3Desired Outcomes Awareness of the UbD philosophy and framework. Awareness of science teaching philosophy and beliefs.Development of a UbD unitDevelopment of Big Ideas and Essential Questions.
4What does good science teaching look like? How do students learn science?Have groups chart their answers to the questions on two different sheets.Share back responses to main group and highlight similar responses.The lists demonstrate our beliefs on teaching and learning science. The beliefs will help to guide us and support what we do in the classroom.
5Facts or Critical Thinking Skills? What NAEP Results Say Read the 1st two paragraphsTurn to a partner and talkWhat was the main idea of the article?What are the implications for what we do in our classroom?
6What is UbD? Backwards design model Follows the research in NAEP report to improve student performanceBased on teaching for understanding rather then memorization“Not the only or best way to teach, but its another way or strategy to use in improving student achievement”.
7We Learn About… 10% of what we READ 20% of what we HEAR 30% of what we SEE50% of what we both SEE & HEAR70% of what we DISCUSS80% of what we EXPERIENCE95% of what we TEACH
8Understanding vs. Knowing Understanding is a mental construct, an abstraction made by the human mind to make sense of many distinct pieces of knowledge.Understanding is the ability to connect knowledge/facts. Person is able to relate individual knowledge/facts.Understanding is about transfer.Bloom: Understanding is the ability to marshal skills and facts wisely and appropriately, through effective application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation. Doing something correctly, therefore, is not, by itself, evidence of understanding. It might have been an accident or done by rote. To understand is to have done it in the right way, often reflected in being able to explain why a particular skill, approach, or body of knowledge is or is not appropriate in a particular situation.
9Understanding vs. Knowledge FactsGroup of related factsVerifiable claimsRight or wrongI know something to be trueI respond on cue with what I knowUnderstandingThe meaning of factsThe “theory” that provides coherence and meaning to those factsFallible, in-process theoriesA matter of degree or sophisticationI understand why it is, what makes it knowledgeI judge when to and when not to use what I knowFacts forgottenCoverage is ineffective. It leaves us with only easily confused or easily forgotten facts, definitions, and formulas to plug into rigid questions that look just like the ones we covered.Human anatomy study compared to memorization of non-sensical syllables.
10Understanding Pieces of a puzzle Tile analogy.Tiles represent factsUnderstanding is the pattern of many tilesWords vs. StorySports example of drills vs. Game
11What are Big Ideas?A linchpin that is essential for “holding together” related content knowledge.Central to coherent connections in a subject and an anchor for making facts understandable and useful.
12What are Big Ideas for?Connect the dots for the learner by establishing learning priorities.Without Big Ideas, students are easily left with forgettable fragments of knowledge.Provides:Conceptual “lens” for area of studyBreadth of meaning by connecting and organizing factsA focus on the heart of the subjectAbility to transfer knowledge/facts
13Features of a Big IdeaEnables learner to make connections between prior and future knowledgeHelps to connect facts and knowledgeFocuses instruction to a level that allows for connective instruction“Not just another fact or vague abstraction but a conceptual tool for sharpening thinking, connecting discrepant pieces of knowledge, and equipping learners for transferable applications.”
14Kernel of Understanding Worth being familiar withImportant to know and doBig Ideas and Enduring Understandings
15Big Idea Levels:There can be several levels of Big Ideas based on its purpose:AreaCourseUnitLessonBig Idea should be at or near the appropriate level for its purpose.
16Big Idea Levels: Area Course Course Course Course Unit Unit Unit Unit
17Big Idea Levels: Area Human Systems Course Unit Life Science Human AnatomyRespirationInterdependenceHuman SystemsRespiration System – Oxygen/carbon
18Big Idea Unit Examples: A balanced diet contributes to physical and mental health.Ecosystems have limited resources to sustain a balanced population.Novelist often use fiction to provide insights about human experience.Statistics can be manipulated to obscure the truth.
19Big Idea Activity Building Consensus In mixed groups, look at each of the eight science standards.Create Big Ideas for each of the standards.The standards are K-12.
21Targets Where are we going? “Form follows function…We must be able to state with clarity what the student should understand and be able to do as a result of any plan and irrespective of any constraints we face.”“If you don’t know where you’re going, any road will get you there.”“Too many teachers focus on the teaching and not the learning. They spend most of their time thinking, first about what they will do rather then first considering what the learner will need in order to accomplish their learning goals.”
23Big Ideas Useful in clustering benchmarks Can be derived from Course-level Big IdeasHelps to keep focus on the purpose of the instruction
24Essential QuestionsEQ is a way to connect content/facts in an engaging and thought provoking way.Centered on the Big IdeasAllows students to apply their skills while addressing the Big Ideas
25Good Essential Questions… Spark meaningful connections to prior knowledge and current content.Allows students to “uncover” the real riches of a topic.Highlight the Big IdeasServe as doorways through which learners explore the key concepts.
26Essential Questions Examples: In what ways is algebra real and in what ways is it unreal?Must heroes be flawless?What are the strengths and limits of the Big Bang theory?How are form and function related in Biology?
27Skills and ContentIdentify specific Skills and knowledge that the students will learn and use in the unit.Be specific: What will students know and be able to do?Benchmark deconstruction
28Stage 1 Alignment Benchmark Label each Big Idea and Essential Question with the benchmark that it addresses.For example:Big Idea: Energy flows though the environment 7.3.1Essential Question: How are the biotic and abiotic factors on the environment related? 7.3.1