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**How to Use This Presentation**

To View the presentation as a slideshow with effects open in Internet Explorer and click on “Slide Show” at the bottom right browser window. To advance through the presentation, left-click the mouse or the press the space bar. From the resources slide, click on any resource to see a presentation for that resource. From the Chapter menu screen click on any lesson to go directly to that lesson’s presentation. You may exit the slide show at any time by pressing the Esc key.

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**Monday August 24th Overview**

Seating Chart Bellwork: Information Card My Introduction to Class Classroom Rules Classroom Consequences Discipline Writing Procedure Materials for Class How to Enter the Classroom Procedure Being Prepared for Class Procedure Heading on Every Paper Procedure Attendance Procedure Tardy Procedure Getting Class’ Attention Procedure Hall Pass Procedure Pencil Sharpening Procedure Asking a Question Procedure End of Class Procedure Homework Procedure: using agenda to record assignments Homework: Memorize Student ID Number and bring $15 Lab money (Checks to Leon High School). Student photo on Wed. George Washington Carver Red Tails Homework: $15 Lab Expense, Notebook, Tabs, 2 pencils or pens, Memorize Student ID #

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**Dr. George Washington Carver featured**

Bellringer: Read the first page of the George Washington Carver Story and answer these questions: What is George Washington Carver Most Famous For? In the Second Paragraph, What do you think happened to George’s Mother? What age was George when he started school? Why didn’t George go work in the fields with the others? What was George’s attitude about nature? Fascinating Facts Tuskegee Institute founded by Booker T. Washington Faculty Member Later Home of the Tuskegee Airmen 332 Fighter Group known as the “Red Tails”

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**Tuesday August 25th Overview**

Bellringer: George Washington Carver Story Questions See Extra Credit Projects Classwork: Getting to Know You; Introduction of Neighbor Lab Expense Collection Reinforce Getting Class’ Attention Procedure Introductions Course Syllabus Homework: Get Lab Fee in and Memorize Student ID, Sign last page of Syllabus, Join the List Serve, Label your notebook Tabs Appropriate to teacher My address: To be Covered Tomorrow Signing on my List Serve Set Up Notebook See how to Access Integrated Science Web Site See Chapter Resources available online Frame Notes: Scientific Method

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Classwork Read Article on George Washington Carver Use Complete Sentences to Answer the Items below 3. Write Three Things that surprised you in this article 2. Write Two Things you already knew 1. Write One question that you still have Begin Going Over the Science Fair Requirements

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**Chapter 1 Bellringer Section 1 The Nature of Science**

Even before you started this course, you knew a lot about science because science and its effects surround everyone in our society. To help you tap this knowledge, answer the items below. 1. The term science encompasses many areas of study. Name four branches of science and briefly describe the topics that are studied in each. 2. Computer technology has changed the way many tasks are completed today. Name three other technological advances that have occurred since 1900 that have changed our lives significantly. 3. Scientific laws such as the law of gravity govern our daily lives. Name two additional laws of science that govern our lives.

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**Wednesday August 26th Overview**

Nature of Science Bellringer Hall Pass Miniature Earth Model related to USA’s science and technology prowess Lab Monies 4th Hand in Medical Forms and Code of Conduct Checking Notebook and Dividers Hand in Signed Syllabus Sheet Gradebook Procedure Begin Going Over the Science Fair Requirements More Introductions Homework: Lab Monies, Notebook, Calculator, Labeled Tabs

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**Standardized Test Prep**

Resources Chapter Presentation Bellringers Transparencies Standardized Test Prep Math Skills Visual Concepts

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**Integrated Science II Chapter 1: Introduction to Science**

Quiz Bowl Review Chapter 1 Helps English Text Section 1 Section 2 Section 3 Spanish Intro Text Spanish section 1 Spanish section 2 Spanish section 3

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Chapter 1 Section 2 The Way Science Works Bellringer Your teacher has given you the following assignment: Investigate the impact on plant growth of adding various amounts of fertilizer to potted plants. Think about what you would need to do to be certain that the fertilizer was having the impact on the plant growth. Then answer the items below.

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**Bellringer: Fertilizer Plan Part I**

Chapter 1 Section 2 The Way Science Works Bellringer: Fertilizer Plan Part I Write out the four items that would be part of your plan to investigate plant height and fertilizer. Do not write out the items that will not help you investigate this particular connection. a. _______ Put one plant in a sunny windowsill and one in a dark corner. b. _______ Give plants the same amounts of water. c. _______ Give different plants different amounts of fertilizer without keeping track of which plant got extra fertilizer. d. _______ Use some new plants from seeds and some old plants that have been growing for months. e. _______ Start with plants that are the same size. f. _______ Keep all plants in a similar location. g. _______ Carefully note amounts of fertilizer each plant is given. h. _______ Keep one plant fertilized but with no water.

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**Chapter 1 Table of Contents Section 1 The Nature of Science**

Introduction to Science Table of Contents Section 1 The Nature of Science Section 2 The Way Science Works Section 3 Organizing Data

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**Extra Credit Reports (You may do only one)**

Report on Dr. George Washington Carver Fascinating Facts Report on The Tuskegee Airmen 332 Fighter Group better known as the “Red Tails” Should Intelligent Design be taught as an alternative to Evolution Look up the definitions for Serendipity and Providence and Compare and Contrast their meanings and value to Science

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Chapter 1 Section 1 The Nature of Science Objectives Describe the main branches of natural science and relate them to each other. Describe the relationship between science and technology. Distinguish between scientific laws and scientific theories. Explain the roles of models and mathematics in scientific theories and laws.

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**Thursday August 27 th Overview**

Bellringer: Fertilizer Part I BINGOO Read GWC Quotes Lab Monies, Notebook, Tabs, Calculator, Pen or Pencils Continue Introductions Homework: George Washington Carver Quotes Late Homework: Lab Money, Syllabus Signature Sheet 4th Period also needs Emergency Form and Code of Conduct Form

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**Tuesday September 1st Overview**

Bellringer: Fertilizer Part I Books Handed Out HW: Prepared for Class Quiz on Monday Have 2 Pencils or Pens Notebook with 5 Dividers Textbook Agenda Book Hall Pass Late Homework: Lab Money, Syllabus Signature Sheet 4th Period also needs Emergency Form and Code of Conduct Form

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**Homework: George Washington Carver Quotes**

Look at quote 1 and 12 and tell me in your own words how George Washington Carver (GWC) feels about education Look at quote 3, 8,14 and 16 and tell me in your own words what GWC feels are the keys to success and what causes most failures. What type of mind is describe in quote 5 and what type of mind should we develop in quote 13 and why. Look at quote 2 and 15 and tell me in your own words how George Washington Carver (GWC) feels about hate. Look at quote 4, 6, and 11 and tell me in your own words how George Washington Carver (GWC) feels about God. Pick your favorite quote and tell how it speaks to you.

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**Bellringer: Fertilizer Plan Part II**

Chapter 1 Section 2 The Way Science Works Bellringer: Fertilizer Plan Part II 2. Name at least five tools or supplies you will need to perform this experiment. 3. What quantities will be measured, and what units will you use to record these measurements? When Finished, Get out Book, Pencils, Notebook, Dividers, Agenda, and Hall Pass for Daily Grade. Begin looking at the Scavenger Hunt Page and fill it out as you can. Finally, be sure to read pps 1-11

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**Friday August 28th Overview**

Bellringer: Fertilizer Plan Part II Frame Routine: Nature of Science A Roller Coaster (Video) is an example of Which Branch of Science? The link to the video now requires a $600 subscription to join. The link for joining is . The original link for the roller coaster is

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**How Does Science Take Place?**

Chapter 1 Section 1 The Nature of Science How Does Science Take Place? Scientists investigate. Scientists plan experiments. Scientists observe. Scientists always test the results.

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**How Does Science Take Place? continued**

Chapter 1 Section 1 The Nature of Science How Does Science Take Place? continued Science has many branches. Biological science is the science of living things. Physical science is the science of matter and energy. Earth science is the science of the Earth, the atmosphere, and weather. Science is the knowledge obtained by observing natural events and conditions in order to discover facts and formulate laws or principles that can be verified or tested.

