Presentation on theme: "Howard Gardners: Multiple Intelligences Presented to you by the: Jr. Gifted and Talented Class 2003-2004."— Presentation transcript:
Howard Gardners: Multiple Intelligences Presented to you by the: Jr. Gifted and Talented Class
Title Page and Table of Contents……..1-2 Introduction……..3-6 Verbal/Linguistic Intelligence…… Logical/Mathematical Intelligence…… Visual/Spatial Intelligence…… Bodily/Kinesthetic Intelligence…… Musical/Rhythmic Intelligence…… Interpersonal Intelligence…… Intrapersonal Intelligence…… Bibliography…… Credits……
The theory of multiple intelligences is Howard Gardners theory that proposes that people are not born with all of the intelligence they will ever have. It says that intelligence can be learned throughout life. Also, it claims that everyone is intelligent in at least seven different ways and can develop each aspect of intelligence to an average level of competency. Intelligence, as defined by Gardner, is the ability to solve problems or fashion products that are valuable in one or more cultural settings.
The 7 intelligences included in Gardners theory are: *Verbal/ Linguistic *Visual/ Spatial *Interpersonal *Musical/ Rhythmic *Logical/ Mathematical *Intrapersonal *Bodily/ Kinesthetic
There are 8 Criteria for Defining Multiple Intelligences: *Each of the intelligences can potentially be isolated by brain damage. *Each of the intelligences exists in exceptional people (savants or prodigies). *Each of the intelligences has a process of developing during normal child development and has a peak end-state performance. *Each of the intelligences is evidenced in species other than human beings. *Each of the intelligences has been tested using various measures not necessarily associated with intelligence. *Each of the intelligences can work without the others being present. *Each of the intelligences has a set of identifiable operations. *Each of the intelligences can be symbolized or has its own unique symbol or set of symbols.
The theory of multiple intelligences has encouraged the idea that a person is not born with all the intelligence they will ever possess. In the rest this slide show, each of the intelligences will be explained to give you a better understanding of Howard Gardners theory.
~*Linguistic Intelligence*~ Linguistic Intelligence (Word Smart) is the capacity to use language, your native language, and perhaps other languages, to express what's on your mind and to understand other people. Gardner's Definition: Criteria Used for Linguistic Intelligence Can understand words and manipulate the structure of language Has highly developed communication skills including writing, speaking, and story-telling Knows and correctly uses rules of grammar Enjoys reading, writing, and speaking Has a large vocabulary This person learns best by: Saying, hearing, and seeing words Writing Talking Reading
Author Journalist Poet Playwright Radio Announcer Speech Pathologist (one who interprets) Typist Novelist Comedian Politician Orator Actor Curator These people would do well in these careers.
Famous People With Linguistic Intelligence William Shakespeare Edgar Allen Poe Earnest Hemmingway F. Scott Fitzgerald Emily Dickinson Agatha Christie T.S. Eliot Rudyard Kipling
Activities These People Would Enjoy Book reporting Telling jokes Writing words Reading Journal writing Speaking Letter writing Storytelling Discussing Creative writing Debating Persuading
Logical-Mathematical Intelligence Logical-mathematical intelligence is the capacity to use numbers effectively and reason well. Someone who has this kind of intelligence is able to see cause and effect really well; also, they are able to identify a problem and solve it right there on the spot. People with this intelligence think by reasoning, and they love experimenting, questioning, figuring out logical puzzles, and calculating.
What kinds of processes are used in the logical-mathematical intelligence sequence? Categorization Classification Inference Generalization Calculation Hypothesis testing
Famous Mathematicians Einstein Pythagoras Newton Pascal Archimedes Euclid Copernicus Plato Galileo Aristotle
Analyzing Categorizing Formulas Logic Games Numbers Outlining Patterns Problem Solving Reasoning Time Lines Synthesis Sequencing Rational Thinking Scientific Thinking Venn Diagrams Statistics Activities
What is spatial intelligence? Spatial intelligence is the brains ability to perceive and interpret visual stimuli. In other words, its how our minds process what we see. Although not very recognized, spatial intelligence is very important in the arts and in everyday life.
Why is spatial intelligence important? The way that we visually perceive and interpret the world around us is an important quality to have. In the arts, the ability to transfer a vision to a painting, sculpture, or film is a key quality. Careers such as architecture, require a person to transfer a vision of a structure into a blueprint. Spatial intelligence is even used by average people to remember small, but important facts; like how to travel from your school to your house. Everyone uses spatial intelligence in everyday life.
