13,923EUROPEAN Afghan467Serbian4,296 Asian Indian19,963Bosnian??? Cambodian6,533 Chinese18,622 Filipino9,696 Hmong45,443 Korean15,255 Laotian11,516 Vietnamese20,570

19 Asians Most Numerous of Foreign Born Minnesotans Source: 2000 Census

20 African Immigrants Grew Most Rapidly in 1990s Source: U.S. Census

21 But Immigrants from Asia and Latin American Added the Most People Source: U.S. Census

22

23

24 Births to Mothers Born Outside U.S. Continue to Increase Source: MN Department of Health

25

26 Minority Student Numbers Increase to

27 One in Five Kindergarten Students is Minority Source: Department of Children, Families and Learning

28 Districts with 25% or More Minority Kindergarteners School Districts - Charter Schools excluded Source: Department of Children, Families and Learning

29 Non-English Speakers Triple in 8 Years Source: DCFL

30

31

32

33

34

35 Illegal Immigrant Numbers Small but Growing in Minnesota In 1998, 1,800 illegal immigrants were deported from Minnesota, South Dakota and North Dakota. 46% of those arrested in 1990 had committed a crime (other than working in the U.S. without appropriate papers). In 2001, the rate was almost 90%. INS estimates about 6 to 11 million illegal immigrants resident in the U.S. with about 40% in California. More than half of all illegal immigrants in U.S. are from Mexico. 41% of illegal immigrants are undocumented "overstays."

36 Illegal Immigrant Arrests Focus on Criminal Involvement Source: Immigration and Naturalization Service

37 Most INS Arrests are Mexican Nationals St. Paul District Mexico - 1,105 Guatemala - 39 El Salvador - 39 Ecuador - 28 Honduras - 28 Somalia - 14 Nigeria - 10 Canada - 9 Liberia - 9

38 Fewer Immigrants in the Future? Post-September 11 Minnesota less "welcoming" Recession and fewer jobs

39 For More Data on Immigration Wilder Foundation report on immigration: reports.html?summary=89 Immigration and Naturalization Service: State Demographic Center H.A.C.E.R. (University of Minnesota) Chicano Latino Affairs Council (C.L.A.C.)

40 demography/Census2000.html To download a copy of this presentation, go to: Scroll down to Presentations


Download ppt "Immigration Trends in Minnesota Barbara J. Ronningen State Demographic Center December 23, 2002."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google