Presentation on theme: "Chapter 3 An Enduring Document"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 3 An Enduring Document Section 2The Amendment Process
2Constitutional Terms 1. amend – to change or modify to make better 2. joint resolution – both houses of Congress must pass and the Chief Executive must approve – used in temporary or unusual circumstances3. due process – government must act in accordance with established rules
3Constitutional Terms Cont. 4. civil – ordinary community life as opposed to criminal proceedings5. bail – money given to the court by a defendant as security6. repeal – to remove by legislative act
41. In what two ways can the Constitution be amended? Main Ideas1. In what two ways can the Constitution be amended?2/3 of both houses of Congress can propose an amendmentSpecial national convention called by Congress at the request of 2/3 of state legislatures.
5How are new amendments ratified? Main IdeasHow are new amendments ratified?Approved by the legislatures of ¾ of the states. (38)Special ratifying conventions in ¾ of the states
62. What fundamental rights are protected by the First Amendment? Main Ideas2. What fundamental rights are protected by the First Amendment?Religion, speech, assembly, press and the right to petition the government.
7Main Ideas3. How was the amendment process used to improve the lives of former slaves after the Civil War?Passed the 13th, 14th & 15th AmendmentsThese Amendments ended slavery, gave citizenship, constitutional rights to all men regardless of race, color etc. and allowed former slaves to vote
8THINK CRITICALLYIf you had an opportunity to add an amendment to the Constitution, what would you propose? Why?