4Mesopotamia Ancient Middle Eastern society here. AKA Fertile Crescent. It worked with the hydraulic civilization theory. Cities control farms, used food as a weapon to control the hinterlands (surrounding communities).Egypt prospered too back then.Judaism, Christianity, and Islam all spawn from this realm.
5Arabs and Ottomans and Jews Crusades were fought in the Holy Land.Christians vs. MuslimsArabs dominated much of this realm and still do.Arabs originated from Arabia.Ottoman Empire ruled most of this realm, fought the Arabs.Jews evicted from their lands by Rome.
6Welcome Back? Jews moved all over Europe and were persecuted by many. Jewish state came back into existence after WWII.Violence has happened there ever since.Extremist Muslims believe Israel should not exist and some states don’t recognize their government.
7Oil This realm produces more oil than any other. Over the last 100 years this has become the most important resource besides food.
8North Africa Egypt – 99% Live near the Nile River or the Coast. Tunisia - Home of the ancient Carthaginians.Libya – Qaddafi rules this country, Done good and bad things for Libya.
11Middle EastIraq – Mix of Kurds, Sunni, Shiite in one country spells trouble.Syria – Ruled by a minority dictator with harsh tactics.Jordan – has lost much territory from Israel by its creation and wars.Israel – Created in 1948, been in conflict since then. Have gained lands in Gaza, West Bank, and Golan Heights.
17Middle East and SW Asia Lebanon – Arab Democracy, but weak government. United Arab Emirates – Run by Absolute Sheiks, big oil producer.Saudi Arabia – Worlds largest Oil exporter.Iran – Theocracy state, Shiite majority.Afghanistan – Taliban fighting collation troops to run the country.
27South Asia Indus and Ganges River Valleys are hearth cultures. Buddhism and Hinduism spawn from this realm.Islam has a strong presence here too.Monsoons and Earthquakes are frequent.1 out of every 6 people on the planet are Indian.
28South Asia Nepal – Communist fight to take over the government. Sri Lanka – Civil War between Hindus and Buddhists. Tamils want separate state.India – Monsoons keep the country's population from famine.Pakistan – Islamabad is a forward capital (capital city placed near action or important area to keep pressure) near Kashmir.
33South AsiaBangladesh – Has nearly every major natural disaster happen within its borders.Maldives – over 1,000 islands, popular tourist area for Europeans.Bhutan – State religion is Buddhism, persecuted Hindus. King realized that democracy was the way to go, will change in 2008.