Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Health Professions Resource Center AHEC Diversity Regional Conferences Demographics and Diversity of Health Care.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Health Professions Resource Center AHEC Diversity Regional Conferences Demographics and Diversity of Health Care."— Presentation transcript:

1 Health Professions Resource Center AHEC Diversity Regional Conferences http://www.dshs.state.tx.us/CHS/hprc/ Demographics and Diversity of Health Care Providers in Texas and Central Texas April 19, 2007 Brian King, Program Director, HPRC

2 Professions Demographics Primary Care Physicians Physician Assistants General Dentists Registered Nurses Pharmacists Physical Therapists Occupational Therapists Mental Health Providers (7 professions) 14 total professions Race/Ethnicity Gender Age Note: Some of these demographics are not available for some professions

3 "The government is very keen on amassing statistics. They collect them, add them, raise them to the n th power, take the cube root and prepare wonderful diagrams. But you must never forget that every one of these figures comes in the first instance from the village watchman, who just puts down what he damn (well) pleases." Josiah Charles Stamps 1st Baron Stamp of Shortlands President of the Bank of England in the 1920's, statistician and administrator 1880-1941

4 Central Texas 2006 Projected Population Bastrop County - 76,537 Blanco County - 9,741 Burnet County - 40,129 Caldwell County - 36,989 Hays County - 140,024 Travis County - 891,190 Williamson County - 339,686 Central Texas - 1,534,296 (6.5%) Texas – 23,464,827

5 Population Growth Relative to 1990

6 Race/Ethnicity and Gender Demographics 2006 Texas: Central Texas: White 48.6 % 58.6 % Black 11.3 % 7.5 % Hispanic 36.1 % 29.5 % Other 3.9 % 4.4 % Male 50.0 % 51.1 % Female 50.0 % 48.9 % Population data from the Texas State Data Center, Migration Scenario 2, Produced 2/23/05, accessed 12/13/05, http://txsdc.utsa.edu/

7 Other Race/Ethnicity July 1, 2005 Estimate Texas: Central Texas: Asian/Oriental 3.3 % 4.2 % American Indian 0.7 % 0.7 % Hawaiian/ Pacific Islander 0.1 % 0.1 % Data from U.S. Census Bureau http://www.census.gov/popest/counties/asrh/files/cc-est2005-alldata-48.csv Accessed 10/23/06

8 Primary Care (PC) Physician Demographics – 2005 Texas: Central Texas: Total 15,718 1,115 Male67.8 % 60.3 % Female 32.2 % 39.7 % White60.2 % 73.0 % Black 5.7 % 2.9 % Hispanic13.5 % 9.2 % American Indian/ Alaskan Native 0.3 % 0.2 % Asian/Pacific Islander 18.5 % 13.0 % Unknown 1.9 % 1.7 % Physician data from the 2005 licensing database obtained from the Texas Medical Board; includes all active non-federal primary care physicians practicing in Texas. Residents and fellows, teachers, administrators, researchers, federal, military, retired and "not-in-practice" physicians are excluded from the supply totals. Primary care physicians include those with a primary specialty of family practice/medicine, general practice, pediatrics, internal medicine, obstetrics and/or gynecology, and geriatrics.

9 PC Physicians - 2005 Median Ages Texas: Central Texas: Total 46 45 Male 49 49 Female 41 40 White 48 47 Black 43 45 Hispanic 45 41 American Indian/ Alaskan Native 44 46* Asian/Pacific Islander 41 37 *based on two records Data source: Texas Medical Boards physician licensing database

10 PC Physician Supply Trends Data source: Texas Medical Boards physician licensing database Prepared by: Health Professions Resource Center

11 PC Physician Median Age Trends Data source: Texas Medical Boards physician licensing database Prepared by: Health Professions Resource Center

12 Physician Assistant Demographics – 2006 Texas: Central Texas: Total 3,630 222 Male44.1 % 35.6 % Female55.9 % 64.4 % White74.0 % 82.4 % Black 5.2 % 2.3 % Hispanic13.2 % 9.5 % American Indian/ Alaskan Native 0.6 % 1.4 % Asian/Pacific Islander 5.5 % 3.6 % Unknown 1.5 % 0.9 % Physician Assistant data from the 2006 licensing database obtained from the Texas Medical Board; includes all active physician assistants practicing in Texas.