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Chapter 1 Section 1 The Nature of Science Natural Science

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Chapter 1 Section 1 The Nature of Science Biology

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Chapter 1 Section 1 The Nature of Science Physics

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Chapter 1 Section 1 The Nature of Science Earth Sciences

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**Monday August 31st Overview**

Bellringer: 5 Milestones of GWC from the Dr. George Washington Carver Fascinating Facts website Look at all the milestones and pick 5 that stand out for you and be able to tell why Hand Out Books Thieves today and tomorrow Homework: Read Section 1 and Answers Odd Questions 1-9 on Page 11 in Complete Thoughts Late Homeworks: Lab Fees, Syllabus Sign Page, Finish Scavenger Hunt

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**The Element of Thieves E=Every first sentence in a paragraph T=Title**

After reading the first sentence of each paragraph of section 1 on pages 4-11, what do I think this first section will be about? If time permits I will read the first sentence of each paragraph in sections 2 and 3. V=visuals and vocabulary How do the photographs, drawings, maps charts and graphs help me learn about this chapter? List the vocabulary words in the margins that you will need to know E=end-of-chapter questions While looking at the chapter review questions from pages 27-29, list 7 things that are important in this chapter. S=Summary After I review the summaries on pages 11, 19, 26 what do I understand and recall about thie topic covered in the summary? T=Title What is the title of Chapter 1 on page 2? What do I already know about the topic? What do I think I will be reading about? H=Headings What does the Green letter Heading on pages 4, 12, and 20 tell me I will be reading about? How can I turn these Headings into questions that are likely to be answered in the text? I=Introduction Look at the Focus activity on page 3. How does this page introduce the chapter? What do you think your grandparents would say was the scientific discovery that made the biggest difference in their lifetime?

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**Tuesday September 1st Overview**

Bellringer: The House Grade HW Show Grades Finish Notes on Section 1 Homework Answers Even Questions 2-8 on Page 11 in Complete Thoughts Tomorrow Classes meet in the Band Field

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**How Does Science Take Place? continued**

Chapter 1 Section 1 The Nature of Science How Does Science Take Place? continued Science and technology work together. Some scientists practice pure science defined as the continuing search for scientific knowledge. Some scientists and engineers practice applied science defined as the search for ways to use scientific knowledge for practical applications. Technology is the application of science for practical purposes. Link to Frame Routine Section 1 a Notes

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**Scientific Laws and Theories**

Chapter 1 Section 1 The Nature of Science Scientific Laws and Theories Laws and theories are supported by experimental results. Scientific theories are always being questioned and examined. To be valid, a theory must: explain observations be repeatable be predictable

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**Scientific Laws and Theories, continued**

Chapter 1 Section 1 The Nature of Science Scientific Laws and Theories, continued Scientific law a summary of many experimental results and observations; a law tells how things work Scientific theory an explanation for some phenomenon that is based on observation, experimentation, and reasoning

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**Comparing Theories and Laws**

Chapter 1 Section 1 The Nature of Science Comparing Theories and Laws

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**Scientific Laws and Theories, continued**

Chapter 1 Section 1 The Nature of Science Scientific Laws and Theories, continued Mathematics can describe physical events. A qualitative statement describes something with words. A quantitative statement describes something with mathematical equations.

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**Scientific Laws and Theories, continued**

Chapter 1 Section 1 The Nature of Science Scientific Laws and Theories, continued Theories and laws are always being tested. Models can represent physical events. A model is a representation of an object or event that can be studied to understand the real object or event. Scientists use physical and computer models to study objects and events.

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Chapter 1 Section 1 The Nature of Science Models

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**Physical, Mathematical, and Conceptual Models**

Chapter 1 Section 1 The Nature of Science Physical, Mathematical, and Conceptual Models Link to Frame Routine Section 1 b Notes

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**Wednesday September 2nd Overview**

Pendulum Lab – Changing which variable give the most dramatic change in the Time it takes for the pendulum to return to its starting position after being released (called the Period) Outcome: The Period (What we are interested in discovering) Variables that we can change: String Length, Weight, or Drop Height Test Variable: The one variable from the above list of variables that your group believes most affects the Period Time and you will change throughout the lab Control Variable: The two remaining variables that you will keep the same throughout the Experiment Check HW Answers to SR p 11 Odd Questions Available online on the next slide

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**Thursday September 3rd Overview**

Bellringer: Complete Lab Notes from yesterday. Begin Lab Report Go over Section Reviews Answers Complete Notes on Section 1 Homework: Finish Lab Report Be prepared for BINGOO on Section 1 Section 1 Quiz on Tuesday Online Source of the Lab Report Handout In a Word Document (I am not sure if you can access it) Click Here then click on the Lab Report with the Word Icon in front of it. me if you have any problems. As a Web Page

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**Answers to Section 1.1 Review Odd**

Chemistry is the study of matter and its changes. Physics is the study of forces and energy and their interaction with matter. 3. A guess or opinion is usually an unsupported statement. A scientific theory is one that has been repeatedly tested through observations. 5. A law does not attempt to explain why something happens; a theory does A model is used to study or make predictions about the object or situation the model represents. They are also used when an object or situation is too complex. Answers will vary

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**Answers to Section 1.1 Review Even**

2. Technology is the application of science. Improving technology involves someone finding a use for a scientific discovery. However some scientific discoveries cannot be made until the technology for making the necessary observations exist. 4. A scientific law states a repeated observation about nature. 6. Quantitative descriptions use numbers. Qualitative descriptions do not. 8. Instead of being disappointed Roetengen decided to experiment to find out more about his “failure.”

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**Friday September 4th Overview**

Bellringer: Prepare to Hand in your Pendulum Lab 3 Hole punch paper Staple Data Lab and Summary of Data page to Lab Place Lab in Red Tray on top of Scanner 4th period Hand out passwords Show effect of Lab and Quiz Grades If you make a 100 on both most you will have an A and some will have B’s for the class If everyone had a 40 on each, everyone would be failing So be sure to study hard and do good. Play BINGOO Section Review Game Homework: Study for Quiz which will be in the Media Computer Lab

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**Tuesday September 8th Overview**

Login to the Computer Call teacher over for assistance if you do not know login and password How to get to my website and how to get on the list serve Find Shortcut to ‘Coon on Leon MS-10’ on the Desktop Click into it, Find the Test Folder and click into it Click on ‘Ch1.1quiz.eot’ Chapter 1.1 quiz password ‘bingoo’ Next do ‘Short Final Exam.eot’ password ‘final’ Google George Washington Carver or Roentgen for extra Credit report Level I Game get it under 60 seconds before going to level II Homework: Read Section1.2 pp12-19 and Answer questions 2-5, 7 p.19 in complete thoughts

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**Wednesday September 9th Overview**

Bellringer: Write the notes about KWL from the Whiteboard and here KWL: K=Know (if you think you know but are not sure write in pencil not pen); W= What Questions do you Have; L = What did you Learn after you read it. Scan pages in Green Book or Purple Book Write a total of 10 things for the K and W sections before you read section (Can be 5 K’s and 5 W’s or can be 3 K’s and 7 W’s or any combination) Read the pages, and write 10 things you learned from reading in the Learn Section, KWL and Begin Tonight’s Homework Last Night’s Homework will be checked Tomorrow along with tonight’s Homework: (Section 1 Quiz Retake on Friday) Section Review p. 19 #’s 1,6 Chapter Review p.27 #’s 4, 5, 9 Begin Section 1.2 Notes

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**Chapter 1 Bellringer Section 2 The Way Science Works**

Place a Y besides items that would be part of your plan to investigate plant height and fertilizer. Place a N besides items that will not help you investigate this particular connection. a. _______ Put one plant in a sunny windowsill and one in a dark corner. b. _______ Give plants the same amounts of water. c. _______ Give different plants different amounts of fertilizer without keeping track of which plant got extra fertilizer. d. _______ Use some new plants from seeds and some old plants that have been growing for months. e. _______ Start with plants that are the same size. f. _______ Keep all plants in a similar location. g. _______ Carefully note amounts of fertilizer each plant is given. h. _______ Keep one plant fertilized but with no water.

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**Chapter 1 Bellringer Section 2 The Way Science Works**

2. Name at least five tools or supplies you will need to perform this experiment. 3. What quantities will be measured, and what units will you use to record these measurements? If you finish this early, be sure that Scavenger Hunt (Whole Book) and Element of Thieves (Chapter 1) Handouts are done from Friday Get out Book, Pencils, Notebook, Dividers, Agenda, Hall Pass and Above Handouts for ‘Be Prepared Quiz’. Next Read pp 8-11 starting with “Mathematics can describe physical events” heading

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**Chapter 1 Units of Measurement SI units are used for consistency.**

Section 2 The Way Science Works Units of Measurement SI units are used for consistency. Scientists use the International System of Units (SI) to make sharing data and results easier.

