Presentation on theme: "Howard Gardner’s: Multiple Intelligences"— Presentation transcript:
1 Howard Gardner’s: Multiple Intelligences Presented to you by the:Jr. Gifted and Talented Class
2 Table of ContentsTitle Page and Table of Contents……..1-2Introduction……..3-6Verbal/Linguistic Intelligence……..7-11Logical/Mathematical Intelligence……Visual/Spatial Intelligence……Bodily/Kinesthetic Intelligence……Musical/Rhythmic Intelligence……Interpersonal Intelligence……Intrapersonal Intelligence……Bibliography……Credits……
3 What is the theory of multiple intelligences? The theory of multiple intelligences is Howard Gardner’s theory that proposes that people are not born with all of the intelligence they will ever have. It says that intelligence can be learned throughout life. Also, it claims that everyone is intelligent in at least seven different ways and can develop each aspect of intelligence to an average level of competency. Intelligence, as defined by Gardner, is the ability to solve problems or fashion products that are valuable in one or more cultural settings.
4 *Logical/ Mathematical *Intrapersonal *Bodily/ Kinesthetic The 7 intelligences included in Gardner’s theory are:*Verbal/ Linguistic*Visual/ Spatial*Interpersonal*Musical/ Rhythmic*Logical/ Mathematical*Intrapersonal*Bodily/ Kinesthetic
5 There are 8 Criteria for Defining Multiple Intelligences: *Each of the intelligences can potentially be isolated by brain damage.*Each of the intelligences exists in exceptional people (savants or prodigies).*Each of the intelligences has a process of developing during normal child development and has a peak end-state performance.*Each of the intelligences is evidenced in species other than human beings.*Each of the intelligences has been tested using various measures not necessarily associated with intelligence.*Each of the intelligences can work without the others being present.*Each of the intelligences has a set of identifiable operations.*Each of the intelligences can be symbolized or has its own unique symbol or set of symbols.
6 The theory of multiple intelligences has encouraged the idea that a person is not born with all the intelligence they will ever possess.In the rest this slide show, each of the intelligences will be explained to give you a better understanding of Howard Gardner’s theory.
8 ~*Linguistic Intelligence*~ Gardner's Definition:Linguistic Intelligence (Word Smart) is the capacity to use language, your native language, and perhaps other languages, to express what's on your mind and to understand other people.Criteria Used for Linguistic IntelligenceCan understand words and manipulate the structure of languageHas highly developed communication skills including writing, speaking, and story-tellingKnows and correctly uses rules of grammarEnjoys reading, writing, and speakingHas a large vocabularyThis person learns best by:Saying, hearing, and seeing wordsWritingTalkingReading
9 Careers These people would do well in these careers. Author Typist JournalistPoetPlaywrightRadio AnnouncerSpeech Pathologist (one who interprets)TypistNovelistComedianPoliticianOratorActorCurator
10 Famous People With Linguistic Intelligence William ShakespeareEdgar Allen PoeEarnest HemmingwayF. Scott FitzgeraldEmily DickinsonAgatha ChristieT.S. EliotRudyard Kipling
11 Activities These People Would Enjoy Book reportingTelling jokesWriting wordsReadingJournal writingSpeakingLetter writingStorytellingDiscussingCreative writingDebatingPersuading
13 Logical-Mathematical Intelligence Logical-mathematical intelligence is the capacity to use numbers effectively and reason well. Someone who has this kind of intelligence is able to see cause and effect really well; also, they are able to identify a problem and solve it right there on the spot. People with this intelligence think by reasoning, and they love experimenting, questioning, figuring out logical puzzles, and calculating.
14 What kinds of processes are used in the logical-mathematical intelligence sequence? CategorizationClassificationInferenceGeneralizationCalculationHypothesis testing
19 What is spatial intelligence? Spatial intelligence is the brain’s ability to perceive and interpret visual stimuli. In other words, it’s how our minds process what we see. Although not very recognized, spatial intelligence is very important in the arts and in everyday life.
20 Why is spatial intelligence important? The way that we visually perceive and interpret the world around us is an important quality to have. In the arts, the ability to transfer a vision to a painting, sculpture, or film is a key quality. Careers such as architecture, require a person to transfer a vision of a structure into a blueprint. Spatial intelligence is even used by average people to remember small, but important facts; like how to travel from your school to your house. Everyone uses spatial intelligence in everyday life.