Possible Careers Advertising Agent Architect Cartographer(Ma p Maker) Drafter Engineer Fine Artist Graphic Designer Fashion Designer Interior Designer Inventor Painter Photographer Pilot Sculptor Surveyor Urban Planner
Famous People With High Spatial Intelligence Leonardo Da Vinci Pablo Picasso Spike Lee Vincent Van Gogh Frank Lloyd Wright (architect) Steven Spielberg Ansel Adams (photographer) Amelia Earhart Auguste Rodin (sculptor) Robert Fulton (inventor) Michelangelo
What is Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence? It is expertise in using ones whole body to express ideas and feelings. Examples: acting, dancing, sports, and using body language It is the ability to use ones hands to produce or transform things. Examples: sculpting clay and hands-on learning
Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence Love Dancing Running Jumping Building Touching Gesturing Need Role play Drama Movement Things to build Sports and physical games Tactile (touchable) experiences Hands-on learning Thinking through physical sensations
Other Activities that Would be Enjoyed Acting Charades Collections Demonstrations Experiments Field Trips Gymnastics Impersonations Inventing Martial Arts Miming Puppetry Visiting Exercise
Possible Career Choices Actor Athlete Carpenter Choreographer (creates and arranges dances) Craftsman Dancer Farmer Forest Ranger Inventor Jeweler Mechanic Mime P.E. Teacher Physical Therapist Recreational Director Actress
Babe Ruth Jim Thorpe Kristi Yamaguchi Mickey Mantle Thomas Edison Isadora Duncan Cincinnatus Fabergè Wilbur Wright Orville Wright
What is Musical Intelligence? Being musically intelligent means that you are able to distinguish the sounds around you and that you have the ability to make your own melodies. Even if you are only singing a song or making music, you are using your musical intelligence! If you are musically intelligent, you are able to: Perceive Discriminate Transform Express All kinds of musical forms
Types of Musical Intelligence Figural and Formal (top-down) ( bottom-up) This means that you This means that you are very intuitive about analytic and technical the nature of music and about music and its its creation. creation. *Anyone can have either both or one of these forms *
Careers This will give you just a taste for the jobs available in this growing field. Advertising Agent Conductor Disc Jockey Film/Instrument Maker Composer Music Teacher Sound Engineer Music Therapist Song Writer Performing Musician Piano Turner Singer Musical Theater Actor/ Actress Studio Engineer Instrument Manager Rapper
Famous Musicians These are just a few of the famous Musicians that helped shape the field of Music. Joan Baez Zubin Mehta Ethel Merman Jean Redpath Gustav Mahler Leonard Bernstein Ella Fitzgerald Jenny Lind Stephen Foster Antonio Stradivari Ludwig van Beethoven Ray Charles Robert Schumann Sergei Rachmaninoff Yehudi Menuhin Willie Nelson The Mavericks Lawerence Welk George Gershwin
Activities The following is a list of activities that can be used in a classroom or anywhere else to enhance ones own musical intelligence. Sing Ballads Create Chants Create Concept Songs Discographies (lists of musical selections to enhance what you are learning or teaching.) Environmental Sounds Humming Illustrate With Sounds Rhythms Instrumental sounds Listening Lyrics Mood Music Music Composition or creation Musical concepts Musical Performance Percussion and Raps Reproduce sounds and rhythms Singing and Songs Vocal Sounds and Tonal Patterns
Gardner's Definition: Interpersonal intelligence, (people smart), is understanding other people. Its an ability we all need, but is at a premium if you are a teacher, clinician, salesperson, or a politician. Anybody who deals with other people has to be skilled in the interpersonal sphere.
Interpersonally intelligent people enjoy: * Giving feedback to the teacher or to classmates Understanding other's feelings Person-to-person communication Cooperative learning strategies Receiving feedback Group projects Teaching someone else something new Learning from someone outside of school Other points of view Creating group rules Acting in a play or simulation Conducting an interview Creating "phone buddies" for homework Sensing others motives Creating group rules
Famous Interpersonal People Abraham Lincoln George Washington Ghandi Dr.Joyce Brothers Oprah Winfrey Jesse Jackson Martin Luther King Rev. Billy Graham
Interpersonal Careers Administrator Anthropologist Arbitrator Counselor Manager Nurse Personnel Director Politician Public Relations Salesperson School Principal Sociologist Therapist Teacher Travel Agent Religious Leader Psychologist
What is intrapersonal intelligence? Intrapersonal intelligence is self-knowledge and the ability to act adaptively on the basis of that knowledge. This intelligence includes having an accurate picture of oneself (ones strengths and weaknesses); awareness of inner moods, intentions, motivations, temperaments, and desires; and the capacity for self-discipline, self-understanding, and self-esteem. Essentially, its how well you know yourself.
* Aristotle * Emily Dickinson * General George Patton * Helen Keller * Malcolm X * Mohammed
*Autobiography *Awareness of Personal Feelings *Concentration *Expression of Feelings *Focusing *Free-Choice Time *Goal Setting *Higher-Order Thinking and Reasoning *Independent Studies Projects *Mood Awareness and Shifting *Personal Application * Personal Priorities *Personal Projection *Sensing the Emotions of the Moment *Self –Identification *Thinking Strategies
Book References Multiple Intelligences: In The Classroom by Thomas Armstrong Multiple Intelligences: The Theory in Practice by Howard Gardner Multiple Intelligence Approaches Assessment : Solving the Assessment Conundrum by David Lazear
Teaching & Learning Through Multiple Intelligences by Linda Campbell Multiple Intelligences: Activities by Deirdre Korff Wilkins, M.A.
A Bite From The Internet ics.htmhttp://www.arches.uga.edu/~hmt/webwrite/linguist ics.htm mwww.chariho.k12.us/curriculum/MISmart/inter.ht m
Junior G/T Class Linguistic Intelligence Michelle Markovich & Rachel Sullivan
Logical-Mathematical Intelligence Josh Hughes, Mike Phelps, & Gary DeWitt
Spatial Intelligence T.J. Pope & Ashley Torres
Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence Kristina Heinecke & Mallary Williams