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**Thursday September 10th Overview**

Bellringer: Copy SI Base Units Table 1-1 p 16 (slide 47), and Common SI Units (slide 48) Review Homework Scientific Method King Henry Died bye Drinking Chocolate Milk Even Number problems p 17 if time Homework: Work the odd practice problems on page 17 And Read the Science Project Help Book

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**Answers to 1.2 Section Review**

Things that are commonly measured by Mass: solid food items, people, and mail; Volume: liquid food items, gasoline, air flow (exhausts fans and a/c units); Length: rope, distance, height. Scientific method is similar to critical thinking in that both involve thinking about a problem and checking details. A hypothesis is a possible answer to a question that can be tested. An example: “I can pass the test if I study at least 5 hours.” No experiment should be called a failure because an experiment that has unexpected results provides a chance to learn something new. Even now, there are scientific theories which have not been verified. In some cases these theories cannot be tested because the tools do not yet exists. An SI base unit is a single unit while a derived unit is a combination fo the base units. Base units include: seconds, meters, kilograms, kelvin, amperes, moles, and candelas. Examples of derived units are meters cubed (m3) or the newton (N), which is a kg*m/s2 . It is much easier to determine which factor your experiment depends on if you only check one factor at a time. If you change more than one thing and something unexpected happens, you will not know what caused the result.

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Chapter 1 Section 2 The Way Science Works Scientific Method

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Chapter 1 Section 2 The Way Science Works Objectives Understand how to use critical thinking skills to solve problems. Describe the steps of the scientific method. Know some of the tools scientists use to investigate nature. Explain the objective of a consistent system of units, and identify the SI units for length, mass, and time. Identify what each common SI prefix represents, and convert measurements.

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**Units of Measurement, continued**

Chapter 1 Section 2 The Way Science Works Units of Measurement, continued The table below shows SI prefixes for small measurements.

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**Units of Measurement, continued**

Chapter 1 Section 2 The Way Science Works Units of Measurement, continued SI prefixes are for very large and very small measurements. The table below shows SI prefixes for large measurements.

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**Conversion Shortcut King Henry Died (Bye) Drinking Chocolate Milk**

103 102 101 100 10-1 10-2 10-3 k h da d c m 1.6kg 5.1cA 550mm

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**Conversion Shortcut King Henry Died (Bye) Drinking Chocolate**

103 102 101 100 10-1 10-2 10-3 k h da d c m 1.6 kg 16 hg .51 dA 5.1 cA 550mm Move one decimal to the left to get the box one place to the left Move one decimal to the right to get the box one place to the right The number of spaces you move is the amount you change the decimal

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**Math Conversions p 17 Write 550 millimeters as meters.**

Write 3.5 seconds as milliseconds Convert 1.6 kilograms to grams Convert 2500 milligrams to kilograms Convert 4.00 centimeters to micrometers Change 2800 millimoles to moles Change 6.1 amperes to milliamperes Write 3 micrograms as nanograms.

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**Conversion Shortcut Write in Bellringer Section**

103 102 101 100 10-1 10-2 10-3 k h da d c m 550 mm 1.6 kg 6.1 amps

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**Conversion Shortcut Write in Bellringer Section**

103 102 101 100 10-1 10-2 10-3 k h da d c m 3.5 s 2500 mg 2800 mmol

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**Conversion Shortcut Answers**

103 102 101 100 10-1 10-2 10-3 k h da d c m 1.6 kg 16 hg 160 dag 1600 g 16000 dg 160000 cg mg kA hA daA 0.051 A 0.51 dA 5.1 cA 51 mA 550mm

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**Friday September 11th Overview**

Bellringer: Look at 1st page of Science Project Help Book Put stars by the Topic Categories you find the most interesting How to exit a computer test You must use the exit button Raise your hand Have teacher record your score Ch 1. Section 1 Retake password ‘xray’ Science Fair Packet read Frequently Asked Questions and Tips for Completing Your Project Possible Science Fair Questions Sample Research Paper Research Paper Outline Discuss with your teacher what you would like to research and with his approval, start to Google it.

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**Monday September 14th Overview**

Bellringer: Check your work to Practice on page 17 – be sure to include units 0.55 m 3500 ms 1600 g kg μm 2.8 mol 6100 mA 3000 ng Lab Notes on Experiments Be sure you understand how to conduct an experiment Brainstorm ideas on Science Fair questions Be ambitious (infrared bee project) No elementary school projects Research Lesson Wednesday in Media Center Homework: Have a science fair question ready for class tomorrow

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**Science Skills for Science Fair**

Chapter 1 Section 2 The Way Science Works Science Skills for Science Fair Critical Thinking Scientists approach a problem by thinking logically. Critical thinking is the ability and willingness to assess claims critically and to make judgments on the basis of objective and supported reasons.

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**Science Skills, continued**

Chapter 1 Section 2 The Way Science Works Science Skills, continued Using the scientific method The scientific method is a general description of scientific thinking rather than an exact path for scientists to follow. Scientific method a series of steps followed to solve problems including collecting data, formulating a hypothesis, testing the hypothesis, and stating conclusions

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**Science Skills, continued**

Chapter 1 Section 2 The Way Science Works Science Skills, continued Hypothesis a possible explanation or answer that can be tested Testing hypotheses Scientists test a hypothesis by doing a controlled experiment. In a controlled experiment, all the factors that could affect the experiment are kept constant except for one change. Variable a factor that changes in an experiment in order to test a hypothesis

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Chapter 1 Section 2 The Way Science Works Hypothesis

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**Controlled Experiment and Variable**

Chapter 1 Section 2 The Way Science Works Controlled Experiment and Variable

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**SI (Le Système Internationale d’Unités)**

Chapter 1 Section 2 The Way Science Works SI (Le Système Internationale d’Unités)

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**Science Skills, continued**

Chapter 1 Section 2 The Way Science Works Science Skills, continued Conducting experiments No experiment is a failure The results of every experiment can be used to revise the hypothesis or plan tests of a different variable.

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**Science Skills, continued**

Chapter 1 Section 2 The Way Science Works Science Skills, continued Using scientific tools There are many tools used by scientists for making observations, including Microscopes (light and electron) Telescopes (light, radio, infrared) spectroscopes particle accelerators computers

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**Friday August 31st Overview**

Leaf Blower demonstration Bellringer: Draw the Conversion Shortcut Table Go Over Fire Drill Procedure 4th Period Fire Drill Work the Conversion Shortcut Table as a group Go over page 17 using Shortcut Table Begin Units of Measure 1.2 Notes Review Certain Classroom procedures Homework: Have a great weekend

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Chapter 1 Section 2 The Way Science Works Math Skills Conversions A roll of copper wire contains 15 m of wire. What is the length of the wire in centimeters? 1. List the given and unknown values. Given: length in meters, l = 15 m Unknown: length in centimeters = ? cm

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**Chapter 1 Math Skills 2. Determine the relationship between units.**

Section 2 The Way Science Works Math Skills 2. Determine the relationship between units. Looking at the table of prefixes used for small measurements, you can find that 1 cm = 0.01 m. This also means that 1 m = 100 cm. You will multiply because you are converting from a larger unit (meters) to a smaller unit (centimeters) 3. Write the equation for the conversion. length in cm = m

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Chapter 1 Section 2 The Way Science Works Math Skills 4. Insert the known values into the equation, and solve. length in cm = 15 m length in cm = 1500 cm

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**Bellringer: Interpreting and Graphing Fertilizer Data**

Chapter 1 Section 3 Organizing Data Bellringer: Interpreting and Graphing Fertilizer Data Imagine your teacher asked you to study how providing different amounts of fertilizer affected the heights of plants. You perform a study and collect the data shown in the table below. Use this data to answer the items that follow.

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**Chapter 1 Bellringer, continued Section 3 Organizing Data**

1. Which amount of fertilizer produced the tallest plants? 2. Which amount of fertilizer produced the smallest plants? 3. Plot the data on a grid like the one below. 4. Describe the overall trend as more fertilizer is added to the plants.

