Presentation on theme: "8th Grade United States History"— Presentation transcript:
1 8th Grade United States History The First Americans8th Grade United States HistoryLet’s learn about the Ice Age!!
2 Vocabulary Words to Know BeringiaNomadsMigrationIce AgeMaizeCultureArtifactsArchaeologyCarbon DatingWrite each definition as we go through the lecture.
3 Where did the first Americans come from? They came during the Ice Age around 20,000 years ago.They traveled across Beringia (land bridge connecting Asia and North America).Light Brown (then)=LandLight Brown (now)=WaterThey came from Siberia (Russia).
4 BeringiaThey crossed over on a land bridge made of ice from Siberia to Alaska. This land bridge is called Beringia.
5 What were the reasons for coming to North America They were following large gameMammoths/MastodonsBuffalo/BisonSaber-Tooth TigersThey came in a MIGRATION.- A large group of people moving from one place to anotherThey were Nomads -People who move from place to place without a stable home
6 This migration took centuries. They were nomads in search of food This migration took centuries. They were nomads in search of food. They hunted bison and mammoths using stone tools
7 What happened at the end of Ice Age About 15,000 years ago the earth’s temperature began to rise and the ice melted. Cut off the first Americans from Asia. The mammoth and other large animals began to die out.
8 What was the Ice Age? Sea levels were lowered. Extremely cold temperatures on Earth.Much of the oceans were frozen into ice sheets, or glaciers.People and animals can move across the land, which was once covered by water.Lower sea levels exposed large areas of the seabed (ground).
9 What was covered by ice? Representation of Europe during Ice Age Green- landBlue- waterWhite- ice/snowRepresentation of North America during Ice AgeThe “cloud” represents areas that were ice/snow during the Ice Age.
11 What did they do when the animals died out?… 1.Learn to fish2.Hunt smaller game (deer, rabbits, squirrels, etc…)3.Begin planting seeds
12 A New Way of LifeN/A’s in modern day Mexico discovered how to breed plants like corn around 8,000 B.C. – called maizePopulation grew rapidly as a resultPumpkins, beans, squash, tomatoes, and potatoes were all developed by N/A’s
14 Ceramics & Textiles Ceramics- anything made of clay Textiles- anything woven with fiber
15 FIRE Cooked food Dugout canoes Protection from animals Light at night or in caves
16 Transportation N/A’s did not have horses until Europeans arrived, they either walked or used canoes
17 Hunting Early N/A’s hunted large game like wooly mammoth. Later, hunted deer, buffalo, and other smaller animals
18 BOW AND ARROW B and A-big improvement over spear Skilled archer could hit targets fromover a thousand feet awayOne person can carry dozens ofarrows
19 How do historians know so much? They use carbon dating - measures the amount of carbon that remains in something. This can tell us the age of something.They use artifacts, which are things left behind by early people.They study archaeology, the study of ancient cultures.
20 Classwork/Homework;Chapter 1 section 1Complete reading check on page 18 and reading check on page 19.Complete section assessment on page 19 #’s 2,3,5Finish Textbook scavenger hunt for homework
21 Central and South American Peoples Large civilizations began in South and Central America.A. Olmec (12,000bc) MexicoB Maya replaced the Olmec (400bc)1. lived in Central America and Mexico2. Society was ruled by religious leaders(theocracy)3. Developed a calender and used hieroglyphics.
22 Central and South American peoples C Aztec ( AD) Mexico1. Capital was Tenochtitlan2. Great warriorsD Inca (South America) 12001. Capital was Cuzco2. Largest of the 3
23 North American Peoples Civilizations in North America began 3,000 years ago. Evidence of the first NA in North America was in the Southwest.The Hohokam- ArizonaB. The Anasazi (Utah, Colorado, Arizona,New Mexico) They built dwellings in the walls of steep cliffs
26 Mound Builders Region extending from Great Lakes to Gulf of Mexico Adena, Hopewell, MississippiansBuilt earth mounds as burial chambers for important people and ChiefsLargest earth mound is in Illinois called CahokiaLocal example is Lake Jackson Mounds built by the Appalachee
28 Regions of Native Americans People of the North: Canada and AlaskaInuitPeople of the West: California and West CoastTlingit, haida, Chinook, Nez Perce, Pomo, ShoshonePeople of the Southwest:Hopi, Acoma, Zuni, Apache, NavajoPeople of the Plains:Dakota
29 People of the East and Southeast: Iropuois, Cherokee,Mohawk, Creek, Chickasaw, Cherokee, SeminoleFirst People of Florida:TimucuaApalacheeJeagasTequestaCalusaTocobaga