Presentation on theme: "Monarch Butterflies for Third Graders Josefa Vickey Palolo Elementary."— Presentation transcript:
Monarch Butterflies for Third Graders Josefa Vickey Palolo Elementary
Standards SC Pose a question and develop a hypothesis based on observations SC Compare distinct structures of living things that help them to survive SC Describe the relationship between structure and function in organisms LA Use oral language to obtain information, complete a task, and share ideas M Interpret data and state what the representation shows about the data
Observations Students were reading a selection of books from the classroom library. A student who read a book about insects commented that caterpillars become butterflies. Another student said, I have butterflies in my yard. Another one said he did too. More discussion continued between the students about butterflies and caterpillars. I gathered the class together on the carpet and continued the discussion about butterflies as I wrote on chart paper under KWL.
After school when I got home I got a container and walked down the sidewalk to this milkweed plant near the road. I found 4 caterpillars. I took them to class the next morning and set the container on the table. As the students walked into the classroom, they noticed the container and walked over to see what was inside. They began talking and asking questions about the caterpillars, their size, shape, color, body parts and the food they eat.
Research Question How does a caterpillar become a butterfly?
Nonfiction and fiction books about caterpillars and butterflies: Insects by Alice Fields, Where Butterflies Grow by Joanne Ryder Helpful resources on the internet: archs/http://warrensburg.k12.mo.us/webquest/mon archs/
Hypothesis If you observe a caterpillar for several weeks then you will see the changes it goes through to become a butterfly because butterflies go through a life cycle.
Materials 4 Caterpillars, 2 containers, moist milkweed leaves, twigs, nectar (juicy fruits), caterpillar and butterfly books, paper, pencils, markers, journal, chart paper and magnifying lenses. Subjects 4 Caterpillars
Procedures Each morning observe what is happening with the caterpillars. Record in your daily journal what you see in the container. Illustrate your findings. Compare and contrast from day to day what stage each caterpillar is in. In your group share and discuss your writings and illustrations. Read several books and take notes as you research butterflies.
Use the internet to gather information about the stages of the caterpillar and butterfly. In your groups write on chart paper under KWL what you learned about butterflies. Share with the class your findings. Draw the four stages of the butterfly life cycle and label it. Keep a folder of all your work. Make a graph of how long it took each caterpillar chrysalis to emerge into a butterfly.
See Through Chrysalis
Team Dragons Work
What do we know now?
Team Lion Work
A Hard Working Teams Work
A Butterfly Game
A Great Game! Butterfly Circle
Who Moves Next?
Some of our projects
A Job Well Done!
Graphing how long it takes to become a butterfly.
More Graphing Results
Stages of the life cycle The Egg
Stages of the life cycle The Larva
Stages of the life cycle J - Form of the Larva
Stages of the life cycle Chrysalis
Stages of the life cycle Another Chrysalis
Stages of the life cycle See Through Chrysalis
Stages of the life cycle Emerging from the Chrysalis
Stages of the life cycle Exiting the Chrysalis
Stages of the life cycle Completely outside the Chrysalis
Stages of the life cycle Ready to Fly!
Discussions and Conclusions
If you observe caterpillars for several weeks then you will see metamorphosis take place because they change in the chrysalis into a butterfly. Female butterflies lay tiny eggs that in a few days hatch into larva (caterpillar). Then they eat a lot of milkweed leaves. They grow and shed their skin. They continue to grow to about 2inches. Then they make a silk web on the leaf or container and hang in a J form. Soon it is a cocoon (chrysalis). After about a week, it emerges into a beautiful butterfly.
Our results show that caterpillars become butterflies after being in a cocoon (chrysalis) for about 8-9 days. They go through a life-cycle called metamorphosis. Based on our results, we will retain our hypothesis. This study shows the changes that some insects/animals go through during their life cycle.
Next Step We will research to find other insects or animals that go through metamorphosis. We plan to study tadpoles and frogs. We will share our findings with our family and friends.
Reflections I will gather butterfly eggs or keep the butterflies until they lay eggs so the students see the entire life cycle in the classroom. I will have each caterpillar in its own container. I will label each container. The students will be able to label their results and illustrations in a more organized way.