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H Hydrogen (natural) USES Boiling Point: C Freezing Point: 0 C

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Presentation on theme: "H Hydrogen (natural) USES Boiling Point: C Freezing Point: 0 C"— Presentation transcript:

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2 H Hydrogen (natural) USES Boiling Point: -252.77 C Freezing Point: 0 C
Melting Point: C Atomic Number: 1 Atomic Mass: H Hydrogen (natural) FOUND MIXED WITH GASES. This element was founded by Henry Canvendish in 1776. It was confused with other gases until Cavendish demonstrated in 1776. USES It is used for the inflation of balloons. When hydrogen is mixed with air or oxygen it ignites. Periodic Table

3 HE Helium (Natural) USES
Boiling point:-268.9 Atomic number:2 HE Melting point:-272.2 Atomic symbol:He Freeze point::20 Atomic mass:4.0026 Helium (Natural) This Element was discovered Pierre Janssen in 1868. USES Helium is used to pressurize and stiffen the rocket engines. Periodic Table

4 LI Lithium (Man made) USES Atomic Number: 3 Boiling Point:1342 C
Atomic Mass: 6.941 Atomic Symbol:LI Boiling Point:1342 C Melting Point:181 C Freezing Point:Not available. LI Lithium (Man made) This element was discovered by Johann A. Arfvedson in 1817. USES Lithium is used for bonding carbon dioxide in the ventilator systems of spacecraft and submarines. Also the hydride is used to inflate lifeboats and its heavy hydrogen is used in making the hydrogen bomb. Periodic Table

5 BE Beryllium (Natural) USES Boiling Point: 3000 C Atomic Number: 4
Melting Point: 1287 C Freezing Point: Not Available Atomic Number: 4 Atomic Mass: 9.012 Atomic Symbol: BE BE Beryllium (Natural) This element was discovered by Louis Nicolas Vauquelin in 1797. USES Beryllium is used for important use in so-called multiplexing systems. Periodic Table

6 B Boron (Natural) USES Boiling Point:3650 C Atomic Number: 5
Melting Point: 2180 C Freezing Point: Not available Atomic Number: 5 Atomic Mass: 10.81 Atomic Symbol: B B Boron (Natural) This element was discovered by Joseph Gay-Lussie,Baron Louis Thenard and Sir Humphry Davy. USES Boron is used for bone health in humans and other vertebrates. It is also used in instruments designed to detect and count slow. Periodic Table

7 C Carbon (Man Made) USES Boiling Point: Not Available
Melting Point: Not Freezing Point: Not Available Atomic Number: 6 Atomic Mass:12.011 C Carbon (Man Made) This element was discovered by several scientists in 1985. Scientists vaporized graphite to produce a stable form of carbon molecules. USES Carbon is used to remove oxygen from metal. Periodic Table

8 N Nitrogen (Natural) USES Boiling Point: -195.79 C Atomic Number: 7
Melting Point: C Freezing Point: 0 C N Atomic Number: 7 Atomic Mass: Nitrogen (Natural) This element was discovered by Antoine Laurent Lavoisier in 1772. USES Nitrogen is used in the chemical industry and obtained by the fractional distillation of liquid air. Periodic Table

9 O Oxygen (Natural) USES Boiling Point: 182.96 C Atomic Mass: 16.00
Melting Point: C Freezing Point: 0 C O Atomic Mass: 16.00 Atomic Number: 8 Oxygen (Natural) This element was discovered in 1774 by Joseph Priestely. USES This element is used for welding torches and is used for patents. Periodic Table

10 F Flourine (Natural) USES Boiling Point: -188.13 C Atomic Mass: 19.00
Melting Point: C Freezing Point: 0 C Atomic Mass: 19.00 Atomic Number:9 F Flourine (Natural) This element was discovered in 1886 by Henry Moissan. USES It is used to destroy the ozone layer. Periodic Table

11 Neon Ne USES Boiling Point:-246.08 C Atomic Mass: 20.18
Melting Point: C Freezing Point:0 C Atomic Mass: 20.18 Atomic Number: 10 Ne Neon This element was discovered in 1898 by Sir William Ramsay. USES Neon is used in neon lights and advertising. Periodic Table

12 NA Sodium (Natural) USES Boiling Point:883 C Melting Point:98 C
Freezing Point:0 C NA Atomic Mass:22.99 Atomic Number:11 Sodium (Natural) This element was discovered in 1807 by Sir Humphrey Davy. USES Sodium is used as a cooling agent in nuclear reactors. Periodic Table