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**Tuesday September 15th Overview**

Bellringer: Interpreting and Graphing Fertilizer Data Classwork: KWL pp 20-26 Each Student is to discuss with teacher their Science Fair Idea and be prepared to research topic tomorrow Cherrydale Fundraising Opportunity Homework: Read Section1.3 pp20-26 SR p26 1-4

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**Wednesday September 16th Overview**

Bellringer: Citing Resources Login find the Media link on the Leon Website Find the Resources link and use E-Library to discover articles or books for your science fair projects. Homework: Be sure you have a good Science Fair question for research

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**Thursday September 17th Overview**

Bellringer: Scan pages 20 – top 26; : KWL: K=Know (if you think you know but are not sure write in pencil not pen); W= What you Want to Know; L = What did you Learn after you read it. Write a total of 10 things for the K and W sections before you read section Read the pages, and write 10 most important things you learned from the reading Review Fertilizer Data Plot Engineering Science Fair Option- Problem instead of Question then Engineering Goal instead of Hypothesis Math Skills using Block Diagram Method Go over answers to 1.3 Section Review SR p26 1-4 Homework SR p 26 #’s 5-7

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**Units of Measurement, continued**

Chapter 1 Section 2 The Way Science Works Units of Measurement, continued Making measurements Many observations rely on quantitative measurements. Length a measure of the straight-line distance between two points Volume a measure of the size of a body or region in three-dimensional space Mass a measure of the amount of matter in an object Weight a measure of the gravitational force exerted on an object

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Chapter 1 Section 2 The Way Science Works Volume

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**Friday September 18th Overview**

Login to the Computer Call teacher over for assistance if you do not know login and password Click on and practice ch_1_section_2_review Check Homework next slide Continue working with Ms. David on Bibliographies We need to have Four Sources per person plus the International Science Fair Rules and Guidelines site Extra Credit Homework: Go to Challenger Learning Center for Free IMAX and Planetarium from 10 AM to 4 PM. Write a paragraph for each thing you see including demos If you have not taken the retake on Section 1 you may do so now Open Ch1.1 retake.eot Password ‘xray’ Go to the Free Day at Challenger Learning Center from 10 AM to 4 PM and write a paragraph on each of your experiences (1 point for IMAX; 1 point for Planetarium; 1 Point for Demonstrations Level I Game get it under 60 seconds before going to level II Level II game get it under 100 seconds before going to level III

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**SR 1.3 p26 #’s1-4 Line graphs are best for continuous changes.**

Pie charts show the parts of a whole. An example is the percentages of types of CD’s that make up a collection Accuracy is how close a measurement is to being correct. Precision is how small the smallest unit of measurement is. The correct answer is that both weigh the same. A reason for an incorrect answer might be that the batch of feathers would be much lighter than the same-sized piece of lead.

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**Monday September 21st Overview**

Correct Pendulum Lab for ½ credit See Grades on Easy Grade Pro Math using Block Diagram Method BINGOO Review Homework: Finish Lab Corrections and turn in Quiz on Ch 1 Section 2 tomorrow (last grade before progress reports)

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**Block Diagram Method 35 kg 1000 1 g kg**

Armando stepped on the scale in his doctor’s office and found out that his mass is 35 kg. What is his mass in grams? g 35 kg 1000 1 g kg

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**Math Skills Sheet Conversions**

64 L/y = ? mL/month 64 times 1000 divided by 12 = 5,333 mL/mo 64 L y 1000 1 mL 1 12 y L mo

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1 Math Skills Sheet On March 24, 1989, the Exxon Valdez struck a reef in Prince William Sound, Alaska Spilling 37,854,120 L of crude oil. What is the volume in milliliters?

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**Math Skills Sheet Conversions 2-5**

kg = ? Mg 90.76 s = ? ms 1000m = ? cm 5 µg = ?g 3000m = ?km

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**Math Skills Sheet Conversions 6-9**

20s = ?ks m = ?km 100mA = ?A 4301 m = ?km cm = ?m

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**Math Skills Sheet Conversions**

The purpose of the sport called flight archery is to shoot an arrow the greatest possible distance. On of the greatest distance achieved was 624 m. What is the distance in centimeters?

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**Math Skills Sheet Conversions**

m2 = ?km2 Hint: How many m2 = km2 To figure out the hint, look at square inches from square feet How many inches in a foot? 12 Then How many square inches in a square foot? 144 which is 12 squared How many meters in a kilometer? 1000 How many square meters in a square kilometer? Now square the 1000 meters so there is square meters in a square kilometer

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**Tricky when converting from Metric to English**

How much is 25 cm in inches? Conversion factor 2.54 cm = 1 in Divide 25 by 2.54 = 9.84 in. 25 cm 1 2.54 in cm

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**Tuesday September 22nd Overview**

Login to the Computer Call teacher over for assistance if you do not know login and password Take Ch 1 Section 2 Quiz password ‘nano’ If you have not taken Chapter 1.1 quiz or the 1.1 Retake you may do so now Ch 1 Section 1 Quiz password ‘bingoo’ Ch1 Section 1 retake.eot password ‘xray’ When finished quiz, go to my website, click on Form 1A and Research Plan link (bottom right) and fill out as much as you know. Save it to you’re ‘My Documents’ folder Bernoulli’s Principal Leaf Blower Lab October Sky Movie during my absence with its Quiz on Tuesday My Expectations for my Class with a Substitute Teacher

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Imagine your teacher asked you to study how providing different amounts of fertilizer affected the heights of plants. You perform a study and collect the data shown in the table above. Use this data to answer the items that follow. 1. Which amount of fertilizer produced the tallest plants? 2. Which amount of fertilizer produced the smallest plants? 3. Plot the data on a grid like the one to the left. 4. Describe the overall trend as more fertilizer is added to the plants. Plotting Data

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**Wednesday – Monday Overview September 23rd - 28th**

Watch October Sky ( A movie with a Science Fair Theme) and fill out the Movie Study Guide Treat the Substitute Teacher with Respect Friday Review answers after Movie Monday continue Review Be prepared for a Quiz or Test on October Sky Movie Tuesday Cherry Dale Fundraiser Due tomorrow Homework: Continue to locate sources for your Science Fair Research. Be ready to complete Bibliography on Tuesday in Computer Lab

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Imagine your teacher asked you to study how providing different amounts of fertilizer affected the heights of plants. You perform a study and collect the data shown in the table above. Use this data to answer the items that follow. 1. Which amount of fertilizer produced the tallest plants? 2. Which amount of fertilizer produced the smallest plants? 3. Plot the data on a grid like the one to the left. 4. Describe the overall trend as more fertilizer is added to the plants. Plotting Data

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**Wednesday September 5th Overview**

Bellringer: Fertilizer Data Begin 1.3 Notes Take up 4th and 6th Notebooks Homework SR 5-7 p 26

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Chapter 1 Section 3 Organizing Data Objectives Interpret line graphs, bar graphs, and pie charts. Use scientific notation and significant figures in problem solving. Identify the significant figures in calculations. Understand the difference between precision and accuracy.

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**Tuesday September 29th Overview**

Login to the Computer Call teacher over for assistance if you do not know login and password Go to the Test Folder inside of Coon on leon-ms10 folder and take the October Sky Movie Test password ‘sputnik’ Continue working with Ms. David on Bibliographies If you finish today receive an extra 10 points – tomorrow 5 points Due by Thursday – Friday minus 5 points We need to have Four Sources per person plus the International Science Fair Rules and Guidelines site If you have not taken the retake on Section 1 you may do so now Open Ch1.1 retake.eot Password ‘xray’ Level I Game get it under 60 seconds before going to level II Level II game get it under 100 seconds before going to level III

98
**Wednesday September 30th Overview**

Bellringer : Making and Interpreting Bar and Pie Graphs Show Grades Turn in CherryDale Fundraising Material Practice p 23 Writing Scientific Notation (Extra Practice) Practice p 24 Using Scientific Notation Practice p 25 Significant Figures (Extra Practice) Homework: Complete the Study Guide 1.3 (on the backside of the Bar and Pie Graphs page) Turn in Bibliography on Science Fair Topic

99
**Thursday October 1st Overview**

Bellringer: Making a Line Graph Turn in your Science Fair Bibliography All Fundraising Material in by Tuesday Class Work: Deciding Which Type of Graph is Appropriate Correct Last night’s homework Significant Figures Homework: Practice p 25 #’s 1-4

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**Practice p 24 1,2 Using Scientific Notation**

Perform the following calculations. (5.5 x 104 cm) x (1.4 x 104 cm) (2.77 x 10-5 m) x (3.29 x 10-4 m) (4.34 g/mL) x (8.22 x 106 mL) (3.8 x 10-2 cm) x (4.4 x 10-2 cm) x (7.5 x 10-2 cm) c. a. d. b.

