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American Government Chapter 17 Foreign Policy and National Defense Section 3 American Foreign Policy Overview.

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Presentation on theme: "American Government Chapter 17 Foreign Policy and National Defense Section 3 American Foreign Policy Overview."— Presentation transcript:

1 American Government Chapter 17 Foreign Policy and National Defense Section 3 American Foreign Policy Overview

2 Monroe Doctrine President Monroe – Isolationism President Monroe – Isolationism What did the Monroe Doctrine say? What did the Monroe Doctrine say? It said that the U.S. would stay out of the affairs of European countries and Russia. It said that the U.S. would stay out of the affairs of European countries and Russia. BUT BUT They (Europe & Russia) must also stay out of the affairs of North and South America (western hemisphere) They (Europe & Russia) must also stay out of the affairs of North and South America (western hemisphere)

3 Spanish – American War The U.S. gained land with the defeat of Spain and became a first-class power in world politics The U.S. gained land with the defeat of Spain and became a first-class power in world politics Land Acquired Land Acquired Philippines, Guam, Puerto Rico, Hawaii Philippines, Guam, Puerto Rico, Hawaii

4 Good Neighbor Policy Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine Allowed the U.S. to police Latin America Allowed the U.S. to police Latin America Revolutions etc. Revolutions etc. Is the Monroe Doctrine a vital part of U.S. foreign policy today? Is the Monroe Doctrine a vital part of U.S. foreign policy today?

5 Open Door Policy with China Secretary of State John Hay Secretary of State John Hay Promoted equal trade access for all nations with China Promoted equal trade access for all nations with China

6 WWI German submarine warfare against the American shipping in the Atlantic Ocean made us get out of our isolationist stance German submarine warfare against the American shipping in the Atlantic Ocean made us get out of our isolationist stance In 1917 we entered WWI to make the world safe for democracy. In 1917 we entered WWI to make the world safe for democracy.

7 WWII Ended Americas commitment to isolationism Ended Americas commitment to isolationism WHY? WHY? It involved 61 nations around the world It involved 61 nations around the world WWII was the shift in U.S. foreign policy to internationalism – we have used this ever since. WWII was the shift in U.S. foreign policy to internationalism – we have used this ever since. Protection of the U.S. Protection of the U.S.

8 Deterrence Keeping your military might at such a high level that it would discourage, prevent an attack Keeping your military might at such a high level that it would discourage, prevent an attack

9 Cold War 40 years of tense, hostile relations between the two superpowers (U.S. & U.S.S.R.) 40 years of tense, hostile relations between the two superpowers (U.S. & U.S.S.R.) A time of threats, posturing and military buildup – NO actual fighting A time of threats, posturing and military buildup – NO actual fighting

10 Truman Doctrine What was it? What was it? Economic and military aid to those countries that were coming under the control of communism Economic and military aid to those countries that were coming under the control of communism SEE EXAMPLES IN NEXT SLIDES SEE EXAMPLES IN NEXT SLIDES

11 Berlin Blockade End of WWII End of WWII U.S. Airlift into West Berlin U.S. Airlift into West Berlin

12 Cuban Missile Crisis Soviet missiles located in Cuba (90 miles from U.S.) Soviet missiles located in Cuba (90 miles from U.S.) President Kennedy blockaded Cuba to stop more missiles from coming in President Kennedy blockaded Cuba to stop more missiles from coming in U.S. warned we would attack unless missiles were removed U.S. warned we would attack unless missiles were removed Soviets removed missiles would Soviets removed missiles would

13 Korean War The U.S. helped the UN sponsored South Korea vs. the Soviet sponsored North Korea The U.S. helped the UN sponsored South Korea vs. the Soviet sponsored North Korea North Korea attacked South Korea North Korea attacked South Korea

14 Vietnam War Communist supported North Vietnam attacks against anticommunist South Vietnam Communist supported North Vietnam attacks against anticommunist South Vietnam Soviets and China supplied equipment etc to North Vietnam Soviets and China supplied equipment etc to North Vietnam

15 Dangers Today Iraq Iraq North Korea North Korea Terrorist Groups – al Qaida Terrorist Groups – al Qaida


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