Presentation on theme: "Chapter 3 An Enduring Document"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 3 An Enduring Document Section 2The Amendment Process
2 Constitutional Terms 1. amend – to change or modify to make better 2. joint resolution – both houses of Congress must pass and the Chief Executive must approve – used in temporary or unusual circumstances3. due process – government must act in accordance with established rules
3 Constitutional Terms Cont. 4. civil – ordinary community life as opposed to criminal proceedings5. bail – money given to the court by a defendant as security6. repeal – to remove by legislative act
4 1. In what two ways can the Constitution be amended? Main Ideas1. In what two ways can the Constitution be amended?2/3 of both houses of Congress can propose an amendmentSpecial national convention called by Congress at the request of 2/3 of state legislatures.
5 How are new amendments ratified? Main IdeasHow are new amendments ratified?Approved by the legislatures of ¾ of the states. (38)Special ratifying conventions in ¾ of the states
6 2. What fundamental rights are protected by the First Amendment? Main Ideas2. What fundamental rights are protected by the First Amendment?Religion, speech, assembly, press and the right to petition the government.
7 Main Ideas3. How was the amendment process used to improve the lives of former slaves after the Civil War?Passed the 13th, 14th & 15th AmendmentsThese Amendments ended slavery, gave citizenship, constitutional rights to all men regardless of race, color etc. and allowed former slaves to vote
8 THINK CRITICALLYIf you had an opportunity to add an amendment to the Constitution, what would you propose? Why?