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American Government Chapter 24 Section 5 The Courts and Their Judges.

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Presentation on theme: "American Government Chapter 24 Section 5 The Courts and Their Judges."— Presentation transcript:

1 American Government Chapter 24 Section 5 The Courts and Their Judges

2 State and Local Courts What is heard in each type of court? What is heard in each type of court? Justice of the Peace Justice of the Peace - usually hear only misdemeanor cases - usually hear only misdemeanor cases Magistrates Court Magistrates Court - mainly misdemeanor cases and minor civil complaints - mainly misdemeanor cases and minor civil complaints Municipal Court Municipal Court - usually hear misdemeanor and civil cases and are organized into: civil, criminal, small claims, traffic, and probate divisions - usually hear misdemeanor and civil cases and are organized into: civil, criminal, small claims, traffic, and probate divisions

3 State and Local Courts cont. Juvenile Court Juvenile Court - cases involving young people under 18 years old - cases involving young people under 18 years old General Trial Court General Trial Court - they hear most of the more important civil and criminal cases; exercise original jurisdiction - they hear most of the more important civil and criminal cases; exercise original jurisdiction Intermediate Appellate Court Intermediate Appellate Court - review cases decided in lower courts - review cases decided in lower courts State Supreme Court State Supreme Court - the States highest appellate court - the States highest appellate court

4 Terms Warrant Warrant - a court order authorizing an official action - a court order authorizing an official action Preliminary hearing Preliminary hearing - the first step in a major criminal prosecution - the first step in a major criminal prosecution Appellate jurisdiction Appellate jurisdiction - they review cases that have already been heard in another court - they review cases that have already been heard in another court


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