101
**Friday October 2nd Overview**

Bellringer: Practice p 24 1, 2 Hand in Bibliography for – 5 Classwork: Notes and Practice p 23 Homework: Get your Bibliography in if you haven’t!!!

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**1 a-c Worked (5.5 x 104 cm) x (1.4 x 104 cm)**

=(5.5 x 1.4) x (104 x 104) x (cm x cm) =7.7 x cm2 = 7.7 x 108 cm2 (2.77 x 10-5 m) x (3.29 x 10-4 m) =(2.77 x 3.29) x (10-5 x 10-4) x (m x m) = x m2 = 9.11 x 10-9 m2 (4.34 g/mL) x (8.22 x 106 mL) =(4.34 x 8.22) x (100 x 106) x (g/mL x mL) = x (100+6) (g/mL x mL/1) =35.7 x 106 g = 3.57 x 107g

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**Practice p 24 Using Scientific Notation**

Perform the following calculations. (5.5 x 104 cm) x (1.4 x 104 cm) = (5.5 x 1.4) x (104+4) x (cm x cm) = 7.7 x 108 cm2 (2.77 x 10-5 m) x (3.29 x 10-4 m) = (2.77 x 3.29) x ( ) x (m x m) = 9.11 x 10-9 m2 (4.34 g/mL) x (8.22 x 106 mL) = (4.34 x 8.22) x (100+6) x (g/mL x mL) = 35.7 x 106 mL = 3.57 x 107 g (3.8 x 10-2 cm) x (4.4 x 10-2 cm) x (7.5 x 10-2 cm)

104
2a, d from Practice

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**Practice p 24 Using Scientific Notation**

Perform the following calculations. (3.0 x 104 L) ÷ 62s = (3.0 x 104 L) ÷ (6.2 x 101 s) = (3.0 ÷ 6.2) x (104-1) x (L ÷ s) = 0.5 x 103 L/s = 5.0 x 102 L/s (6.05 x 107 g ) ÷ (8.8 x 106 cm3) = (6.05 ÷ 8.8) x (107 ÷ 106 ) (g ÷ cm3) = x (107-6) g/cm3 = 0.69 x 101 g/cm3 = 6.9 g/cm3 (5.2 x 108 cm3 ) ÷ (9.5 x 102 cm) = (5.2 ÷ 9.5) x (108-2) (cm3/cm) = 5.5 x 105 cm2

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Chapter 1 Section 3 Organizing Data Scientific Notation

107
**Writing Numbers in Scientific Notation**

Chapter 1 Section 3 Organizing Data Writing Numbers in Scientific Notation Scientific notation is a method of expressing a quantity as a number multiplied by 10 to the appropriate power. Some powers of 10 and their decimal equivalents are shown to the right. Coon’s Rule: The power of 10 represents how far you move the decimal from its current position Positive powers move the decimal to the right Negative powers move the decimal to the left. The zero power doesn’t move the decimal at all. 103 = 1000 102 = 100 101 = 10 100 = 1 10-1 = 0.1 10-2 = 0.01 10-3 = 0.001 3.5 x 103 = 3500 3.5 x 10-3 =

108
**Practice p 23 1,2 Writing Scientific Notation**

Write the following measurements in scientific notation: m kg L m km kg Write the following measurements in long form: 4.5 x 103 g 6.05 x 10-3 m 3.115 x 106 km 1.99 x 10-8 cm = 8.0 x 108 m = 1.5 x 10-3 kg = 6.02 x 104 L = 9.5 x 10-3 m = x 106 km = 6.0 x kg = 4500 g = m = km = cm

109
**Writing Numbers in Scientific Notation, continued**

Chapter 1 Section 3 Organizing Data Writing Numbers in Scientific Notation, continued Using scientific notation When you use scientific notation in calculations, you follow the math rules for powers of 10. When you multiply two values in scientific notation, you add the powers of 10. When you divide, you subtract the powers of 10. Click on Slide Show on the Lower Left of Screen before proceeding to next slide

110
**Now Prepare to do the Quizzes**

Find Shortcut to ‘Coon on Leon MS-10’ on the Desktop Click into it, Find the Test Folder and click into it Click on ‘Ch1.3quiz.eot’ Chapter 1.3 quiz password ‘data’ Press end button when done Chapter 1 Review After completing 1.3 Quiz click on ‘New’ Click on Chapter 1 Review Password ‘review’ You may do this quiz as many times as you can to get a great grade and prepare for the Test on Wednesday When finished, Watch the Spaceport Video using your headphones

111
**Monday September 15th Overview**

Finish October Sky Movie and Study Guide Homework: Mixed Review Sheet Test on Wednesday: Chapter 1 (35% of Grade) Quiz on October Sky Movie from Study Guide Go over the rest of the Slides for this Chapter before the Test. Find questions you need to ask me for the review. Additional Chapter Study Guide from Internet. See how you would do. Additional Chapter Review from Internet.

112
**Tuesday September 16th Overview**

Bellringer: Chapter Review p 27 #’s 1-12 Checking Mixed Review Homework Significant Figures Poker Review Chapter Test Wednesday Homework is Study for the Test Review notes Check homework Go over Mixed Review Additional Chapter Study Guide from Internet. See how you would do. Additional Chapter Review from Internet.

113
**CR p27 # 13 Graph Temperature (°C) 100 90 80 70 60**

What is the highest temperature reached during the reaction? How many minutes passed before the highest temperature was reached? During what period of time was the temperature increasing at a near steady rate? Which occurred more slowly, heating or cooling? Temperature (°C) 50 40 30 20 10 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Time (min)

114
**Monday, October 5th Overview**

Bellringer: Answer Chapter Review Question # 13 p 27 Precision vs. Accuracy Notes Bibliography overdue Homework: CR p 27 #’s 6-8, 12, 14, 15-17

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Answers CR p 27 #13 Highest Temp reached at 69° C from book (or 70 ° C from slide) 3 minutes passed till highest temp. reached The first 3 minutes increased at near steady state Cooling occurred more slowly

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Chapter 1 Section 3 Organizing Data Significant Figures

117
**Using Significant Figures**

Chapter 1 Section 3 Organizing Data Using Significant Figures Significant figure a prescribed decimal place that determines the amount of rounding off to be done based on the precision of the measurement Precision and accuracy Precision the exactness of a measurement Accuracy a description of how close a measurement is to the true value of the quantity measured

118
**Using Significant Figures, continued**

Chapter 1 Section 3 Organizing Data Using Significant Figures, continued When you use measurements in calculations, the answer is only as precise as the least precise measurement used in the calculation. The measurement with the fewest significant figures determines the number of significant figures that can be used in the answer.

119
**Accuracy and Precision, part 1**

Chapter 1 Section 3 Organizing Data Accuracy and Precision, part 1

120
**Accuracy and Precision, part 2**

Chapter 1 Section 3 Organizing Data Accuracy and Precision, part 2

121
**Accuracy and Precision**

Chapter 1 Section 3 Organizing Data Accuracy and Precision

122
**Presenting Scientific Data**

Chapter 1 Section 3 Organizing Data Presenting Scientific Data Line graphs are best for continuous change. Line graphs are usually made with the x-axis showing the independent variable and the y-axis showing the dependent variable. The values of the dependent variable depend on what happens in the experiment. The values of the independent variable are set before the experiment takes place.

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Chapter 1 Section 3 Organizing Data Line Graph

124
**Wednesday September 10th Overview**

Read World’s Biggest Scientific Experiment article Finish Plant Fertilizer Data Chart Practice p 23 Writing Scientific Notation Practice p 24 Using Scientific Notation Practice p 25 Significant Figures Answers to HW Homework: Quiz tomorrow in Media Lab Study Guide 1.3

125
**Presenting Scientific Data, continued**

Chapter 1 Section 3 Organizing Data Presenting Scientific Data, continued Bar graphs compare items. A bar graph is useful for comparing similar data for several individual items or events. A bar graph can make clearer how large or small the differences in individual values are.

