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HISTORY FAIR Types of Sources for Research Primary Secondary Tertiary (Finding)

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Presentation on theme: "HISTORY FAIR Types of Sources for Research Primary Secondary Tertiary (Finding)"— Presentation transcript:

1 HISTORY FAIR Types of Sources for Research Primary Secondary Tertiary (Finding)

2 Primary Sources When an author has direct knowledge (witness) of an event or of the person he/she describes and then creates a document or a work, it is considered a primary source. These works represent new knowledge and thus create HISTORY!!!! Types of Primary Sources Text Documents Objects Images Audio Statistics

3 Primary Sources - Text Original Research Reports (science experiments) Old Catalogs – Sears Material culture Newspaper Ads Signs Cookbooks Vocabulary Portion sizes Ingredients Lifestyles of the time Letters Points of view Personal feelings Context to historical events Journals Current events Perspectives Travel Business Accounts Diaries Personal character Motivation Opinions Clues to a social perspective Newspaper Reports Local information

4 Primary Sources – Objects TombstonesFashionUniforms InventionsWeaponsToolsArtifacts Study actual objects or photographs of objects to trace developments over a period of time. What materials were available? Who used them? How have they changed over time? What information do they tell us about the people who used them?

5 Primary Sources - Images Fine Art Paintings Drawings Sculpture Film/Video News footage Movies TV Programs Home movies/videos Photographs Sights Sounds Smells Economics of time Then and now


7 Primary Sources - Audio Oral Histories Music Audio Recordings Interviews Lyrics Political speeches Family Attitudes Radio broadcasts Community members Event inspired Key messages Storytellers

8 Primary Sources - Statistics Census Reports Maps Architectural Drawings/Blueprints Population growth/decline Incomes Family size Occupations Historical Changes in settlement Changes in industry Changes in population Names of places/ landmarks Building materials Social customs Technology advances Anne Frank

9 Secondary Sources Secondary sources represent worked over knowledge rather than new knowledge. Secondary sources organize primary sources in a more convenient or easier form and by nature are more widely available than primary sources. Textbooks Histories (most titles: The History of…..) Encyclopedias Dictionaries Periodicals/magazines Tables and charts Handbooks Biographies Most non-fiction library books Most reference books Most information on the Internet Interpret Analyze

10 Tertiary Sources Finding Sources Finding sources aid the researcher in finding and using Primary and Secondary Sources. WolfCat On-Line Catalog - (Chiles) TallyCat - Leon County Public Library Indexes Directories - Phone Book Periodical Indexes - ProQuest, InfoTrac Bibliographies Search Engines - Yahoo, etc...

11 How the IRC Can Help IRC.StudyDen Before and After School M-Thurs. Evening Hours Tue. & Wed. until 7:00pm

12 IRC Computer Resources Go to the Chiles Homepage Click on Library IRC or Internet Research Discovering US History Discovering World History Discovering Science Exploring Shakespeare Biography Resource Center Twayne's Combined Authors Series Peterson's Undergraduate Guide ProQuest & InfoTrac Index to magazine and newspaper articles. 3 Encyclopedias

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