13 MG Magnesium (Natural) USES Boiling Point: 1107 C Melting Point: 649 C
Freezing Point: Not Available MG Atomic Number: 12 Atomic Mass: 24.31 Magnesium (Natural) This element was discovered by Sir Humphrey Davy in 1808. USES Magnesium is used in medicine and effervescent beverages. Periodic Table

14 AL Aluminum Atomic Number - 13 Boiling Point - 2467c
Atomic Mass Boiling Point c Melting Point - 660c AL Aluminum ( Natural ) This element was discovered in 1825 by Hans Oersted in Denmark. USES Aluminum is used in cooking utensils, railroad cars, cars, and to build aircraft, Periodic Table

15 SI Silicon Boiling Point - 42571f Melting Point - 2570f
Atomic Number - 14 Atomic Mass SI Silicon ( Natural ) This element was discovered in 1823 by Baron Jons Jakob Berzelius. USES Silicon is used in the steel making industry as a constitute of Silicon steel, and in the making of cores of electrical transformers. Periodic Table

16 P Phosphorus Atomic Number-15 Boiling point-536 f Atomic Mass-30.974
Melting point-111.4f Phosphorus (natural) This element was discovered by Hennig Brand in 1669 when he was trying to turn silver into gold. USES Phosphorus is used in fertilizers, rat poison, and in the red part of matches. Periodic Table

17 S Sulfer Boiling Point- 832.3F Atomic Number- 16 Atomic Mass- 32.064
Melting Point F Sulfer (Natural) This element was discovered in the prehistoric time and mentioned in the bible. USES It is used in matches, rubber, gunpowder, sulfa drugs, and skin ointments. Periodic Table

18 CL Chlorine Boiling Point -29.29f Atomic Number-17 Atomic Mass-35.453
Melting Point f Chlorine (Natural) This Element was discovered in 1774 by Humphry Davy. USES: It was the first substance used as a poison gas in World War 1. Periodic Table

19 AR Argon Boiling Point-98 Atomic Number-18 Atomic Mass-39.948
Melting Point - NONE Argon ( Natural) This element was discovered in 1894 by William Ramsey. USES: This element is used in neon lamps that gives a red or blue light. Periodic Table

20 K Potassium Boiling Point - 1408f Melting Point - 145f
Atomic Number - 19 Atomic Mass Potassium ( Natural) This element was discovered in 1807 by Sir Humphry Davy. USES: It is used in photelectric cells in matches, fireworks, dyeing, leather tanning. Periodic Table

21 CA Calcium Atomic Number- 20 Boiling Point- 2703 Atomic Mass- 40.08
Melting point- 1542 Calcium (Natural) This element was discovered by Sir Humphry Davy in 1808. Uses: It is used in copper, nickel, and stainless steel. Periodic Table

22 SC Scandium Boiling Point - 5137f Atomic Number - 21
Melting Point f Atomic Number - 21 Atomic Mass SC Scandium ( Natural ) This element was discovered in 1879 by a Swedish chemist Lars Fredrik. USES No uses found. Periodic Table

23 TI Titanium Boiling Point - 5949f Melting Point - 3020f
Atomic Number - 22 Atomic Mass TI Titanium ( Natural ) This element was discovered in 1791 by William Gregor. USES This element is used in aluminum. Periodic Table

24 V Vanadium Boiling Point - 6116f Atomic Number - 23
Melting Point f Atomic Number - 23 Atomic Mass V Vanadium ( Natural ) This element was discovered in 1801 by Andres Manuel Del Rio and was rediscovered in 1830 by Nils Gabriel Sefstrom. USES This element is used in hardness, alloys, and plantinum. Periodic Table

25 CR Chromium Boiling Point-4842 f Melting Point-3375 f Atomic Number-24
Atomic Mass CR Chromium (Natural) USES This element was discovered by a French chemist named Louis Nicolas Vanquelin in 1797. Chromium is used in alloys, iron, nickle, and cobalt. Periodic Table

26 MN Manganese Atomic Number - 25 Boiling Point - 3564f
Atomic Mass Boiling Point f Melting Point f Manganese ( Natural ) This element was discovered in 1774 by Johan Gottlicp Gahn. USES Manganese is used in copper tin, zinc, dry cell battery, paint, and varnisncils for collecting glash. Periodic Table

27 FE Iron Atomic Number - 26 Boiling Point - 4982f Atomic Mass - 55.847
Melting Point f FE Iron ( Natural ) This element was discovered in4000B.C. by Egypt people. USES This element is used in cars, wrought iron, and castiorn steel. Periodic Table

28 CO Cobalt Atomic Number-27 Melting point- 2723 Atomic Mass-58.923
Boiling point-5,198 Cobalt Structure: Rock formed Color, silvery (Natural) It was discovered by George Brandt in 1735 Uses: unknown Periodic Table

