Presentation on theme: "American Government Chapter 17"— Presentation transcript:
1American Government Chapter 17 Foreign Policy and National DefenseSection 3American Foreign Policy Overview
2What did the Monroe Doctrine say? President Monroe – IsolationismWhat did the Monroe Doctrine say?It said that the U.S. would stay out of the affairs of European countries and Russia.BUTThey (Europe & Russia) must also stay out of the affairs of North and South America (western hemisphere)
3Spanish – American WarThe U.S. gained land with the defeat of Spain and became a first-class power in world politicsLand AcquiredPhilippines, Guam, Puerto Rico, Hawaii
4Good Neighbor Policy Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine Allowed the U.S. to police Latin AmericaRevolutions etc.Is the Monroe Doctrine a vital part of U.S. foreign policy today?
5Open Door Policy with China Secretary of State John HayPromoted equal trade access for all nations with China
6WWIGerman submarine warfare against the American shipping in the Atlantic Ocean made us get out of our isolationist stanceIn 1917 we entered WWI “to make the world safe for democracy.”
7WWII Ended America’s commitment to isolationism WHY? It involved 61 nations around the worldWWII was the shift in U.S. foreign policy to internationalism – we have used this ever since.Protection of the U.S.
8DeterrenceKeeping your military might at such a high level that it would discourage, prevent an attack
9A time of threats, posturing and military buildup – NO actual fighting Cold War40 years of tense, hostile relations between the two superpowers (U.S. & U.S.S.R.)A time of threats, posturing and military buildup – NO actual fighting
10SEE EXAMPLES IN NEXT SLIDES Truman DoctrineWhat was it?Economic and military aid to those countries that were coming under the control of communismSEE EXAMPLES IN NEXT SLIDES
11U.S. Airlift into West Berlin Berlin BlockadeEnd of WWIIU.S. Airlift into West Berlin
12Cuban Missile CrisisSoviet missiles located in Cuba (90 miles from U.S.)President Kennedy blockaded Cuba to stop more missiles from coming inU.S. warned we would attack unless missiles were removedSoviets removed missiles would
13North Korea attacked South Korea Korean WarThe U.S. helped the UN sponsored South Korea vs. the Soviet sponsored North KoreaNorth Korea attacked South Korea
14Soviets and China supplied equipment etc to North Vietnam Vietnam WarCommunist supported North Vietnam attacks against anticommunist South VietnamSoviets and China supplied equipment etc to North Vietnam
15Terrorist Groups – al Qaida Dangers TodayIraqNorth KoreaTerrorist Groups – al Qaida