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The Korean War By Jacob Rittgers and Chris Dawson.

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Presentation on theme: "The Korean War By Jacob Rittgers and Chris Dawson."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Korean War By Jacob Rittgers and Chris Dawson

2 The Start of The War The Korean war began as a war between South korea,republic of Korea and North Korea,Democratic People's Republic of Korea after the North's invasion of the South, the conflict swiftly developed into a limited international war. A product of the Cold War, the Korean War revisted from Moscow to Washington, with The People's Republic of China eventually becoming the lead dealer of communist troops.

3 The Forces United Nation Forces- In these forces their were over 22 different nations including: U.S.A., Canada, South Korea, Philippines, New Zealand, Italy, United Kingdom, Turkey, Sweden, Australia, etc. Communist Forces- In the Communist Forces their was on only 3 forces who were North Korea, Soviet Union, Peoples Republic of China.

4 Timeline 15 Aug 45 - Korea divided into US and Soviet occupation zones along 38th parallel 26 July 47 - President Truman's National Security Act creates US Department of Defense 15 Aug 48 - After supervised elections, US military government turns over power to Republic of Korea 25 Jun 50 - North Korean People's Army invades South Korea - UN calls for an end of aggression

5 Timeline (part 2) 27 Jun 50 - UN asks member countries to aid Republic of Korea - US announces intervention. North Korea attacks Seoul airfield. 28 Jun 50 - US bombers attack troops in Han River area - North Korean army captures Seoul 30 Jun 50 - President Truman orders ground forces into Korea and authorizes Air Force to bomb North Korea 5 Jul 50 - Near Osan, Task Force Smith troops fight for the first time and suffer heavy casualties 18 Jul 50 - US Cavalry lands at Pohangdong - US aircraft destroy key oil refinery in Wonsan 22 Jul 50 - Battle for Taejon ends with heavy US losses and retreat 4 Aug 50 - Pusan perimeter established in southeastern Korea

6 Timeline (part 3) 13 Aug 50 - First UN counterattack collapses 15 Aug 50 - Four-day battle of "the Bowling Alley" - UN forces hold back North Korean offensive 15 Sep 50 - Inchon landing of UN forces 29 Sep 50 - UN troops complete recapture of Seoul 7 Oct 50 - UN forces cross 38th parallel - UN sanctions defeat of North Korea and attempted reunification 14 Oct 50 - Chinese Communist troops cross Yalu River into Korea 19 Oct 50 - UN captures P'yongyang, the North Korean capital 1 Nov 50 - Chinese attack in force near Unsan 24 Nov 50 - General Douglas MacArthur's final "Home by Christmas" offensive begins 11 Dec 50 - End of Chinese strike against marine and army divisions at Chosin Reservoir - marines retreat

7 Timeline (part 4) 1 Mar 51 - UN line reaches between the 37th and 38th Parallels 18 Mar 51 - UN forces retake Seoul 11 Apr 51 - MacArthur recalled - General Matthew Ridgway given command 13 Jun 51 - UN forces dig in on the 38th Parallel 10 Jul 51 - Truce talks begin at Kaesong - Communists break off talks six weeks later

8 Timeline (part 5) 23 Sep 51 - UN forces take Heartbreak Ridge after 18-day battle 27 Nov 51 - Truce talks resume at Panmunjom 28 Mar 53 - North Korean and Chinese leaders agree to POW exchange 18 Apr 53 - Three-day battle of Pork Chop Hill ends in victory for UN forces 26 Apr 53 - Full peace talks resume at Panmunjom 14 Jun 53 - Communist offensive pushes Republic of Korea troops south 18 Jun 53 - South Koreans release 27,000 North Korean POWs, who refuse repatriation 25 Jun 53 - "Little Truce Talks" secure Republic of Korea's acceptance of armistice. Chinese launch massive attacks against South Korean divisions. 10 Jul 53 - Communists return to negotiations 27 Jul 53 - Cease fire signed - fighting ends 12 hours later 4 Sep 53 - Processing of POWs for repatriation begins at Freedom Village, Panmunjom

9 Geography of Korea Location: Eastern Asia, southern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea Map references: Asia Area: total: 98,480 sq km land: 98,190 sq km water: 290 sq km Area - comparative: slightly larger than Indiana Land boundaries: total: 238 km border countries: North Korea 238 km Coastline: 2,413 km Climate: temperate, with rainfall heavier in summer than winter

10 The Losses Casualties in the war were heavy. U.S. losses were placed at over 54,000 dead and 103,000 wounded, while Chinese and Korean casualties were each at least 10 times as much more.

11 Qs and As How many forces made up the United Nations army? 22 How many forces made up the Communist Forces? 3 What caused the Korean War? The exact reason is unknown

12 Qs and As (part 2) True and False True and False Italy was a communist country False South Korea was on the United Nations force True Canada was United nations True

13 Qs and As (part 3) Russia was a Communist True and False because Russia was Soviet Union at the time Sweden was United Nations Forces True U.S.A. was communist False War was in 1892 False

14 Pictures

15 Bibliography

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