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Sentence Basics Subjects Verbs The concept of clause.

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Sentence Basics Subjects Verbs The concept of clause.

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1 Sentence Basics Subjects Verbs The concept of clause

2 Subject Defined The part of the sentence about which something is divulged. In other words the who or what the sentence is about. –The werewolf had a toothache.

3 Verb Defined Momentum in the sentence –Asserts, moves, impels, reports a condition or situation Action –The waif whimpered. –Effie crushes herbs beneath her pattering feet. State of being –Her fiancé is a somnambulist.

4 Verbs cont. Auxiliary –A morsel of humility would help. –I am staying out of trouble.

5 Helpful Hints Always remember: –The subject is: Doing Acting Being Emoting –What the verb asserts may be An action Identity Or state of being

6 Predicate Contains the verb Has something to say about the subject –The vampire began to powder his nose.

7 Subject|Verb Brian|waited. Barbra|was laughing. Brian|is going to be leaving. Barbra|may have been laughing. Daedalus|mourned his sunburnt son. As the day of judgment approached, we|were covering up the wrong side of our tracks.

8 Clauses Contain both a subject and a predicate Sometimes stand alone (independent) Sometimes need a little help (dependent or subordinate)

9 Independent Clause Makes sense by itself and could be a separate sentence Two grammatically equivalent independent clauses my be linked by a coordinating conjunction –I admired his shirt. –I admired his coat. I admired his shirt, and I admired his coat.

10 A few more examples She was kicked by the soft shoe of destiny, and she landed in Wales. Her irony is getting rusty, and her audience is getting bored. The mannequin gave the baby vampire her number, but she knew hed never call.

11 Dependent Clauses Needs the rest of the sentence (aka the independent or main clause) to get its meaning across Yes it has both a subject and verb, but cant make the complete thought with out help

12 Dependent cont… Dependent clauses require a linking word such as a relative pronoun or a subordinate conjunction to attract and hold an independent and perhaps lonely clause –If this is love, Ive made a terrible mistake. –After the podiatrist pounced on her, he buffed her heels and tweaked her toes.

13 Take a moment to review relative pronouns A relative pronoun is a pronoun that relates to an antecedent and joins it to a limiting or qualifying clause a the same time. –W–What is an antecedent you ask? The noun being replaced by the pronoun –T–That replaces pronoun in the above sentence –C–Commonly used relative pronouns include: who, whom, whose, what, which, that, whoever, whatever, whichever, whomever

14 Examples This is the hoax that the perpetrated. The barber who found the nose in his croissant never did get along with his wife. She tickled his fancy, which was in need of a good laugh.

15 Take a moment to review subordinate conjunctions Subordinate conjunctions push you right into a dependent clause –They may come at the beginning of the sentence or they may come between parts of the sentence They imply one of the clauses is dependent on the other clause

16 Examples After they removed the leeches, she showed him to the door. If I die first, will you tuck me into my casket? Where were you when the earth erupted? I shall faint, unless you open a window.

17 Common Subordinating Conjunctions Until, since, if because, after before, although, that, as if, so that, though unless, while, when, where, even though, whereas, in order that

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