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The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other.

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Presentation on theme: "The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other.

3 The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other.

4 The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other. That is you! You are one species that is connected to every other species.

5 The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other. Watch what happens to the web as we remove species.

6 The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other.

7 The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other.

8 The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other.

9 The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other.

10 The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other.

11 The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other.

12 The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other.

13 The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other.

14 The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other.

15 The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other.

16 The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other.

17 The Ecology: Interactions Unit The Ecology: Interactions Unit Everything is connected to each other. Everything is connected to each other. Understanding the complexity of how species are connected is the key to better management and our own well-being.

18 Activity! Where does the study of ecology fit in all the levels of biological organization below. Place the line. –Force Carrier Particles –Quarks –Sub-Atomic Particles –Atoms –Molecules –Organelles –Cells –Tissue –Organs –Organ System –Individual –Population –Community –Biome –Biosphere –Solar System –Galaxy –Universe –Cosmos

19 Activity! Where does the study of ecology fit in all the levels of biological organization below. Place the line. –Force Carrier Particles –Quarks –Sub-Atomic Particles –Atoms –Molecules –Organelles –Cells –Tissue –Organs –Organ System –Individual –Population –Community –Biome –Biosphere –Solar System –Galaxy –Universe –Cosmos

20 Levels of Biological Organization. –Force Carrier Particles –Quarks –Sub-Atomic Particles –Atoms –Molecules –Organelles –Cells –Tissue –Organs –Organ System Physics and Chemistry Biology

21 Individual Population Community Biome Biosphere Solar System Galaxy Universe Cosmos Astronomy Ecology

22 Individual – Population - Community –- Biome - Biosphere

23 Individual: Organism with unique DNA and cells. Individual: Organism with unique DNA and cells.

24 meatballs DNA: A large molecule that passes on information.

25 Individual: Organism with unique DNA and cells. Individual: Organism with unique DNA and cells. meatballs Cells: Smallest unit of life. You are made of Trillions of tiny cells.

26 Population: Groups of similar individuals who tend to mate with each other in a limited geographic area. Population: Groups of similar individuals who tend to mate with each other in a limited geographic area.

27 Ecosystem: The relationships of populations with each other and their environment. Ecosystem: The relationships of populations with each other and their environment.

28 Community: The relationships between groups of populations. Community: The relationships between groups of populations.

29 Biome: A regional ecosystem characterized by distinct types of vegetation and animals. Biome: A regional ecosystem characterized by distinct types of vegetation and animals. Determined by temperature and rainfall. Determined by temperature and rainfall.

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35 Summer

36 Winter

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38 Winter

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43 Temperate Rainforest

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45 Biosphere: The part of the earth and its atmosphere in which living organisms exist. Biosphere: The part of the earth and its atmosphere in which living organisms exist.

46 Biosphere consists of…Biosphere consists of… –-

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53 Ecosphere: The surface of the earth and all the ecosystems.Ecosphere: The surface of the earth and all the ecosystems.

54 Lithosphere: Below the surface, in the crust and mantle.Lithosphere: Below the surface, in the crust and mantle.

55 Hydrosphere: All waters not in atmosphere and lithosphere.Hydrosphere: All waters not in atmosphere and lithosphere.

56 Atmosphere: The area of gases that surround the planet.Atmosphere: The area of gases that surround the planet.

57 Individual Population Community Ecosystem Biome Biosphere

58 Individual Population Community Ecosystem Biome Biosphere

59 Individual Population Community Ecosystem Biome Biosphere

60 Individual Population Community Ecosystem Biome Biosphere

61 Individual Population Community Ecosystem Biome Biosphere

62 Individual Population Community Ecosystem Biome Biosphere Includes non-living factors

63 Individual Population Community Ecosystem Biome Biosphere Includes non-living factors AIR

64 Individual Population Community Ecosystem Biome Biosphere

65 Individual Population Community Ecosystem Biome Biosphere

66 Video – Ecosystem Organization (Australia) –http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WuejxJttBqohttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WuejxJttBqo

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68 Habitat: The type of environment in which an organism lives. Habitat: The type of environment in which an organism lives.

