2Vikings First old world people to find N/A’s in New World Lived in modern day northern Europe (Vinland in Scandinavia)In A.D. they visited Greenland and IcelandThey were not literate so other Europeans did not know about it
5Inspirations for European Exploration The Crusades –(beginning in 1090) time period that put the Europeans in contact with the middle eastEuropeans wanted Asian goods that the Arabs were selling (spices, peppers, cloves, cinnamon, perfumes, silks, sugar etc)
11What were the Silk Roads What were the Silk Roads? The routes that European traders took through the middle east to trade with Asia
12Due to internal conflicts in the middle east, many silk roads were shut down- traders began to charge too much too pass by so European countries began searching for new routes to Asia and traveled south down the West Coast of Africa to get there
16Early Explorers Portugal took the lead in exploration .Henry the Navigator – set up a center for explorationBartholomew Dias – explored the southernmost part of Africa. 1488Vasco de Gama- first to sail all the way around Africa to India- 1498
18Columbus crosses the Atlantic After studying Ptolemy (Greek astronomer), Columbus believes the distance to Asia going west would be short.Queen Isabella of Spain sponsored Columbus’s first voyage in October of 1492.He took 90 men and3 ships: The Nina, the Pinta and the Santa Maria.
19When he reached the Caribean Islands (San Salvador – meaning salvation) he thought he was near India. Called the people “Indians” Claimed this territory for Spain.Made 3 more voyages
27Juan Ponce de Leon – 1513 landed in Fla Juan Ponce de Leon – 1513 landed in Fla. Hoping to find gold and the fountain of youth. Called it La FloridaContinues to sail south to the Florida Keys, then lands in Charlotte Harbor.– attacked by Calusa (MATANZAS- bloody massacre) and retreats1521- Returns and is hit by Calusa arrow and dies of infection
29Panfilo de Narvaez – 1528 lands in Tampa and goes north looking for gold. Very harsh to the Timucuas. After 56 days is attacked by the Apalachees and tries to escape on makeshift rafts.Cabeza de Vaca and slave Estevanico survives and wonders for 7 years around Mexico.
33Hernando de Soto – 1541 explored Fla, stayed in Tallahassee and holds the first Christmas here, then went west. Spend 3 years wandering around the SE area of US. Died and was buried in the Miss river
39Spain in the Southwest1540 Francisco de Coronado – tried to find the seven cities of gold. Traveled throughout the southwest claiming all land for Spain.
40Spain vs France in Florida In 1562 France (Jean Ribault) built a French colony near Jacksonville - Fort Caroline.Spain (Menendez) built St Augustine in order to drive the French out. Menendez then attacked Ft Caroline and drove the French out of Florida
41Spanish Rule 4 class systems Pueblos – towns used for trade Missions – religious communitiesPresidio – a fort built near a mission
43Exploring North America In the 1500’s Martin Luther began the Protestant Reformation.In the New World the Catholic nations of Spain and France brought over religious differences and competed with the Protestant nations of England and the Netherlands.
44Other European exploration England, France and the Netherlands wanted find a Northwest passage (water passageway) through .The Columbian Exchange- Exploration brought two parts of the globe together by exchange of plants, animals, and diseases
45European Explorers England – John Cabot France – Cartier (Montreal), ChamplainLa Salle – followed the Mississippi river down to Gulf of Mexico and claimed it all for France. Louisiana (King Louis XIV)French were fur trappers and fishers – got along great with Natives.