126
Chapter 1 Section 3 Organizing Data Bar Graph

127
**Presenting Scientific Data, continued**

Chapter 1 Section 3 Organizing Data Presenting Scientific Data, continued Pie charts show parts of a whole. A pie chart is ideal for displaying data that are parts of a whole. Data in a pie chart is presented as a percent.

128
**Wednesday September 17th Overview**

Ch1.1retake.eot Password ‘retake’ Chapter 1.2 quiz password ‘big bang’ Chapter 1.3 quiz password ‘data’ Chapter 1 Review Password ‘review’ You may do this quiz as many times as you can to get a great grade and prepare for the Test on Wednesday Next be sure you finished ‘Sample Final Exam.eot’ password ‘final’ Go to my website and Chapter 1 slide 107 Level I Game get it under 60 seconds before going to level II Level II game get it under 100 seconds before going to level III Reread World’s Biggest Scientific Experiment article and Google more about it for extra credit. Google George Washington Carver or Roentgen for extra Credit report Media Computer Lab Login to the Computer Call teacher over for assistance if you do not know login and password Find Shortcut to ‘Coon on Leon MS-10’ on the Desktop Click into it, Find the Test Folder and click into it Click on ‘Chapter_1_Test.eot’ Chapter 1 Test password ‘Carver’ When finished, Click Next and do October Sky October Sky Quiz Password ‘Sputnik’ Find Leon High School Shortcut and open it See your grades by clicking on Online Grades Login ID is your student ID and the password was given to you by your 2nd period teacher (come to me to get it if you don’t have it) Check for missing Quiz or Test Scores

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Chapter 1 Section 3 Organizing Data Math Skills Writing Scientific Notation The adult human heart pumps about L of blood each day. Write this value in scientific notation. 1. List the given and unknown values. Given: volume, V = L Unknown: volume, V = ? x 10? L

130
**Chapter 1 Math Skills, continued**

Section 3 Organizing Data Math Skills, continued 2. Write the form for scientific notation. V = ? x 10? L 3. Insert the known values into the form, and solve. First find the largest power of 10 that will divide into the known value and leave one digit before the decimal point. You get 1.8 if you divide into L. So, L can be written as (1.8 x ) L

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**Chapter 1 Math Skills, continued Then write 10 000 as a power of 10.**

Section 3 Organizing Data Math Skills, continued Then write as a power of 10. Because = 104, you can write L as 1.8 x 104 L. V = 1.8 x 104 L

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Chapter 1 Section 3 Organizing Data Math Skills Using Scientific Notation Your state plans to buy a rectangular tract of land measuring 5.36 x 103 m by 1.38 x 104 m to establish a nature preserve. What is the area of this tract in square meters? 1. List the given and unknown values. Given: length, l = 1.38 x 104 m width, w = 5.36 x 103 m Unknown: area, A = ? m2

133
**Chapter 1 Math Skills, continued 2. Write the equation for area.**

Section 3 Organizing Data Math Skills, continued 2. Write the equation for area. A = l w 3. Insert the known values into the equation, and solve. A = (1.38 104 m) (5.36 103 m) Regroup the values and units as follows. A = (1.38 5.36) (104 103) (m m) When multiplying, add the powers of 10. A = (1.38 5.35) (104+3) (m m) A = 107 m2 A = 7.40 107 m2

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Chapter 1 Section 3 Organizing Data Math Skills Significant Figures Calculate the volume of a room that is m high, 4.25 m wide, and 5.75 m long. Write the answer with the correct number of significant figures. 1. List the given and unknown values. Given: length, l = 5.75 m width, w = 4.25 m height, h = m Unknown: Volume, V = ? m3

135
**Chapter 1 Math Skills, continued 2. Write the equation for volume.**

Section 3 Organizing Data Math Skills, continued 2. Write the equation for volume. V = l w h 3. Insert the known values into the equation, and solve. V = 5.75 m 4.25 m m V = m3 The answer should have three significant figures, because the value with the smallest number of significant figures has three significant figures. V = 76.4 m3

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SR 1.3 p 26 questions 5-7 Convert the following measurements to scientific notation: 15,400 mm3 = 1.54 x 104 mm3 kg = 3.3 x 10-4 kg 2050 mL = 2.05 x 103 mL mol = 1.5 x 10-5 mol Calculate the following: 3.16x103 m x 2.91x104 m = 9.20 x 107 m2 1.85x10-3 cm x 5.22x10-2cm = 9.66 x cm2 9.04x105g ÷ 1.35x105 cm3 = 6.70 g/cm3 Calculate the following, and round the answer to the correct number of significant figures. 54.2cm2 x 22 cm = 1200 cm3 23,500m ÷ 89s = 260 m/s

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Answers to Practice p 23 1,2 Write the following measurements in scientific notation: m = 8.0 x 108 m kg = 1.5 x 10-3 kg L = 6.02 x 104 L m = 9.5 x 10-3 m km = x 106 km kg = 6.0 x kg Write the following measurements in long form: 4.5 x 103 g = g 6.05 x 10-3 m = m 3.115 x 106 km = km 1.99 x 10-8 cm = cm

138
**Scientific Notation Shortcuts**

One shortcut involves numbers larger than 9. Move the decimal point to the left and count the number of places it is moved until you get only one number to the left of the decimal. To change to 1.8 in the previous example, the decimal point is moved four places. The number of places the decimal is moved is the correct power of 10. L = 1.8 x 104 L The other shortcut is for numbers smaller than 1. When a quantity smaller than 1 is converted to scientific notation, the decimal moves to the right and the power of 10 is negative. Suppose an E. Coli bacterium is measured to be m long. To express this measurement in scientific notation, move the decimal point to the right six spaces m = 2.1 x 10-6 m

139
**Tuesday, October 6th Overview**

Bellringer: Writing Scientific Notation / Using Scientific Notation Go Over Homework Answers BINGOO Review Homework: Study for Section 1.3 Quiz tomorrow End of the Fundraiser – Return the forms and money Bibliography Rubric: 50 Points Total Heading an d Name(s) 5 points Early/Late 10 points Intel R & G site 5 points Enough Sources 5 points MLA Format 25 points

140
**Wednesday October 7th Overview**

Media Computer Lab Login to the Computer Call teacher over for assistance if you do not know login and password Go to Coon on Leon MS 10 folder Click on Tests Folder Select Ch 1 Section 3 Quiz Put in your name & Student ID Password is ‘data’ Minus 5 points if you need the paper test Correct your Bibliography and resubmit it for full credit Find Leon High School Shortcut and open it See your grades by clicking on Online Grades Login ID is your student ID and the password was given to you by your 4th period teacher (come to me to get it if you don’t have it) See if you are missing any quizzes or the Bibliography Make up your work now Chapter Test on Tuesday Chapter Test Study Guide

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Chapter 1: Review Sheet Section 1: Describe the main branches of natural science and relate them to each other. Describe the relationship between science and technology. Distinguish between scientific laws and scientific theories. Explain the roles of models and mathematics in scientific theories and laws. Section 2: Understand how to use critical thinking skills to solve problems. Describe the steps of the scientific method. Know some of the tools scientists use to investigate nature. Explain the objective of a consistent system of units, and identify the SI units for length, mass, and time. Identify what each common SI prefix represents, and convert measurements. Section 3: Interpret line graphs, bar graphs, and pie charts Use scientific notation and significant figures in problem solving. Identify the significant figures in calculations. Understand the difference between precision and accuracy.

142
**CR p 27 6,7,12, The quantity 5.85 x 104 m is equivalent to ________**

Which of the following measurements has two significant figures? g 500 mL 26.59 km 2.3 cm

143
**Which of the following measurements has two significant figures?**

500 mL 26.59 km 2.3 cm

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CR p Scientific Notation Write the following measurements in scientific notation: mg 0.005 km m kg Scientific Notation Do the following calculations, and write the answers in scientific notation: x ÷ 486 4.6 x 104 cm x 7.5 x 103 cm 8.3 x 104 kg ÷ 2.5 x 109 cm3 Significant Figures Do the following calculations, and write the answers with the correct number of significant figures: 15.75 m x 8.45 m 5650 L ÷ 27 min km x km 6271 m ÷ 59.7 s 3.5 x 103 x2.11 x 104

145
**Scientific Notation Practice (Basic Skill 2.2)**

Humans can hear sounds with frequencies up to Hz, while dolphins can hear sounds as high as Hz. Write these numbers in scientific notation. In meteorology, cm/h of precipitation is a mist, while 0.02 cm/h of precipitation is a drizzle. Write these numbers in scientific notation. Express the area and average depth of the Pacific Ocean in scientific notation. The area is km2, and the average depth is 4200 m. Write 1.47 x 103 m/s, the speed of sound in water, in standard notation. Write the diameter of an atom, 1x10-8 cm, in standard notation.