29 NI Nickel Boiling Point-2730 Atomic Number-28 Melting Point-1455
Atomic Mass-58.69 Nickel Structure: Color, Silvery (Man made) Unknown This element was discovered by Baron Axel and found in 1751 Uses Used to make nickels Periodic Table

30 CU Copper Boiling point-4753 Atomic number-29 Melting point-1981
Atomic mass Copper Color, goldish Structure: Unknown (natural) The person who discovered copper . It does not say! USES It is used in things that involve electrity. Periodic Table

31 ZN Zinc Boiling Point: 1665 Atomic Number: 30 Melting Point: 788
Atomic Mass: 65.38 Zinc Structure: Color, Silvery (Natural) Rock Form This element was discover by Andreas Sigismund Marggraf uses It is 5% of the worlds porducktion Periodic Table

32 GA Gallium Atomic number-31 Boiling point-4357 Atomic mass-69.72
Melting point-86 Gallium (Natural) Color, Bluish Gray This element was discovered by Paul Emile Leeog de Uses Unknown Periodic Table

33 GE Germanium Boiling point-5126 Atomic number-32 Melting point-1719
Atomic mass-72.59 Germanium (natural) Color, grayish white This element was discovered by Dmitry Nanovich. Uses It was used in world war 2. Periodic Table

34 AS Arsenic Boiling point-Non-A Atomic number-33 Melting point-Non-A
Atomic mass Arsenic ( man made) Color,green This element was discovered by not avalable Uses For making glasses. Periodic Table

35 SE Selenium Atomic number-34 Boiling point-1265 Atomic mass-78.96
Melting point-423 Selenium Color,yellowish (natural) This element was discovered by berzelivs-son jacob, Baron Uses: Unknown Periodic Table

36 BR Bromine Boiling point-137.8 Atomic number-35 Melting point-18.95
Atomic mass-79.9 Bromine Color,redish brown (Natural) This Element was discovered by Antoine jerome Balard in 1826 Uses: Unknow Periodic Table

37 KR Krypton Boiling point-244.03 Atomic number-36 Melting point-250.98
Atomic mass-83.8 Krypton Color,orange red (Natural) This Element was discovered by Norman Foster, Ramsey in 1962 Uses: For the earthes atmasfear Periodic Table

38 RB Rubidium (Natural) Boiling point-1267 Atomic number:37
Atomic Mass: Melting point-102 Rubidium Color, red (Natural) This element was discovered by Robert Wilhelm Busen Uses Tea, Tobacco , Coffee, and other plants. Periodic Table

39 This element was discovered in 1790
Boiling Point:2523 Atomic number-38 SR Melting point-1416 Atomic mass-87.62 Strontium (natural) Color silvery This element was discovered in 1790 uses unknown Periodic Table

40 Y Yttrium Boiling point-6040 Atomic number-39 Melting point-2772
Atomic mass-88.91 Yttrium (natural) Color silvery This was discovered by uses unknown Periodic Table

41 ZR zirconium Boiling point-7911 Atomic number 40 Melting point-3362
Atomic mass 91.22 zirconium Color, Bluish black (natural) This Element was discovered by Martin Heinrich. Uses: The uses were for vacuum tubes, steel, and porcelain. Periodic Table

42 NB NB Niobium Atomic Number-41 Boiling Point-5127 C Atomic mass-92.906
Melting Point-2468 C NB NB Niobium Found in crustal rock. Burns when heated in air. (Natural) This Element was discovered in 1801 by Charles Hatchet. Found mainly in Nigeria and the Democratic Republic of Congo. USES This element is used for nuclear power plants and stainless steel. Periodic Table

43 MO Molybdenum Atomic Number-42 Boiling point-4640 C Atomic Mass-95.94
Melting point-2610 C MO Molybdenum Silvery,white, tough It’s a metal. (Man Made) This element was discovered in1778 by Carl Wilhelm Scheele. USES In soils it helps contribute to the growth of plants. Used in alloying steel, for air crafts and structural work. It serves as electrodes in glass furnaces. Periodic Table

44 TC Technetium Melting Point-2200 C Atomic Number-43
Boiling Point-4567 C Atomic Number-43 Atomic Mass-98 TC Technetium (Man made) This element was discovered in 1937 by Emilo Segre and Carlo Perrier by bombarding Molybdenum with Deuterons. USES Technetium is used for imaging medicines. Periodic Table

