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Chapter 3 An Enduring Document Section 2 The Amendment Process.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 3 An Enduring Document Section 2 The Amendment Process."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 3 An Enduring Document Section 2 The Amendment Process

2 Constitutional Terms 1. amend – to change or modify to make better 2. joint resolution – both houses of Congress must pass and the Chief Executive must approve – used in temporary or unusual circumstances 3. due process – government must act in accordance with established rules

3 Constitutional Terms Cont. 4. civil – ordinary community life as opposed to criminal proceedings 5. bail – money given to the court by a defendant as security 6. repeal – to remove by legislative act

4 Main Ideas 1. In what two ways can the Constitution be amended? 2/3 of both houses of Congress can propose an amendment Special national convention called by Congress at the request of 2/3 of state legislatures.

5 Main Ideas How are new amendments ratified? Approved by the legislatures of ¾ of the states. (38) Special ratifying conventions in ¾ of the states

6 Main Ideas 2. What fundamental rights are protected by the First Amendment? Religion, speech, assembly, press and the right to petition the government.

7 Main Ideas 3. How was the amendment process used to improve the lives of former slaves after the Civil War? Passed the 13 th, 14 th & 15 th Amendments These Amendments ended slavery, gave citizenship, constitutional rights to all men regardless of race, color etc. and allowed former slaves to vote

8 THINK CRITICALLY If you had an opportunity to add an amendment to the Constitution, what would you propose? Why?


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