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Chapter 28 Politics and Economics. Section 1 - The Nixon Administration 1968 election - Richard Nixon (Rep.) v. Hubert Humphrey (Dem.) and George Wallace.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 28 Politics and Economics. Section 1 - The Nixon Administration 1968 election - Richard Nixon (Rep.) v. Hubert Humphrey (Dem.) and George Wallace."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 28 Politics and Economics

2 Section 1 - The Nixon Administration 1968 election - Richard Nixon (Rep.) v. Hubert Humphrey (Dem.) and George Wallace (Ind) - wanted segregation in the deep south Spiro Agnew - Gov. of Maryland, becomes Nixons VP Warren Burger - conservative judge, appointed by Nixon Upheld the death penalty, limited the rights of criminals ELECTION

3 Section 1 New Federalism - gave more power to states and local Gov. Revenue sharing - provided states with federal funds President - Republican House and Senate - Democrat Nixon tried to get more Executive (Presidential ) power Impounded - refused to release funds passed by Congress

4 More on Sect. 1 AFDC - Aid to Families with Dependent Children - critics said it gave aid instead of encouraging jobs States had too much control Domestic affairs - within the U.S. - Nixon was poor Foreign affairs - outside the U.S. - Nixons passion Henry Kissinger - National Security Advisor, Vietnamization Better relations with Communist countries (USSR and China) Détente - relaxation of tensions between China, USSR and U.S.

5 End of Sect. 1 After WWII China was communist under Mao Tse Tung Nationalists fled to Taiwan - under Chaing Ke Shek U.S. only recognizes the nationalists in Taiwan, until Nixon Nixon was the 1st President to visit China since communist control (1972) Moscow, U.S.S.R. (Nixon and Brezhnev, 1972) Signed SALT - Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty - limited nuclear weapons and increased trade

6 Section 2 - Watergate Watergate - Nixon administration attempt to cover up a break-in at Watergate, a hotel that was headquarters for the Democratic Committee Nixon - created an enemies list while President 1972 election - George Wallace didnt mount a campaign because an assassins bullet had paralyzed him Nixon v George McGovern

7 Sect. 2 cont Nixon - popular in the way he dealt with China and the USSR Unpopular - Vietnam and domestic affairs Nixon was paranoid and started spying on the democrats June 17, men were busted breaking into Watergate (Democratic headquarters) James McCord - one of the burglars - ex CIA and member of CRP (committee to re-elect the President) Washington Post - kept the story alive Reporters - Woodward and Bernstein

8 Watergate hearings Judge John Sirica Senates Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities - set up by Senator Sam Ervin John Dean - council to President Nixon, testified on Nixon involvement, said John Mitchell (Nixons Attorney General) ordered the break - in Alexander Butterfield - Nixons aid - told them there were tapes of conversations in the Oval Office Sirica Ervin Dean Mitchell Butterfield

9 Watergate - cont. Nixon doesnt want to give up the tapes so he claims Executive Privilege Archibald Cox - special prosecutor for Watergate, asks for the tapes Saturday night massacre - orders 3 different people to fire Cox Finally Robert Bork does it, Leon Jaworski becomes new prosecutor V.P. - Spiro Agnew resigns for other illegal activities, so Gerald Ford becomes the V.P. and eventually the new President after Nixons resignation Cox Bork Jaworski Agnew Ford

10 End of Watergate House Judiciary votes to impeach President Nixon Reasons: 1. Obstruction of Justice - wouldnt give up the tapes 2. Cover - Up - ordering people to be fired for wanting the tapes and the truth 3. Misuse of Federal Agencies - ordering the CIA to help in the cover up Aug. 9, Nixon resigns before the Senate removes him from office Tapes prove the cover up

11 Section 3 - Gerald Ford and Jimmy Carter 1950s and 60s - good times economically because: 1. Good access to raw materials around the world 2. Strong manufacturing at home 1970s the above conditions began to disappear LBJ got us in trouble with deficit spending for Vietnam, without raising taxes This caused too much money in the economy or INFLATION - rise in the cost of goods

12 Sect. 3 cont. U.S. is the largest consumer of OIL in the world OPEC - Organization of Petroleum Exporting countries Many conflicts in the Middle East - about oil and religion Yom - Kipper War (Israel v Arab countries OPEC decides to embargo (stop shipping) oil to countries that helped Israel, this includes the U.S. Only lasted a few months but hurt the economy Crude oil went from $3 a barrel (1973) to $30 a barrel (1980)

13 Sect. 3 cont Loss of manufacturing jobs due to foreign competition (out sourcing) Stagflation - rising prices and economic stagnation (flat) Gerald Ford - pardons Nixon Helsinki Accords 1. Recognized Eastern borders in Europe 2. Soviets would follow Human rights Proposed WIN - whip inflation now - each person was to cut back on energy use

14 Jimmy Carter 1976 election Ford (Rep.) v Jimmy Carter (Dem.) - Carter is elected Andrew Young - 1st African American Ambassador to the U.N. Gave the Panama Canal back to Panama (1999) Camp David Accords - peace talks between Israel and Egypt Started Department of Energy

15 Conflict in Iran The Shah(leader) of Iran was ousted from power by the revolutionaries of Iran Shah had to flee to the U.S. Ayatollah Khomeini was the new leader Iran revolutionaries stormed the Embassy in Iran and took 52 Americans hostages Held for 444 days Helicopter went down trying to rescue them Carter didnt win re-election, maybe because of his inability to free the hostages

16 Sect. 4 The Me Decade: 1970s Tom Wolfe - labeled the 1970s the me decade New Age Movement - fulfillment spiritually through different activities Self - healing to creating a new world New Fads: Yoga, martial arts, chanting, Zen or enlightenment, reincarnation New religions based on gurus - mystical leaders Transcendental meditation - daily meditation, harmony and health

17 Sect. 4 continued TV of the 70s - Mary Tyler Moore show, All in the Family - about a racist and his family, The Jeffersons, and Good Times Music of the 70s: soft rock and disco Other Fads and fashions : Personalized t-shirts, mood rings, CB radios, aerobic exercise

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