45 RU Ruthenium Boiling Point-3900 C Atomic Number-44
Melting Point-2310 C Freezing Point C RU Atomic Number-44 Atomic Mass Ruthenium Superior to Platinum in resistance to attack by acids. Grayish white metal. (Natural) Ruthenium was discovered in 1844 by Karl Karlovich Klaus USES Ruthenium is used for the tips of pens and in the manufacture of jewelry. Periodic Table

46 RH Rhodium Boiling Point-3727C Atomic Number-45 Melting Point-1966 C
Atomic Mass Rhodium Very durable. Silvery white metal. (Natural) This element was discovered in 1803 by William Hyde Wollaston. USES Rhodium is used in mirror surfaces, as plating finish in jewelry and silverware and as a black pigment for porcelain. Periodic Table

47 PD Palladium Boiling point-2970 C Atomic number-46
Melting point-1554 C PD Atomic number-46 Atomic mass-106.4 Rare silvery white soft metal. Palladium Fuses and welds easily. (Natural) This element was discovered by William Hyde Wollaston. USES It is used for nonmagnetic springs in clocks and watches. Used in jewelry, for special in mirrors, and alloyed with gold it forms white gold. Also used in Canadian nickel. Periodic Table

48 AG Silver Boiling Point-2212 C Melting Point-962 C Atomic Number-47
Atomic Mass Silver Not Chemically active. Eggs tarnish it quickly. (Natural) Harder than gold yet softer than copper. Date of discovery is unknown. Silver mines were probably worked in Asia before 2,500 B.C. USES Silver is used to coat smooth glass surfaces for mirrors, aluminum has replaced this though. It is also used in jewelry and used to be used in coins. Periodic Table

49 CD Cadmium Boiling Point-1409 C Melting Point-321 C Atomic Number-48
Atomic Mass CD Cadmium Burns bright when heated. USES This element is used for coating metals and is used in batteries that are used for specialized purposes. Periodic Table

50 IN Indium Boiling Point-2080 C Atomic Number-49 Melting Point-157 C
Atomic Mass Indium Silvery white soft metal. (Natural) Discovered by Hieronymus Theodor Richter and Ferdinand Reich. USES This element is used in nuclear reactors control rods, and is found in certain zinc blends, tin, and iron ores. Periodic Table

51 SN Tin Atomic Number-50 Boiling Point-2260 C Atomic Mass-118.69
Melting Point-232 C SN Tin Silvery white metal. Forms stannic acid when heated in air. Discovery date is unknown and who discovered it is also unknown. It is found in Malaysia, Brazil, Indonesia, Thailand, Bolivia, Australia, and America. USES Tin is used in hundreds of industrial processes throughout the world. It is also used as a protective coating for copper vessels, and various metals used in the manufacture of tin cans. Periodic Table

52 SB Antimony Boiling Point-1750 C Melting Point-630 C Atomic Number-51
Atomic Mass SB Antimony Bluish white brittle semimetal. (Natural) This element was probably discovered in 1450 but was certainly discovered in It is mined in China, France, Italy,Japan, Mexico, and Western United States. USES Antimony is used in certain medicines, as a yellow pigment in glass and porcelain, used for bronzing steel, and as a mordent in dying. Periodic Table

53 TE Tellurium Boiling Point-1390 C Atomic Number-52 Melting Point-630 C
Atomic Mass-127.6 TE Tellurium Silvery white semimetal. A gravity of 6.25. (Natural) This element was discovered in 1782 by Franz Joseph Muller Von Reichenstein. USES Tellurium is used in the manufacture of rectifiers and thermoelectric devices. With organic substances it is used for natural and synthetic rubber, in antiknock compounds for gasoline, and as an impart for blue tints in glass. Periodic Table

54 I Iodine Boiling Point-185 C Melting Point-113.6 C Atomic Number-53
Atomic Mass Iodine Blue black solid. Chemically active. (Natural) This element was first isolated from seaweed in 1811 by Bernard Courteous. USES Iodine is used in medical use and without this, stunted growth and conditions like goiter can happen. It is also used in photography, making dyes, and in cloud seeing operations. Periodic Table

55 XE Xenon Boiling Point-108.1 C Melting Point-111.8 C Atomic-Number-54
Atomic Mass Xenon Colorless and odorless. This element was discovered in 1898 by Sir William Ramsey and Morris Travers. USES Xenon is used in lighting high-speed photographic tubes. Periodic Table

56 CS Cesium Boiling Point: 1236 F Melting Point: 82 F Atomic Number: 55
Atomic Mass: Cesium ( Natural ) Structure, Not available Color, White Cesium was discovered in 1860 by the German chemists Robert Wilhelm Bunsen and Gustav Robert Kirchhoff through the use of a spectroscope. USES: Cerium is used to remove residual oxygen from radio vacuum tubes. Thus it is used in televisions, radios, and computers. Periodic Table