146
**The volume of a bottle has been measured to be 485 mL**

The volume of a bottle has been measured to be 485 mL. Use the terms significant figures, accuracy, and precision to explain what this tells you about the way volume was measured.

147
CR p27 8, 13, 14 The composition of the mixture of gases that makes up our air is best represented on what kind of graph? Pie chart Bar graph Line graph Variable graph Graphing The graph on the next slide shows the changes in temperature during a chemical reaction. Study the graph and answer the following questions: What was the highest temperature reached during the reaction? How many minutes passed before the hightest temperature was reached During What period of time was the termperature increasing at a steady rate? Which occurred more slowly, heating or cooling? Graphing Silver solder is a mixture of 40% silver, 40% tin, 14% copper, and 6% zinc. Draw a graph that shows the composition of silver solder.

148
**Dividing with Scientific Notation (Math Skills Sheet)**

In order for an object such as a satellite to continue orbiting the earth, it must travel at least 7.8 x 103 m/s. Suppose an object was observed traveling 9.39 x 104 m in 1.20 x 102 s. Would the object continue to orbit or burn up reentering the atmosphere? List the given and unknown values Given: distance, d = 9.39 x 104 m time, t = 1.20 x 102 s Write the Equation for velocity. v = d ÷ t Insert the known values into the equation and solve v = (9.39 x 104 m) ÷ (1.20 x 102 s ) Regroup the values and units as follows v = (9.39 ÷ 1.20)(104 ÷ 102)(m ÷ s) When dividing, subtract the powers of 10. v = (9.39 ÷ 1.20)(104-2)(m/s) v = x 102 m/s (Is this rounded to the right number of significant figures?) v = ?

149
**Thursday September 18th Overview**

Bellringer: Questions 5 and 6 from Math Review Test Tomorrow For Up to 15 points of Extra Credit: From memory or with the help of your Math book or teacher, write down a workable set of rules for adding and subtracting using scientific notation

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Power of 10 Internet Link Bellringer: As you watch each time the picture zooms in 10X’s or zooms out 10X’s write three things you found the most surprising about the changes. This link examines the Powers of 10 as it takes us from deep in space down into the smallest part known of an atom

151
**Thursday September 18th Overview Computer Lab**

Bellringer: Powers of Ten – 3 Surprises Read About the Science and Engineering Fair Begin to get your notebook in order Homework/Classwork: Design an Experiment for One Liter Bottled Water Rockets, where you determine the best amount of water to add to get the greatest height. All rockets will be pumped to the same pressure of air (90psi) and you will have 10 launches to discover the best amount of water. Place your design in the Lab section of the Notebook. Finish getting Notebook in Order

152
**Notebook Rubric Prd: ___ Name:____________ Score: ___**

Homework Tab Be sure Syllabus page is turned in, Lab Expense 8/27 Section 1.1; SR p 11; Odd questions 1-9 8/28 Section 1.1; SR p 11; Even questions 1-9 9/2 Section 1.2; SR p 19; #’s 2-5, 7 9/3 Section 1.2; SR p 19 #’s 1, 6; CR p 27 # 4, 5, 9 9/4 Odd Problems p 17 9/5 Study Guide Section 1.2 9/8 SR p26 1-4 9/9 SR p 9/10 Study Guide Section 1.3 Notes Tab 8/19 George Washington Carver 3, 2, 1 8/20 Frame Routine 1.1 Nature of Science 9/5 Even Problems p 17 9/5 Scientific Method Diagram 9/9 Fertilizer vs. Height Graph 9/10 Practice p 23 #’s 1, 2 Lab Tab (Empty) Handout Tab 8/27 Scavenger Hunt 8/27Elements of Thieves Syllabus in Front Bellringer Tab 8/18 Be Sure you turned in 5 by 8 information Card 8/19 Four Sciences, 3 Technologies, 2 Laws 819 George Washington Carver Questions 8/21 George Washington Carver Quotes 8/26 Fertilizer Experiment Part 1 8/27 Fertilizer Experiment Part 2 9/3 KWL pp Section 1.2 9/4 SI Tables 9/5 Conversion Shortcut / King Henry 9/9 KWL pp Section 1.3 9/16 Chapter Review p Each Item is 3 points for having it Add 10 points for Paying the Lab Fee

153
**Friday September 19th Overview**

Bellringer: Design an Experiment using the Scientific Method for One Liter Bottled Water Rockets, where you determine the best amount of water to add to get the greatest height. All rockets will be pumped to the same pressure of air (60psi) and you will have 10 launches to discover the best amount of water. Place your design in the Lab section of the Notebook. Be sure that you have covered these areas

154
**Designing Water Rocket Experiment**

Making Observations What model rocket launches have you seen before? How does the rocket get launched? How and where are we going to set up the experiment? Asking Questions How are we going to tell which rocket goes the highest? What would happen to the test results if we varied the air pressure? Forming a Hypothesis, your guess as to how much water will give the highest launch Testing Hypothesis Create a Data Table where you can organize your findings How can you get close to the truth soon so the final launches can give the best details to the question Analyzing Results How will you tell how much water to put into each successive launch as you get close to highest Drawing Conclusions How did the results compare with the hypothesis. Why was the correct amount of water the best? If a 2 Liter Bottle was used, what would be the best amount of water for that? Communicating Results – what will be the best way to get your results to the teacher?

155
**Wednesday September 24th Overview Slide 135**

Media Computer Lab Get together in Lab Groups and each of you answer the Water Rocket Lab Quiz; password: ‘Homer’ Each student print the results of this quiz Login to the Computer Call teacher over for assistance Find Shortcut to ‘Coon on Leon MS-10’ on the Desktop Find Leon High School Shortcut and open it See your grades by clicking on Online Grades Take any missing quizzes or tests Chapter 1 Test password ‘Carver’ October Sky Quiz Password ‘Sputnik’ Ch1.1retake.eot Password ‘retake’ Chapter 1.2 quiz password ‘big bang’ Chapter 1.3 quiz password ‘data’ Chapter 1 Review Password ‘review’ Next be sure you finished ‘Sample Final Exam.eot’ password ‘final’ Read About the Science and Engineering Fair Google Science Fair Project Ideas and see what you want to do for a project Level I Game get it under 60 seconds before going to level II Level II game get it under 100 seconds before going to level III Reread World’s Biggest Scientific Experiment article and Google more about it for extra credit. Google George Washington Carver or Roentgen for extra Credit report

156
**Protractor Angle degrees. (°)**

Rocket Lab: Team Name: ___________ Period: ____ Rocket Mass _____ in grams Rocket & Stand ______ - Stand ____= Rocket Mass Group Name or Launch # Pressure in Rocket (psi) Water in Rocket (ml) Time of Flight sec. (s) Protractor Angle degrees. (°) Observations

157
**Team Assignment Sheet Date: _____ Period: ___**

Team Name: _____________________ Team Leader: _____________________ Launch Director _____________________ Flight Director: _____________________ Data Officer: _____________________ Trajectory Officer: _____________________

158
**Friday September 26th Overview**

Yesterday was Rocket Launch Get in Teams and Plot your data on Graphs – One for each team member. Place it in Lab portion of notebook – I will take it up later for a grade with the rest of the report Team Leader assign one member to do protractor calculations with the conversion sheet that I give you. Keep the calculations and the Sheet. Watch more Inconvenient Truth and continue to fill out Study Guide Homework: Decide on 5 things you would be willing to do for a Science Fair Project and two other people you would be willing to work with (3 per team Maximum) Extra Credit: Go to Saturday Physics at FSU from 9:30 to 11:30 and watch the presentation on Physics of Waves in the large lecture hall (Room 101) at the east end of the Richards Undergraduate Physics Laboratory, located near the west end of campus (see campus map),

159
**Monday & Tuesday September 29th & 30th**

Continue ‘An Inconvenient Truth’ using the study guide. A Test will be given on it on Friday. Tuesday – Finish ‘An Inconvenient Truth’. Have discussions and go over the answers. Tomorrow we will transition to chapter two and continue with the Water Rocket Experiment.

