3“rebirth” country of origin=Italy renewed interest in ancient Greek/Roman civilizationturning away from Medieval focus on God to focus on man and his intellectual abilities
4Exploration & Discovery In addition to exploring art, the Renaissance era was a time of territorial exploration and discovery. Knowledge was expanding in the areas of science, geography, transportation, building, etc.Results of this exploration:*learning about other cultures*trading with others*economic & political links with others
5Elizabethan tastes and attitudes Art and Literature old+newOLD = “rebirth” classicsNEW = humanism philosophy*elaborate patterns*complicated ornamentation & designin LITERATURE . . .verbal patterns for ear and eyeArtifice = word of praise, positive extension of the root word ARTEmphasis was on the human skill, ingenuity, ability to improve on the natural world.
6Humanism Philosophy Root word= human Belief=we should celebrate and emphasize human abilities and achievementsVERY elaborate patterns, designs, decorations, embellishments etc. (Today’s BLING!)IN EVERYTHING: literature, wallpaper, song/music, lace, art, gardens, clothing, architecture
7Elizabethan chain of being *named for Queen Elizabeth*complicated system of ranking for everything*high end=all SPIRIT, no MATTER*low end=all MATTER, no SPIRIT*Man has a choice--Be more spiritual, more angel-like, or less spiritual, more inanimate.
8Renaissance literature Dramahighly popularall social classes attended playsrich in balconypoor on ground for penny (“groundlings”)long performancesno artificial lighting or complicated stage decorationsactors onlytheatres closed often because of diseaseShakespeare’s theatre called The Globe
9Renaissance literature Sonnet--in Italian sonneto = “little song”*three types: Italian (Petrarchan)English (Shakespearean)Spenserian*requirements: 14 lines10 syllables per line5 accented syllables per line (rhythm pattern)rhyme scheme (pattern of rhyme)two parts separated by a volta (“turn”)
10Reading Renaissance sonnets read it more than oncepay attention to the defined wordslook for use of figurative languageparaphrase a quatrain at a time(or other line grouping as appropriate)locate the volta--change in rhyme scheme--strong mark of punctuation--shift in meaningstate the theme/overall idea in one sentence
11Prose vs. Poetry Line breaks for a reason Condensed language patterns rhymerhythmline lengthstanzaspacingCondensed languageLOTS of meaning in a little spaceHOW?FIGURATIVELANGUAGE
12Figurative Language Simile Metaphor Symbol Allusion PersonificationComparison-- using as, like, thanComparison- not using aboveOne thing represents something elseReference to earlier work reader is expected to recognizeGreek Roman mythology, Bible, folk talesGiving human characteristics to non-human things