57 BA Barium ( Natural ) Boiling Point: 2984 F Atomic Number: 56
Melting Point: 1337 F Atomic Number: 56 Atomic Mass: BA Barium ( Natural ) Structure: Not available Color: Soft, Silvery This element was discovered in 1808 by the English scientist Sir Humphrey Davy. USES: Barium is sometimes used in coating electrical conductors in electronic apparatus and in automobile ignition systems. Periodic Table

58 LA Lanthanum Boiling Point: 6267 F Atomic Number:57
Melting Point: 1684 F LA Atomic Number:57 Atomic Mass: Lanthanum ( Natural ) Structure, not available Color, Metallic This element was discovered by the Swedish chemist Carl Gustav Mosander in 1839. USES: Lanthanum is used in optical glass and cigarette flints. Periodic Table

59 CE Cerium Boiling Point: 6229 F Melting Point: 1468 F
Atomic Number : 58 Atomic Mass : Cerium ( Natural ) Color: Soft, Gray Structure: Not available Cerium was discovered in 1803 by the Swedish chemists, Baron Jons Jakob Berzelius and Wilhelm Hisinger, in the same year it was also discovered independently by the German chemist Martin Heinrich. USES: Cerium is used in small quantities in the manufacturing of glass, ceramics, arc-lamp, electrodes, and photoelectric cells. Periodic Table

60 PR Praseodymium Boiling Point: 6368 F Atomic Number: 59
Melting Point: 1708 F PR Atomic Number: 59 Atomic Mass: 140.9 Praseodymium ( Natural ) Structure: Not available Color: Silvery Extracted from Neodymium Praseodymium was discovered in by the German chemist, Carl Auer von Welsbach. USES: This element is used in magnesium alloys and in misch metal, an alloy used for cigarette-lighter flints and as a deoxidizer in alloys and vacuum tubes. Periodic Table

61 ND Neodymium Boiling point: 5565 F Atomic Number : 60
Atomic Mass:144.24 Melting point : 1870 F Neodymium ( Natural ) Structure: Not Available Color, Silvery Extracted From Praseodymium This element was discovered in 1885 by the Austrian chemist, Baron Carl Aver Von Welsbach. USES: Neodymium is used in the screens of color televisions. Periodic Table

62 PM Promethium Boiling Point: 5432 F Melting Point: 1908 F
Atomic Number: 61 Atomic Mass: 145 Promethium ( Natural ) Color, Radioactive Metallic element Structure, Not available Promethium was isolated in 1945 by scientists at the nuclear research laboratory at Oak Ridge, Tennessee by the American chemists Charles DuBois Coryell, Jacob A. Marinsky, and Lawrence E. Glendenin. USES: Promethium is used in atomic batteries and as a beta-particle source in thickness gauges. Periodic Table

63 SM Samarium Boiling Point: 3261 F Atomic Number: 62
Melting Point: 1965 F SM Atomic Number: 62 Atomic Mass: 150.4 Samarium ( Natural ) Color, White Structure, Not available This element was discovered by the French chemist P.E Locoq de Boisbaudran in 1879. USES: Samarium oxide is used in the control rods of some nuclear reactors. Periodic Table

64 EU Europium Boiling Point: 2781 F Melting Point: 1512 F
Atomic Number: 63 Atomic Mass: Europium ( Natural ) Color, Silvery Structure, Not available Europium was discovered in 1896 by the French chemist, Eugene Demorcay. USES: This element is used in the screen of a color television, and when bombarded with electrons, produces the color red. Periodic Table

65 GD Gadolinium Boiling Point: 5923 F Melting Point:2395 F
Atomic Number: 64 Atomic Mass, Gadolinium ( Natural ) Color: Silvery, White Structure: Unknown This Element was discovered in 1880, By a Swiss Chemist Jeande Marignec. Uses: It is used as a component of control rods in nuclear reactors. Periodic Table

66 TB Terbium Boiling Point: 5846 F Melting Point: 2473 F
Atomic Number: 65 Atomic Mass: Terbium ( Natural ) Structure, Not available Color, Metallic Terbium was discovered in 1843 by the Swedish chemist Carl Gustav Mosander. USES: Terbium is used in refactory materials, and electronic apparatus. Periodic Table

67 DY Dysprosium Boiling point:4653 Atomic Number:66 Melting point:2574
Atomic Mass:162.5 Dysprosium (Natural) Structure: A high magnetic susceptibility Color,yellow or yellow green This element was discovered in 1886 by Paul Erile Locoq de Boisbaudran. Uses He separated one of its compounds from an oxide of Holmium.It is sometimes used to control rods of nuclear reactors. Periodic Table

