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FUNDAMENTALS OF LEXICOLOGYObject of Lexicology Links of Lexicology with Other Aspects of Linguistic Types of Lexicology Two Principle Approaches in Linguistic
Lexicology “lexis” - word, phrase “logos” - science
Language Units Morphemes Words Word groups Phraseological units
Aims of Lexicology Investigates the problems of word-structure and word-formation in Modern English The semantic structure of English words
Aims of Lexicology Principles of the classification of vocabulary units into various groupings The laws governing the replenishment of the vocabulary
Aims of Lexicology Studies the relations between various lexical layers of the English vocabulary
Aims of Lexicology The specific laws and regulations that govern development of the vocabulary The source and growth of the vocabulary and changes it has undergone
Lexicology and Other Linguistic Sciencesphonetics grammar stylistics history of the language social linguistics typology
Types of Lexicology General Lexicology – general study of words and vocabulary, irrespective of the specific features of any particular language part of general linguistics
Types of Lexicology Special Lexicology – description of the characteristics peculiarities in the vocabulary of a given language
Types of Lexicology Historical Lexicology – origin of various words, their change and development, linguistic and extra-linguistic factors influencing the structure of words, their meaning and usage
Types of Lexicology Descriptive Lexicology – vocabulary of a given language at a given stage of its development functions of words, morphological and semantic structures of words
Types of Lexicology Comparative and Contrastive Lexicology – correlation between the languages , correspondences between the vocabulary units of different languages
Synchronic (Descriptive) Approachsyn – “together, with” chronos - “time” concerned with the language vocabulary as it exists at a given time
Diachronic (Historical) Approachdia – “through” chronos – “time” development and changes of the language, evolution of vocabulary units as times goes by
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