69 Which tree has more value in a forest ecosystem?

70 Answer!

71 Answer! Both have value,

72 Answer! Both have value, but dead trees are extremely valuable to a forest ecosystem because they provide habitat such as den sites, a steady food source of insects, and ultimately fertilize the soil after decay.

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75 What are the five things in a habitat that I need to survive?

76 The needs of an organism are… Air. Water. Food. Shelter. Space.

77 Community ecology: The study of interacting populations.

78 How do you pronounce niche? What is a niche?

79 Answer! Can be Nitch or Neesh. Both work.

80 Ecological Niche: The place or function of a given organism within its ecosystem. Ecological Niche: The place or function of a given organism within its ecosystem.

81 That is just a fancy name for saying… My job.

82 Name the niche of the two pictures below?

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93 Activity! What are the niches of people in this school.

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96 Partner up, please determine the jobs of each of the following players in your town?o –Teachers will assign each pair one from the group below. Be prepared to present. s: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers:

97 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above.

98 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above.

99 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above.

100 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above.

101 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above.

102 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above.

103 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above.

104 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above.

105 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above.

106 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above.

107 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above.

108 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above.

109 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above.

110 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above.

111 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above.

112 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above.

113 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above.

114 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above.

115 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above.

116 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above.

117 Possible Answers: -Principal: To manage the entire school -Custodian: Maintain the building. -Lunch Staff: To feed the students. -DOT: Provide roads to get to school. -Teachers: To educate the students. -Students: To Learn and master schoolwork. -Parents: To assist teachers and students. -Tax Payers: Provide $ for all of the above. -DOE: To manage teachers. -Farmers: Provide the food for all of the above.

118 Activity! Each table needs to look at the picture and describe the ecological niche of one the organisms. Niche = jobs / role.

119 Activity! Each table needs to look at the picture and describe the ecological niche of one the organisms. Plants: Provide oxygen and are the producers in this ecosystem

120 Activity! Each table needs to look at the picture and describe the ecological niche of one the organisms. Butterfly: Pollinates plants and is a food source for birds

121 Activity! Each table needs to look at the picture and describe the ecological niche of one the organisms. Butterfly: Pollinates plants and is a food source for birds

122 Activity! Each table needs to look at the picture and describe the ecological niche of one the organisms. Crayfish: Eats dead material and recycles nutrients + food source for fish.

123 Activity! Each table needs to look at the picture and describe the ecological niche of one the organisms. Predatory Bird: Keeps populations of fish in check.

124 Activity! Each table needs to look at the picture and describe the ecological niche of one the organisms. Trees: Hold soil together, food source, habitat for birds and other.

125 Activity! Each table needs to look at the picture and describe the ecological niche of one the organisms. Fish: Keep insect populations in check, food source for larger fish.

126 Activity! Each table needs to look at the picture and describe the ecological niche of one the organisms. Insects: Break down waste, food source, pollinate.

127 Activity! Each table needs to look at the picture and describe the ecological niche of one the organisms. Clam: Filters water, creates habitat, food source.

128 Area of Focus: Competition. Area of Focus: Competition.

129 What is competition?

130 Competition: The interaction between organisms or species, in which the fitness of one is lowered by the presence of another. Competition: The interaction between organisms or species, in which the fitness of one is lowered by the presence of another.

131 Four types of competition Four types of competition

132 Interspecific competition: Over resources between different species. Interspecific competition: Over resources between different species.

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134 Intraspecific competition: The same species compete for resources. Intraspecific competition: The same species compete for resources.

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136 Interference competition: fighting / disrupting. Interference competition: fighting / disrupting.

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138 Birds will often chase other birds away from habitat.

139 Fish will also protect their territory and chase away other fish.

140 Exploitative: Share resources. Exploitative: Share resources.

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142 In a pack of wolves, there is a strict hierarchy of who feeds first.

143 –First the alpha male or female will eat.