68 HO Holmium Boiling Point:4892 F Atomic Number:67 Melting Point: 2683 F
Atomic Mass: Holmium ( Natural ) Structure: Not Available Color, Silvery This element was discovered in 1878 by the Swiss chemists, Jacques Louis Soret, and Marc Delafontaine. It was also independently discovered by Per Teodor Cleve in 1879. USES: Holmium is used in some electronic devices and as a catalyst in industrial chemical reactions. Periodic Table

69 ER Erbium ( Natural ) Boiling Point: 5194 F Melting Point: 2784 F
Atomic Number: 68 Atomic Mass: Erbium ( Natural ) Structure: Not available Color: Bright, Silvery Luster Erbium was discovered in by the Swedish chemist, Carl Gustav Mosander. USES: Erbium is used in experimental optical amplifiers that amplify light signals sent along fiber-optic cables. Periodic Table

70 TM Thulium Boiling Point-3542 Atomic Number-69 Melting Point-2813
Atomic Mass Thulium (Natural) Color, Silvery-gray Metallic Structure: Soft, malleable ductile The element was discovered by the Swedish chemist Per Teodor Cleve in 1879. USES Thulium is used in small portable x-ray machines which utilize artificially radioactive Thulium as it’s x-ray source Periodic Table

71 YB Ytterbium B Boiling Point-1506 Atomic Number-70 Melting Point-2185
Atomic Mass Ytterbium (Natural) Color,bright silvery Structure: Soft, malleable Ytterbium was discovered by a Swiss chemist Jean Charles De Marignac in 1878. Uses Ytterbium is used in alloys, electronics, and magnetic materials. Periodic Table

72 LU Lutetium Atomic Number-71 Boiling Point-6153 Atomic Mass-174.97
Melting Point-3025 Lutetium (Natural) Structure: Not Available Color, Silvery White This element was discovered by a French chemist named Geoges Ubain, and a Carl Auer von Welsbach about the same time, in 1907. USES Lutetium is used in determining in meteorites in relation with the earth. Periodic Table

73 HF Hafnium Atomic Number-72 Boiling Point-8316 Atomic Mass-178.49
Melting Point-4041 HF Hafnium Structure: Resembles zirconium (Natural) Color, Metallic Hafnium was discovered by the Hungarian chemist, Georg von Hevesy and Dutch physicist Dirk Coster in Copenhagen in the year 1923. USES Hafnium is used with zirconium as a structural material in nuclear power plants. Periodic Table

74 TA Tantalum Boiling Point-5425 Melting Point-9797 Atomic Number-73
Atomic Mass Tantalum (Natural) Structure: Acid Color,White Tantalum was discovered by Baron Jons Jakob Berzelius in 1820. USES It is used for Laboratory wear, circuits, and Camera lenses. Periodic Table

75 W Tungsten Boiling Point-10,220 Atomic Number-74 Atomic Mass- 183.85
Melting Point-6170 Tungsten (Natural) Color, silver-steel Structure: Hard and Brittle This element was discovered Carl Wilhem Scheele, and Juan Jose and Fausto D’ Elhuyar in 1781. USES Tungsten is used in cutting tools. Periodic Table

76 RE Rhenium Atomic Number-75 Melting Point-5756 Atomic Mass-186.207
(Natural) Color,Silvery White Structure: Very hard This element was discovered by Walter Karl Noddack and Ida Eva Noddack in 1925. USES Rhenium is used in electrical filaments, welding rock, and photographic flashbulbs. Periodic Table

77 OS Osmium Melting Point-4892 Atomic Number-76 Atomic Mass-190.2
(Natural) Structure: Brittle metallic Color, Bluish-white It was discovered by Smithson Tennant in 1803. USES It is used in standard weights and measurements. Periodic Table

78 IR Iridium Atomic Number-77 Boiling Point-7466 Atomic Mass-192.22
Melting Point-4370 IR Iridium Color, white Structure: Brittle and extremely hard It was discovered by Smithson Tennant, a British chemist in 1804. USES It is used for jewelry, fountain tip pens, compasses, and surgical tools Periodic Table

79 PT Platinum Atomic Number-78 Atomic Mass-195.09 Melting Point-3222
Boiling Point-6291 Melting Point-3222 PT Platinum Structure: Metallic Color, bluish-gray (Natural) Discovered sometime before the 16th century. USES Used in laboratory apparatus, contact points in electrical apparatus and in instruments used for measuring high temperatures, also used in dental fillings. Periodic Table

