Presentation on theme: "A MORE PERFECT UNION The United States develops from a confederation of states to a unified country ruled under one government."— Presentation transcript:
1A MORE PERFECT UNIONThe United States develops from a confederation of states to a unified country ruled under one government
2*By the end of the War every state had their own separate constitutions where they had a governor and a legislature (group who make laws). *Each legislature was divided into two houses – bicameral.
3What are the Articles of Confederation? Country’s first written plan of governmentGave the federal government very little power. . Country began to fall apart because government was too weak.
4What were the limitations of the Articles of Confederation 1. Congress could not draft and Army2. Congress could not tax citizens3. Did not create leadership under a chief executive4.Any changes required approval from all 13 states5. Could not settle disputes between states
5Northwest Ordinance 1787set up procedures for dividing the land north of the Ohio River and east of the MississippiWhen population in the territories reached 60,000 the people could petition for statehood.Bill of Rights for this territory banned slaveryLand Act of 1800 made it easier for people to buy landOrdinance of process of selling land
6Economic troubles Trade was cut off in many areas by Britain Country went through a depression. People were brokeFarmers could not pay their taxes to the states and the government began to take away their farms and put them in jail
7What is Shays Rebellion? Farms were taken away,-a group of farmers(1,200) headed by Daniel Shays, forced some courts to close in Mass. and tried to raid a federal arsenalStopped by the militia - a few farmers were killed.Made people realize that the government was not strong enough to control the people.
9THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION Delegates -total 55- met in Philadelphial in May 1787 to amend (change) Articles of Confederation. Lasted until Septembr 1787George Washington was the presiding officer.Main arguments concern representation in Congress and how much control the Federal government should have.
10Plans for Legislature A. The Virginia Plan (Edmund Randolph) States that the legislature would have two houses.(bicameral) The number of representatives would be based on population. Good for states with large populations.B. The New Jersey Plan (William Patterson)Both houses would be equally represented by all states. Good for states with small populations.
12What was the3/5th COMPROMISE? Each slave would count as 3/5th person for both taxation and representation
13Stats on THE CONSTITUTION James Madison considered the ‘Father” of the ConstitutionMany states did not approve it at first because it didn’t have a Bill of Rights.Need approval of 9 of the 13 states to go into effectFederalists – supported ConstitutionAnti-federalists - did not support itFederalism- sharing of power between state and federal government
15What did the Federalist believe? Supported a larger National/Federal governmentSupported equally dividing powers among different branchesBacked by Madison, Hamilton, WashingtonFeared disorder without a strong central government
16What were the Anti-federalists? Most political powers should remain with the statesWanted legislative branch to hold more power than executiveFeared strong government would ignore the rights of the people, favor the wealthyBelieved a Bill of Rights was necessaryFeared oppression more than disorderBacked by Jefferson, Patrick Henry
17Why is a government important Why is a government important? What should the main jobs of government do?EX: protect, defend, take care of people,etc
18After much debate it was finally ratified on Jun. 21 1788
19ORGANIZATION OF GOVERNMENT SEPERATION OF POWERS (the most distinctive part of our government, divides power into 3 parts)1. Article I- The Legislative Branch or Congress (makes the laws)2. Article II- Executive Branch (enforces laws)3. Article III - Judicial Branch (interprets laws)
20PreambleWe the People of the United States, in order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this constitution for the United States of America.