22 Famous People With High Spatial Intelligence Leonardo Da VinciPablo PicassoSpike LeeVincent Van GoghFrank Lloyd Wright (architect)Steven SpielbergAnsel Adams (photographer)Amelia EarhartAuguste Rodin (sculptor)Robert Fulton (inventor)Michelangelo
25 What is Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence? It is expertise in using one’s whole body to express ideas and feelings.Examples: acting, dancing, sports, and using body languageIt is the ability to use one’s hands to produce or transform things.Examples: sculpting clay and hands-on learning
26 Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence Thinking through physical sensationsLoveDancingRunningJumpingBuildingTouchingGesturingNeedRole playDramaMovementThings to buildSports and physicalgamesTactile (touchable) experiencesHands-on learning
27 Other Activities that Would be Enjoyed ActingCharadesCollectionsDemonstrationsExperimentsField TripsGymnasticsImpersonationsInventingMartial ArtsMimingPuppetryVisitingExercise
28 Possible Career Choices ActorAthleteCarpenterChoreographer (creates and arranges dances)CraftsmanDancerFarmerForest RangerInventorJewelerMechanicMimeP.E. TeacherPhysical TherapistRecreational DirectorActress
29 Famous People Babe Ruth Jim Thorpe Kristi Yamaguchi Mickey Mantle Thomas EdisonIsadora DuncanCincinnatusFabergèWilbur WrightOrville Wright
31 What is Musical Intelligence? Being musically intelligent means that you are able to distinguish the sounds around you and that you have the ability to make your own melodies. Even if you are only singing a song or making music, you are using your musical intelligence!If you are musically intelligent, you are able to:PerceiveDiscriminateTransformExpressAll kinds of musical forms
32 Types of Musical Intelligence Figural and Formal(“top-down”) (“ bottom-up”)This means that you This means that youare very intuitive about analytic and technicalthe nature of music and about music and itsits creation creation.*Anyone can have either both or one of these forms *
33 Careers This will give you just a taste for the jobs available in this growing field. Advertising AgentConductorDisc JockeyFilm/Instrument MakerComposerMusic TeacherSound EngineerMusic Therapist• Song Writer• Performing Musician• Piano Turner• Singer• Musical Theater Actor/ Actress• Studio Engineer• Instrument Manager• Rapper
34 Famous Musicians These are just a few of the famous Musicians that helped shape the field of Music. Ludwig van BeethovenRay CharlesRobert SchumannSergei RachmaninoffYehudi MenuhinWillie NelsonThe MavericksLawerence WelkGeorge GershwinJoan BaezZubin MehtaEthel MermanJean RedpathGustav MahlerLeonard BernsteinElla FitzgeraldJenny LindStephen FosterAntonio Stradivari
35 Activities The following is a list of activities that can be used in a classroom or anywhere else to enhance one’s own musical intelligence.Sing BalladsCreate ChantsCreate Concept SongsDiscographies (lists ofmusical selections toenhance what you arelearning or teaching.)Environmental SoundsHummingIllustrate With SoundsRhythmsInstrumental soundsListeningLyricsMood MusicMusic Composition or creationMusical conceptsMusical PerformancePercussion and RapsReproduce sounds and rhythmsSinging and SongsVocal Sounds and Tonal Patterns
37 Interpersonal Intelligence Gardner's Definition:Interpersonal intelligence, (people smart), is understanding other people. It’s an ability we all need, but is at a premium if you are a teacher, clinician, salesperson, or a politician. Anybody who deals with other people has to be skilled in the interpersonal sphere.
38 Interpersonally intelligent people enjoy: * Giving feedback to the teacher or to classmatesUnderstanding other's feelingsPerson-to-person communicationCooperative learning strategiesReceiving feedbackGroup projectsTeaching someone else something newLearning from someone outside of schoolOther points of viewCreating group rulesActing in a play or simulationConducting an interviewCreating "phone buddies" for homeworkSensing others’ motives
39 Famous Interpersonal People Abraham Lincoln George Washington GhandiDr.Joyce Brothers Oprah Winfrey Jesse JacksonMartin Luther King Rev. Billy Graham
41 Intrapersonal Intelligence “What is intrapersonal intelligence?”Intrapersonal intelligence is self-knowledge and the ability to act adaptively on the basis of that knowledge. This intelligence includes having an accurate picture of oneself (one’s strengths and weaknesses); awareness of inner moods, intentions, motivations, temperaments, and desires; and the capacity for self-discipline, self-understanding, and self-esteem. Essentially, it’s how well you know yourself.
43 Well-Known ExpertsThat Use Intrapersonal Intelligence * Aristotle* Emily Dickinson* General George Patton* Helen Keller* Malcolm X* Mohammed
44 Lesson Planning Activities *Autobiography *Awareness of Personal Feelings*Concentration *Expression of Feelings*Focusing *Free-Choice Time*Goal Setting *Higher-Order Thinking and Reasoning*Independent Studies Projects *Mood Awareness and Shifting*Personal Application * Personal Priorities*Personal Projection *Sensing the Emotions of the Moment*Self –Identification *Thinking Strategies
45 Bibliography Book References Multiple Intelligences: In The Classroom by Thomas ArmstrongMultiple Intelligences: The Theory in Practiceby Howard GardnerMultiple Intelligence Approaches Assessment: Solving the Assessment Conundrumby David Lazear
46 Teaching & Learning Through Multiple Intelligences by Linda CampbellMultiple Intelligences: Activitiesby Deirdre Korff Wilkins, M.A.