80 AU Gold Boiling Point-1947 Melting Point-5086 Atomic Number-79
Atomic Mass AU Gold Color, Gold Structure: Soft, Dense (Natural) This element is the second most valuable mineral in the world. USES It was used for jewelry, as money, and in the form of gold leaf. Periodic Table

81 HG Mercury Atomic Number-80 Boiling Point-675 Atomic Mass-200.59
Melting Point-38 Mercury (Natural) Color, silvery metallic Structure: Free flowing liquid It was discovered by a French chemist Antoine Laurent Lavosier. USES Mercury is used in thermometers and it’s used in other types of scientific apparatus. Periodic Table

82 TI Thallium Atomic Number-81 Boiling Point-2665 Atomic Mass-204.383
Melting Point-597 Thallium (Natural) Structure: Soft and malleable Color, bluish-gray Discovered by Sir Williams Crookes an English chemist in 1861. USES It is used for rat poison and ant poison. It can also be used to diagnose some types of heart disease. Periodic Table

83 PB Lead Boiling Point-3164 Melting Point-662 Atomic Number-82
Atomic Mass PB Lead (Natural) Color,Bluish-Gray Structure: Soft and malleable Lead was discovered by the Romans and was mentioned the Old Testament. USES Lead is used in the storage of batteries and in sheathing electric cables, industrial lining for tanks and x-ray apparatus. Periodic Table

84 Used in fluoroscopy (used to examine the internal organs.)
BI Atomic Number-83 Boiling Point-2840 Melting Point-520 Atomic Mass Bismuth Color-Pinkish tinge Structure: (Artificial) Founder unknown USES Used in fluoroscopy (used to examine the internal organs.) Periodic Table

85 PO Polonium Atomic Number-84 Boiling Point-1235 Atomic Mass
Melting Point-527 Polonium Structure: Simple Cubic Color, Blue Glow (Natural) This Element was discovered by Marie Curiein in 1898 in Paris USES Polonium is used for thermoelectric power. Periodic Table

86 AT Astatine Boiling Point-610 Atomic Number-85 Melting Point-575
Atomic Mass-210 Astatine (Natural) Discovered by Corson in 1940. Periodic Table

87 RN Radon Boiling point-211 Atomic Number-86 Melting Point-202
Atomic Mass-222 Radon (Natural) Discovered by Dorn in 1900 in Germany. USES Earthquake Prediction Periodic Table

88 This Element was discovered by Marguerite Perey in 1939 in France.
Boiling Point- 950 Atomic Number-87 FR Melting Point Atomic Mass Francium Structure: body centered cubic Color: (Natural) This Element was discovered by Marguerite Perey in 1939 in France. USES Periodic Table

89 RA Radium Boiling point-1809 Atomic Number-88 Melting point-973
Atomic Mass Radium Structure: Body centered cubic Color, White (Natural) Isolated by the Curies and Are Debierne in 1898 in Paris USES Radium is used in Neutron sources Periodic Table

90 Actinium is used in Thermoelectric power.
Boiling Point-3473 Atomic Number-89 Melting Point-1323 Atomic Mass Actinium Color, Silvery (Natural) Structure: Face centered cube Discovered by Debierne in 1899 USES Actinium is used in Thermoelectric power. Periodic Table

91 Thorium is used in gas lamp mantles and nuclear breeder reactors.
Atomic Number-90 Boiling Point-5061 Atomic Mass Melting Point-2028 Thorium Color, White (Natural) Structure: Face centered cubic Thorium was Identified in 1821and isolated by J.J. Berzelius in 1828 in Sweden. USES Thorium is used in gas lamp mantles and nuclear breeder reactors. Periodic Table

92 PA Protactinium Boiling Point----- Atomic Number-91 Melting Point-----
Atomic Mass Protactinium Color, Silvery Structure: Face centered cubic (Natural) Discovered independently by Fajans and Gohring in Germany and by Soddy , Cranston and Fleck in Scotland in 1913. USES Periodic Table

93 Structure: hex cls pkd distored
Boiling Point:4407 Atomic Number:92 Melting Point:1405 Atomic Mass: Uranium Color: Silvery (Natural) Structure: hex cls pkd distored This element was used by the Romans for yellow pigments in glass. The element was discovered in 1789 by a German chemist, Martin Klaproth. USES Nuclear reactor fuel Periodic Table

94 NP Neptunium Boiling Point------- Atomic Number: 93 Melting Point- 910
Atomic Mass Neptunium (Man-Made) Structure: Complex Color: Silvery Neptunium was produced by E.M. McMillan USES Periodic Table

