2 REQUEST OF HELP1093 ADAlexius Comnenus sent letter to Robert, Count of FlandersAsked for help against Muslim TurksThreatening ConstantinoplePope Urban II read the letter
3 Council of ClermontUrban II preached about importance of Crusades
4 CRUSADES Holy War - 4 main wars Goals Gain control of Jerusalem and Holy LandRid of Muslim ControlLasted 200 yrs - 50,000-60,000 soldiersIf you die, you go to heaven“God wills it”Economic and Religious motives
5 1ST CRUSADE 1095 – 1099 Against Seljuk Turks Defended Constantinople Gained control of JerusalemCrusader States est.Kingdom of Jerusalem est.
6 2ND CRUSADE 1145-1149 Muslims conquered Edessa Crusaders attacked DamascusFailedMuslims gain more control in Holy Land1187 – Muslims capture Jerusalem
7 3RD CRUSADE 1189-1192 King’s Crusade Phillip Augustus – France Frederick I - Holy Roman (drowned)Richard the Lion Hearted - EnglandPhillip and Richard arguedPhillip went home
8 RICHARD THE LIONHEARTED Charming and ruthlessCity of Acre (Muslim control)Attacked the citySlaughtered ALLSaladin (leader) watched from hillside
9 SALADIN Leader of Muslims Honest and Brave In control of Jerusalem Held off Richard and the 3rd CrusadeRemained on control of Jerusalem
10 4TH CRUSADEADPope Innocent III called for capture of JerusalemRecruited Italian and Byzantine leadersVenetians gained control of CrusadeAttacked Christian city of ZadarSacked Constantinople
11 LATER CRUSADES Spanish Crusade 10 Crusades total Reconquista Effort to drive out Muslim controlMuslim rule fell in 1492Isabella and Ferdinand in powerSpanish Inquisitiontortured Heretics (Muslims/Jews)Expelled all Muslims and Jews
13 EFFECTS OF CRUSADES Lessened the power of the Pope Weakened the NobilityThousands of Kings lost lives and FortunesIncreased trade between Europe and AsiaDeveloped Muslim hatred towards Christians
14 SHORT ANSWERS What did the Christians truly gain out of the Crusades? How does the hatred developed effect our society today?Muslims and ChristiansJews and Christians
15 Q&A What were the two main goals of the Crusades? Why did you automatically go to heaven if you died fighting?What was the results of the 4 main Crusades?What was the 3rd Crusade nicknamed, why?Why would Richard the Lionhearted be considered ruthless?What were the 5 effects of the Crusades?