Presentation on theme: "Monarchy of Hawaii Randall Pilanca - Russell Period 6 Mr. Karkheck."— Presentation transcript:
Monarchy of Hawaii Randall Pilanca - Russell Period 6 Mr. Karkheck
The Monarchy Kamehameha I Kamehameha II Kamehameha III Kamehameha IV Kamehameha V King David Kalakaua Queen Kaahumanu Queen Lili'uokalani
Kamehameha I He was present at Kealakekua when Captain Cook's ships anchored there. With the Big Island, Hawaii, safely in his hand, he set out to conquer the leeward islands, moving through Maui, Lanai and Molokai. To take O'ahu, he built an immense fleet of canoes to transport his warriors.
Kamehameha II A great contrast from his father, Liholiho (Kamehameha II) was 22 years old when he became King. In 1823, Kamehameha II, Queen Kamamalu and a few chiefs and women sailed to England.
Kamehameha III Kauikeaouli, the last son of Kamehameha the Great to rule, ascended the throne while he was ten years old, upon the death of his older brother. He was King at a most difficult period in Hawaii's history.
Kamehameha IV He was the first grandson of Kamehameha the Great to become King of Hawaii. Many foreign residents did not wish to become citizens of Hawaii but wanted to be able to vote in elections. They wanted political power to safeguard their interests and would have preferred that common Hawaiians remain vote less.
Kamehameha V Brother to Kamehameha IV, Lot Kamehameha was the final direct descendant of Kamehameha the Great to sit on Hawaii's throne and the last Hawaiian monarch to reign in the old style. The Civil War had cut the Union off from Southern sugar and so there was a great demand from the North for sugar. Lot never married and had no child, and died without naming a successor.
King David Kalakaua King David Kalakaua was elected by the Hawaiian Legislature of 1874 amid scenes of violence and indignity. He maintained a policy of filling administrative posts with Hawaiians wherever possible, a practice that did little to calm the fears of American businessmen who had supported him against Queen Emma. Toward the end of his reign, his cabinet was overthrown, a new constitution deprived him of almost all his power, and an ill-fated insurrection took place favoring the abdication of Kalakaua.
Queen Kaahumanu She was Kamehameha the Great's favorite wife. A bold and intelligent woman, she served as kuhina-nui (premier sharing of kingly power) for Kamehameha II and as regent for Kamehameha III. In old Hawaii, women were second-class citizens, more severely handicapped by endless kapus than the men of any class. With the overthrow of the kapu system, she was free to exercise her political authority.
Queen Lili'uokalani She was already leading the nation as regent when King Kalakaua died in San Francisco. Lili'uokalani announced her intention to promulgate a new constitution which would restore the power of the monarchy. A Committee of Safety was formed by prominent annexationists.
Births and Deaths Kamehameha I (b.1750, d.1819) Kamehameha II (b. 1797, d. 1824) Kamehameha III (b. 1814, d. 1854) Kamehameha IV (b. 1834, d. 1863) Kamehameha V (b. 1830, d. 1872) King David Kalakaua (b. 1836, d. 1891) Queen Kaahumanu (b. 1772, d. 1832) Queen Lili'uokalani (b. 1838, d. 1917)