95 PU Plutonium (Man-Made) Boiling Point-3503 Atomic Number-94
Atomic Mass-244 Melting Point-913 F. Plutonium (Man-Made) Extracted From Uranium Ore Structure: Face centered cube Color, Silvery This Element was discovered secretly by Glenn Seaborg in 1940 with Wahl and Kennedy at Berkley and publicly reported in 1946. USES Plutonium is used in nuclear weapons and is used in space probe electricity sources. Periodic Table

96 AM Americium Boiling Point: 2880 Atomic Number: 95 Melting Point: 1268
Atomic Mass: 243 Structure: Face centered cubic Americium Color: Silvery White (Man-Made) This element was discovered by Glenn Seaborg in 1944 in Berkeley. USES Smoke Detector Periodic Table

97 Thermoelectric power and source
Boiling Point----- Atomic Number-96 CM Melting Point-1613 Atomic Mass-247 Curium Color: Silvery White Structure: Face centered cubic (Man-Made) Discovered by James, Seaborg, and Ghiorso in 1944 USES Thermoelectric power and source Periodic Table

98 bk berkelium Atomic mass 247 Atomic weight-247 Atomic number 97
Named after the University of California at Berkeley. Berkelium tends to accumulate in the skeletal system. Periodic Table

99 Cf Californium (artificial) Atomic weight-251 Atomic number 98
Atomic mass 251 Californium (artificial) Named after the state of California. It has a half life of 90 years. It is a radioactive rare earth metal. Periodic Table

100 Es Einsteinium (Artificially) Atomic number 99 Atomic weight-254
atomic mass 254 Atomic weight-254 Es Einsteinium (Artificially) Named in honor of Albert Einstein. Discovered In 1952 in the debris from a hydrogen bomb explosion. Periodic Table

101 fm fermium (Artificial) Atomic weight-257 atomic Number 100
Atomic mass-257 fermium (Artificial) Artificially created, the element was isolated in 1952 from the debris of a hydrogen bomb explosion by the American chemist Albert Ghiorso named after Enrico Fermi Periodic Table

102 MD Mendelevium (Artificial) Atomic number 101 Atomic weight-258
Atomic mass 258 Mendelevium (Artificial) Mendelevium is artificially created radioactive element. Discovered in 1955 and named after Dmitri Mendeleev. It has a half-life of 54 days. Periodic Table

103 No Nobelium (Artificial) Atomic weight-259 Atomic number-102
Atomic mass-259 Nobelium (Artificial) Nobelium is a radioactive metalic element named after Alfred Bernhard Nobel. It was discovered in 1957 and is not found in nature but is produced artificially in the laboratory. The properties of Nobelium are unknown and it has a half-life of a few minutes. Periodic Table

104 Lr Lawrencium (Artificial) Atomic weight-260 Atomic number-103
Atomic mass-260 Lr Lawrencium (Artificial) Lawrencium is an artificially created radioactive metallic element. It was discovered in 1961 and named after Ernest Lawrence. Periodic Table

105 RF Rutherfordium (Artificial) Atomic number-104 Atomic weight-261
Atomic mass-261 Atomic weight-261 RF Rutherfordium (Artificial) Rutherfordium is an unstable chemical element named after Ernest Rutherford. In 1969 it was synthesized according to a convention adopted in 1980 for naming elements 104 and beyond, however, the element was named unnilquadium. Periodic Table

106 Db Dubnium (Artificial) Atomic number-105 Atomic weight-262
Atomic mass-262 Atomic weight-262 Dubnium (Artificial) Dubnium is an artificial element that was discovered by Ghiorso. It was named after Duba, a northern suburb. Periodic Table

107 Sg Seaborgium (Artificial) Atomic number-106 Atomic weight-263
Atomic mass-263 Atomic weight-263 Seaborgium (Artificial) Seaborgium is an artificial element named after Glenn Seaborg. Discovered by Ghiorso. Periodic Table

108 Bh Bohrium (Artificial) Atomic number 107 Atomic weight 262
Atomic mass 262 Atomic weight 262 Bh Bohrium (Artificial) Bohrium is a synthetic element and is not present in the environment at all. The German discoverers proposed the name Nielsbohrium after Niels Bohr. IUPAC are happy to name an element after Bohr but suggest Bohrium on the grounds that the first name of a person does not appear in the names of any other element named after a person. Periodic Table

109 HS Hassium (Artificial) Atomic number 108 Atomic weight 265
atomic mass 265 Atomic weight 265 Hassium (Artificial) Hassium is a synthetic element that is not present in the environment at all. Periodic Table

110 MT Meitnerium (artificial) Atomic number 109 Atomic weight 266
atomic mass 266 Atomic weight 266 Meitnerium (artificial) Meitnerium is a synthetic element that is not present in the environment at all.There is no dispute concerning the name Meitnerium. Periodic Table


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