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3.1 Symmetry & Coordinate Graphs

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Point symmetry – two distinct points P and P are symmetric with respect to point M if and only is M is the midpoint of When the definition is extended to a set of points, such as a graph of a function, then each point P in the set must have an image point P that is also in the set. A figure that is symmetric with respect to a given point can be rotated 180 degrees about that point and appear unchanged.

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Symmetry with respect to the origin. A function has a graph that is symmetric with respect to the origin if and only if f(-x) = -f(x) for all x in the domain of f.

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Ex 1 Is each graph symmetric with respect to the origin?

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Line symmetry Two points P and P are symmetric with respect to a line l if and only if l is the perpendicular bisector of A point P is symmetric to itself with respect to line l if and only if P is on l. Graphs that have line symmetry can be folded along the line of symmetry so that the two halves match exactly. Some graphs, such as the graph of an ellipse, have more than one line of symmetry. Common lines of symmetry: x-axis, y-axis, y = x and y = -x.

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Ex 2 Determine whether the graph of x 2 + y = 3 is symmetric with respect to the x-axis, y-axis, the line y = x, the line y = -x, or none of these.

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Ex 3 Determine whether the graph is symmetric with respect to the x-axis, y-axis, both or neither.

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Even functions – graphs that are symmetric with respect to the y-axis. f(-x) = f(x) Odd functions – graphs that are symmetric with respect to the origin. f(-x) = -f(x)

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Ex 4 Copy and complete the graph so that it is an odd function and then an even function.

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