13 Physician Assistants - 2006 Median Ages Texas: Central Texas: Total 40 39 Male 45 47 Female 36 35 White 41 39 Black 41.5 33 Hispanic 37 40 American Indian/ Alaskan Native 49 42 Asian/Pacific Islander 33 32.5 Data source: Texas Medical Boards physician assistant licensing database

14 Physician Assistant Supply Trends Data source: Texas Medical Boards physician assistant licensing database Prepared by: Health Professions Resource Center

15 Physician Assistant Median Age Trends Data source: Texas Medical Boards physician assistant licensing database Prepared by: Health Professions Resource Center

16 Dentist Demographics - 2006 Texas: Central Texas: Total 8,453 649 Male75.7 % 74.0 % Female24.3 % 26.0 % Median Age 48 48 Male 51 52 Female 38 38 Race/ethnicity data not available Dentist data from the 2006 licensing database obtained from the Texas State Board of Dental Examiners; includes all active and non-federal primary care dentists practicing in Texas. Residents and fellows, teachers, administrators, researchers, federal, military, retired and "not-in-practice" dentists are excluded from the supply totals. Primary care dentists include those with a specialty of general dentistry, pediatric dentistry, or dental public health.

17 Dentist Supply Trends Data source: Texas State Board of Dental Examiners licensing database Prepared by: Health Professions Resource Center

18 Dentist Median Age Trends Data source: Texas State Board of Dental Examiners licensing database Prepared by: Health Professions Resource Center

19 Registered Nurse Demographics - 2006 Texas: Central Texas: Total 149,948 9,228 Male 9.6 % 8.6 % Female90.4 % 91.4 % White73.4 % 84.1 % Black 7.8 % 3.7 % Hispanic 9.0 % 6.4 % American Indian 0.3 % 0.3 % Asian/Oriental 7.9 % 4.4 % Other 1.5 % 1.2 % Registered Nurse data from the 2006 licensing database obtained from the Texas Board of Nurse Examiners; includes all active registered nurses practicing in Texas.

20 Registered Nurses - 2006 Median Ages Texas: Central Texas: Total 47 47 Male 44 46 Female 47 47 White 48 48 Black 46 45 Hispanic 40 41 American Indian 46 44 Asian/Oriental 43 38 Other 40 40 Data source: Board of Nurse Examiners RN licensing database

21 Registered Nurse Supply Trends Data source: Board of Nurse Examiners RN licensing database Prepared by: Health Professions Resource Center

22 Registered Nurse Median Age Trends Data source: Board of Nurse Examiners RN licensing database Prepared by: Health Professions Resource Center

23 Pharmacist Demographics - 2006 Texas: Central Texas: Total17,776 1,231 Male51.2 % 41.7 % Female48.8 % 58.3 % White61.4 % 78.6 % Black13.0 % 2.2 % Hispanic 8.5 % 6.8 % American Indian 0.8 % 0.6 % Asian/Oriental14.3 % 9.9 % Other 1.3 % 1.0 % Unknown 0.8 % 1.0 % Pharmacist data from the 2006 licensing database obtained from the Texas State Board of Pharmacy; includes all active pharmacists practicing in Texas.

24 Pharmacist – 2006 Median Ages Texas: Central Texas: Total 46 45 Male 52 53 Female 40 41 White 50 47 Black 42 39 Hispanic 45 42.5 American Indian 36 39 Asian/Oriental 36 36 Other 39 31 Data source: Texas State Board of Pharmacys licensing database

25 Pharmacist Supply Trends Data source: Texas State Board of Pharmacys licensing database Prepared by: Health Professions Resource Center Note: Numbers in Central Texas are rising but not as fast as population

26 Pharmacist Median Age Trends Data source: Texas State Board of Pharmacys licensing database Prepared by: Health Professions Resource Center

27 Physical Therapist Demographics - 2006 Texas: Central Texas: Total 8,933 867 Male28.7 % 23.8 % Female71.3 % 76.2 % White77.6 % 86.9 % Black 2.7 % 1.2 % Hispanic 6.2 % 5.4 % American Indian 0.2 % 0.1 % Asian/Oriental10.3 % 4.2 % Other 2.4 % 2.0 % Unknown 0.5 % 0.3 % Physical Therapist data from the 2006 licensing database obtained from the Executive Council of Physical Therapy & Occupational Therapy Examiners; includes all active physical therapists practicing in Texas.