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Quiz Answers 1. 7.7 x 108 cm2 9.11 x 10-9 m2 3.57 x 107 g 1.3 x 10-4 cm3 2 5.0 x 102 L/s 6.9 g/cm3 5.5 x 105 cm2 8.3 x 10-1 cm3

161
**Using Significant Figures Write in Note Section (Today’s Date)**

Precision: the degree of exactness of a measurement Sort these units of length from the least precise to the unit with the greatest precision. Centimeters Kilometers Megameters Nanometers Meters Millimeters Gigameters Micrometers Which tape measure would be more precise, the one marked to decameters or the one marked to decimeters? Significant figures: the digits in a measurement that are known with certainty Hint: Zero’s are only significant if they are sandwiched between other numbers Do 3 and then 4a. from handout Accuracy: the extent to which a measurement approaches the true value What if the decimeter tape had about 0.5 meters torn off. Which would suffer, its precision or its accuracy?

162
**Significant Figures Practice**

Round m, kg, and cm to four significant figures. Round m, cm, and kg to one less significant figure than they each have currently. Use the equation, A = l x w, to find the area of a rectangle that is 48.5 cm long and 3.77 cm wide. Round your answer to the correct number of significant figures. Use the equation, weight = mass x free-fall acceleration, to find the weight of a kg dog. Round your answer to the correct number of significant figures. 12.25 kg x 9.81 m/s2 = Multiply m x m x 8.7 m. Round your answer to the correct number of significant figures.

163
**Math Review Pages Scientific Notation Basic Skills**

Basic Skills SI Units and Conversions Basic Skills Converting Measurements

164
**Practice SI Units and Conversions Between them**

Convert 100 m, the length of a well-known track event, to kilometers. Convert 5.98 x 1024 kg, the mass of Earth, to milligrams, mg. If you reported how quickly energy was used, measuring energy in joules, J, and time in seconds, s, which unit would you use? Convert a force of N to units of g∙cm/s2. Convert the gravitation constant of x N∙m2/kg2 to N∙km2/g2

165
**Practice Converting Measurements**

In Canada, you pass a speed limit sign that says 75 km/h. How fast can you drive in mi/h? How many liters of milk are in 3.5 gal? How many meters long is a 100 yd football field? (Note that 1 yd = 3 ft.)

166
**More Math Review Sheets**

Math Skill Writing Scientific Notation Math Skill Using Scientific Notation Math Skill Significant Figures

167
**Answers Chapter Review p. 27**

1. d; 2. b; 3. a; 4. d; 5. c; 6. b; 7. d; 8. a; 9. c 10. Chemistry once thought to only belong in the non living world is now known to exist inside the living body 11. The sun sets repeatedly in the west and this statement does not try to attempt to say why so it is a law instead of a theory. 12. Since the measurement has been done to 3 significant figures it is known that the precision is to the milliliters. The accuracy is not known unless compared to a standard or calibrated.

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Chapter 1 Section 3 Organizing Data Concept Mapping

169
**Understanding Concepts, continued**

Chapter 1 Standardized Test Prep Understanding Concepts, continued 3. What is a scientific theory? A. A theory is a guess as to what will happen. B. A theory is a summary of a scientific fact based on observations. C. A theory is an explanation of how a process works based on observations. D. A theory describes a process in nature that can be repeated by testing.

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**Understanding Concepts, continued**

Chapter 1 Standardized Test Prep Understanding Concepts, continued 4. When designing a new airplane, experienced pilots use computer simulations to determine how changes from previous designs affect the plane’s handling in flight. What is the advantage of computer simulation over actually building the plane and having pilots test it in actual flight situations?

171
**Understanding Concepts, continued**

Chapter 1 Standardized Test Prep Understanding Concepts, continued 4. When designing a new airplane, experienced pilots use computer simulations to determine how changes from previous designs affect the plane’s handling in flight. What is the advantage of computer simulation over actually building the plane and having pilots test it in actual flight situations? Answer: The computer simulation provides a model of the new plane so that potential design problems can be corrected without risk to the pilots and without the expense of building an airplane that does not function well.

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**Chapter 1 Reading Skills**

Standardized Test Prep Reading Skills Two thousand years ago Earth was believed to be unmoving and at the center of the universe. The moon, sun, each of the known planets, and all of the stars were believed to be located on the surfaces of rotating crystal spheres. Motion of the celestial objects could be predicted based on the complex movement of the spheres that had been determined using observations recorded over many years. 5. Demonstrate why this description of the universe was a useful model to ancient astronomers but not to present-day astronomers.

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**Reading Skills, continued**

Chapter 1 Standardized Test Prep Reading Skills, continued 5. [See previous slide for question.] Answer: It was useful because it could predict motions of objects in the sky.

174
**Interpreting Graphics**

Chapter 1 Standardized Test Prep Interpreting Graphics 6. What is the volume of the gas 40 seconds into the experiment? A. 15 mL B. 24 mL C. 27 mL D. 50 mL

175
**Notebook – Syllabus First, Bellringer Tab**

Syllabus in Front Bellringer Tab 8/20 Be Sure you turned in 5 by 8 information Card 8/21 4 Sciences, 3 Technologies, 2 Laws 8/22 George Washington Carver 3, 2, 1 8/23 George Washington Carver Quotes 8/24 Fertilizer Experiment Part 1 8/27 Fertilizer Experiment Part 2 8/28 KWL pp Section 1.2 8/29 SI Tables 8/30 Even Problems p 17 Practice 8/31 Conversion Shortcut / King Henry 9/4 KWL pp 20-22 9/5 Fertilizer vs. Height Graph

176
**Notebook – Homework Tab**

Be sure Syllabus page is turned in, Lab Expense 8/27 Section 1.1; SR p 11; Odd questions 1-9 8/28 Section 1.2; SR p 19; #’s 2-5, 7 8/29 Section 1.2; SR p 19 #’s 1, 6; CR p 27 # 4, 5, 9 8/30 Practice Math Problems p 17 Odd questions 9/4 SR p26 #’s 1-4 9/5 SR p26 #’s 5-7

177
**Notebook – Notes Tab Frame Routine 1.1 Nature of Science**

Frame Routine 1.1 Nature of Science Continued Frame Routine 1.2 The Way Science Works Scientific Method Diagram Diagram 9/4 Frame Routine 1.2 Units of Measure 9/5 Frame Routine 1.3 Organizing Data

178
Notebook – Handout Tab Scavenger Hunt Elements of Thieves

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**Notebook Rubric Prd: ___ Name:____________ Score: ___**

Homework Tab Be sure Syllabus page is turned in, Lab Expense 8/27 Section 1.1; SR p 11; Odd questions 1-9 8/28 Section 1.1; SR p 11; Even questions 1-9 9/2 Section 1.2; SR p 19; #’s 2-5, 7 9/3 Section 1.2; SR p 19 #’s 1, 6; CR p 27 # 4, 5, 9 9/4 Odd Problems p 17 9/5 Study Guide Section 1.2 9/8 SR p26 1-4 9/9 SR p 9/10 Study Guide Section 1.3 9/16 Mixed Review Notes Tab 8/19 George Washington Carver 3, 2, 1 8/20 Frame Routine 1.1 Nature of Science 9/5 Even Problems p 17 9/5 Scientific Method Diagram 9/9 Fertilizer vs. Height Graph 9/10 Practice p 23 #’s 1, 2 Lab Tab (Empty) Handout Tab 8/27 Scavenger Hunt 8/27Elements of Thieves Syllabus in Front Bellringer Tab 8/18 Be Sure you turned in 5 by 8 information Card 8/19 Four Sciences, 3 Technologies, 2 Laws 819 George Washington Carver Questions 8/21 George Washington Carver Quotes 8/26 Fertilizer Experiment Part 1 8/27 Fertilizer Experiment Part 2 9/3 KWL pp Section 1.2 9/4 SI Tables 9/5 Conversion Shortcut / King Henry 9/9 KWL pp Section 1.3 9/16 Chapter Review p Each Item is 3 points for having it Add 15 points for Paying the Lab Fee

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Chapter 2 Measurement and Calculations GHS R. Krum.

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