3 “rebirth” country of origin=Italy renewed interest in ancient Greek/Roman civilizationturning away from Medieval focus on God to focus on man and his intellectual abilities
4 Exploration & Discovery In addition to exploring art, the Renaissance era was a time of territorial exploration and discovery. Knowledge was expanding in the areas of science, geography, transportation, building, etc.Results of this exploration:*learning about other cultures*trading with others*economic & political links with others
5 Elizabethan tastes and attitudes Art and Literature old+newOLD = “rebirth” classicsNEW = humanism philosophy*elaborate patterns*complicated ornamentation & designin LITERATURE . . .verbal patterns for ear and eyeArtifice = word of praise, positive extension of the root word ARTEmphasis was on the human skill, ingenuity, ability to improve on the natural world.
6 Humanism Philosophy Root word= human Belief=we should celebrate and emphasize human abilities and achievementsVERY elaborate patterns, designs, decorations, embellishments etc. (Today’s BLING!)IN EVERYTHING: literature, wallpaper, song/music, lace, art, gardens, clothing, architecture
7 Elizabethan chain of being *named for Queen Elizabeth*complicated system of ranking for everything*high end=all SPIRIT, no MATTER*low end=all MATTER, no SPIRIT*Man has a choice--Be more spiritual, more angel-like, or less spiritual, more inanimate.
8 Renaissance literature Dramahighly popularall social classes attended playsrich in balconypoor on ground for penny (“groundlings”)long performancesno artificial lighting or complicated stage decorationsactors onlytheatres closed often because of diseaseShakespeare’s theatre called The Globe
9 Renaissance literature Sonnet--in Italian sonneto = “little song”*three types: Italian (Petrarchan)English (Shakespearean)Spenserian*requirements: 14 lines10 syllables per line5 accented syllables per line (rhythm pattern)rhyme scheme (pattern of rhyme)two parts separated by a volta (“turn”)
10 Reading Renaissance sonnets read it more than oncepay attention to the defined wordslook for use of figurative languageparaphrase a quatrain at a time(or other line grouping as appropriate)locate the volta--change in rhyme scheme--strong mark of punctuation--shift in meaningstate the theme/overall idea in one sentence
11 Prose vs. Poetry Line breaks for a reason Condensed language patterns rhymerhythmline lengthstanzaspacingCondensed languageLOTS of meaning in a little spaceHOW?FIGURATIVELANGUAGE
12 Figurative Language Simile Metaphor Symbol Allusion PersonificationComparison-- using as, like, thanComparison- not using aboveOne thing represents something elseReference to earlier work reader is expected to recognizeGreek Roman mythology, Bible, folk talesGiving human characteristics to non-human things