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Greek City-States. Polis Polis: city-state basic political unit Each polis was independent but shared characteristics: -Acropolis hill in center of polis;

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Presentation on theme: "Greek City-States. Polis Polis: city-state basic political unit Each polis was independent but shared characteristics: -Acropolis hill in center of polis;"— Presentation transcript:

1 Greek City-States

2 Polis

3 Polis: city-state basic political unit Each polis was independent but shared characteristics: -Acropolis hill in center of polis; fortified; chief god -Agora public square at bottom of Acropolis where: laws passed politics/debate held merchants; artisans -Citizens could vote hold office land owner speak in court Before 500 BC only male landowners could vote and be citizens Only small percentage of Greeks were citizens Before 500 BC only male landowners could vote and be citizens Only small percentage of Greeks were citizens

4 Acropolis of Athens

5 Agora of Athens The focus of political, commercial, administrative and social activity, the religious and cultural center, and the seat of justice. The focus of political, commercial, administrative and social activity, the religious and cultural center, and the seat of justice.

6 Greek Colonies Needed colonies to provide grain Each colony had a parent city Parent city could concentrate on exports (cash crops, pottery) More goods to sell meant more trading throughout Mediterranean Area

7 Political/Social Change Aristocrats replaced kings as most powerful (700 BC) Disputes arose between common people and aristocrats (650 BC) Farmers needed loans -no repayment meant slavery; loss of land Farmers became good foot soldiers (phalanx) -more important than cavalry (aristocrats) Merchants/artisans joined with farmers Unrest led to tyranny (one person takes control) After 500 BC city-states became either an oligarchy (rule by wealthy -Sparta) or democracy (rule by citizens -Athens)

8 Phalanx


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