2 Direct Variation y = kxn, n>0 k is the constant of variation The relationship between braking distance and car speed. As the speed of the car increases, the braking distance also increases at a constant rate
3 Ex 1 suppose y varies directly as x and y = 45 when x = 5/2 Find the constant of variation and write an equationUse the equation to find the value of y when x = 4
4 Ex 2When an object such as a car is accelerating, twice the distance d it travels varies directly with the square of the time t elapsed. One car accelerating for 4 minutes travels 1440 ft. Write an equation.Find the distance traveled in 8 minutes.
5 Ex 3If y varies directly as the square of x and y = 30 and x = 4, find x when y = 270.
6 Inverse Variation (Inversely proportional) As one value increases the other decreases.When you travel to a higher elevation above Earth’s surface, the air temperature decreases.
8 Ex 4 If y varies inversely as x and y = 14 when x =3, find x when y = 30.
9 Joint Variation – when one quantity varies directly as the product of two or more other quantities. y = kxnzn where x and z cannot = 0 and n > 0
10 Ex 5In Physics, the work W done in charging a capacitor varies jointly as the charge q and the voltage V. Find the equation of joint variation if a capacitor with a charge of coulomb and a voltage of 100 volts performs 0.20 joule of work.