144 In a pack of wolves, there is a strict hierarchy of who feeds first. –First the alpha male or female will eat. –Then the other wolves of the group.

145 In a pack of wolves, there is a strict hierarchy of who feeds first. –First the alpha male or female will eat. –Then the other wolves of the group. –Each wolf has to respect its position in ranking, if not they will be corrected by the wolves that are higher in ranking.

146 Activity Quiz! bonus Name the type of competition. Interspecific, Intraspecific, Interference, ExploitativeInterspecific, Intraspecific, Interference, Exploitative

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157 *11 Bonus Which pro wrestler am I?

158 I cant stand these Quiz Wiz things!

159 Answers to Quiz – Types of competition.

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165 Intraspecific competition: The same species compete for resources.

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171 Interference competition: fighting / disrupting.

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173 Exploitative: Sharing resources.

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175 Interspecific competition: Over resources between different species.

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177 Interference competition: fighting / disrupting. 9 Interference competition: fighting / disrupting.

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179 Interspecific competition: Over resources between different species. 10 Interspecific competition: Over resources between different species.

180 *11 Bonus Which pro wrestler am I?

181 I cant stand these Quiz Wiz things!

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183 Continued Focus – Animal Interactions.

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185 Most animal interactions are… Most animal interactions are… Competing for the same food supply. Competing for the same food supply. Eating (predation). Eating (predation). Avoid being eaten (avoiding predation). Avoid being eaten (avoiding predation).

186 Most animal interactions are… Most animal interactions are… Competing for the same food supply. Competing for the same food supply. Eating (predation). Eating (predation). Avoid being eaten (avoiding predation). Avoid being eaten (avoiding predation).

187 Most animal interactions are… Most animal interactions are… Competing for the same food supply. Competing for the same food supply. Eating (predation). Eating (predation). Avoid being eaten (avoiding predation). Avoid being eaten (avoiding predation).

188 Most animal interactions are… Most animal interactions are… Competing for the same food supply. Competing for the same food supply. Eating (predation). Eating (predation). Avoid being eaten (avoiding predation). Avoid being eaten (avoiding predation).

189 Food Webs – Who eats whom.

190 Food Web: A complex network of many interconnected food chains and feeding interactions. Food Web: A complex network of many interconnected food chains and feeding interactions.

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192 Question! What happened to the food web when critical species were removed?

193 Answer: The food web fell apart. So did the health of the ecosystem.

194 Predator: An organism that lives by preying on other organisms. Predator: An organism that lives by preying on other organisms.

195 Prey: An animal hunted for food. Prey: An animal hunted for food.

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198 Which letter below represents the predator, and which represents the prey?

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206 Review!Review! –Habitat: The area or environment where an organism or ecological community normally lives.

207 Habitat includes space, take advantage of safe places to rest such as burrows. Take advantage of the food that a habitat has to offer.

208 Habitat includes space, take advantage of safe places to rest such as burrows. Take advantage of the food that a habitat has to offer.

209 Make caches of food. Storing food for later. –Dont forget where they are.

210 Typical Predator and Prey population graph. Typical Predator and Prey population graph. *

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214 Any Predictions?

215 Typical Predator and Prey population graph. Typical Predator and Prey population graph.

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226 Please make some inferences about this graph. –Why do the populations rise and fall as they do?

227 Answer! As prey rise,

228 Answer! As prey rise, predator rise just behind them.

229 Answer! As prey rise, predator rise just behind them. As they rise they overpopulate and many prey get eaten.

230 Answer! As prey rise, predator rise just behind them. As they rise they overpopulate and many prey get eaten. The predators then die until the prey repopulate.

231 Answer! As prey rise, predator rise just behind them. As they rise they overpopulate and many prey get eaten. The predators then die until the prey repopulate. The cycle repeats.

232 Predator Prey Simulator (Optional) –http://www.shodor.org/interactivate/activities/R abbitsAndWolves/http://www.shodor.org/interactivate/activities/R abbitsAndWolves/

233 Video Link (Optional) Predators and Prey –http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vZynrBA91fYhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vZynrBA91fY


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