28 Physical Therapist – 2006 Median Ages Texas: Central Texas: Total 39 39 Male 39 38 Female 39 39 White 40 39 Black 38 32.5 Hispanic 37 36 American Indian 42.5 44* Asian/Oriental 39 37 Other 32 34 * Based on one record Data source: Executive Council of Physical Therapy & Occupational Therapy Examiners physical therapist licensing database

29 Physical Therapist Supply Trends Data source: Executive Council of Physical Therapy & Occupational Therapy Examiners physical therapist licensing database Prepared by: Health Professions Resource Center

30 Physical Therapist Median Age Trends Data source: Executive Council of Physical Therapy & Occupational Therapy Examiners physical therapist licensing database Prepared by: Health Professions Resource Center

31 Occupational Therapist Demographics - 2006 Texas: Central Texas: Total 5,534 474 Male12.1 % 9.7 % Female87.9 % 90.3 % White54.0 % 58.4 % Black 3.2 % 0.8 % Hispanic 9.4 % 6.5 % American Indian 0.1 % 0.2 % Asian/Oriental 3.9 % 3.4 % Other 3.8 % 4.4 % *Unknown 25.6 % 26.2 % Occupational Therapist data from the 2006 licensing database obtained from the Executive Council of Physical Therapy & Occupational Therapy Examiners; includes all active occupational therapists practicing in Texas. *High number of Unknown values; race/ethnicity percentages possibly skewed

32 Occupational Therapist – 2006 Median Ages Texas: Central Texas: Total 39 39 Male 39 41.5 Female 39 39 White 36 36 Black 36 30 Hispanic 34 37 American Indian 39.5 42* Asian/Oriental 33 32.5 Other 37 32 * Based on one record Data source: Executive Council of Physical Therapy & Occupational Therapy Examiners occupational therapist licensing database

33 Occupational Therapist Supply Trends Data source: Executive Council of Physical Therapy & Occupational Therapy Examiners occupational therapist licensing database Prepared by: Health Professions Resource Center

34 Occupational Therapist Median Age Trends Data source: Executive Council of Physical Therapy & Occupational Therapy Examiners occupational therapist licensing database Prepared by: Health Professions Resource Center

35 Mental Health Professions Licensed Professional Counselors Licensed Chemical Dependency Counselors Marriage and Family Therapists Psychiatric Nurses Psychiatrists Psychologists Social Workers

36 Licensed Professional Counselor Supply Trends Data source: Professional Licensing and Certification Units licensed professional counselor licensing database Prepared by: Health Professions Resource Center Texas: Central Texas: 2005 Total10,896 988 Gender and Race/Ethnicity not available

37 Licensed Professional Counselor Median Age Trends Data source: Professional Licensing and Certification Units licensed professional counselor licensing database Prepared by: Health Professions Resource Center Texas: Central Texas: 2005 Median Age 54 53

38 Licensed Chemical Dependency Counselor Demographics – 2005 Texas: Central Texas: Total 4,186 387 Male40.3 % 32.3 % Female59.7 % 67.7 % White67.7 % 75.2 % Black16.5 % 12.7 % Hispanic12.8 % 10.1 % American Indian 0.8 % 0.5 % Asian/Oriental 0.5 % 0.3 % Other 1.2 % 0.8 % Unknown 0.5 % 0.5 % Licensed Chemical Dependency Counselor data from the 2005 licensing database obtained from the Professional Licensing and Certification Unit, Department of State Health Services; includes all active licensed chemical dependency counselors practicing in Texas.

39 Licensed Chemical Dependency Counselor – 2005 Median Ages Texas: Central Texas: Total 53 52 Male 54 53 Female 52 51 White 54 53 Black 50 47 Hispanic 49 48 American Indian 55 58* Asian/Oriental 51 49 Other 53 39** *Based on two records **Based on three records Data source: Professional Licensing and Certification Units licensed chemical dependency counselor licensing database

40 Licensed Chemical Dependency Counselor Supply Trends Note: Numbers are dropping in both Texas and Central Texas Data source: Professional Licensing and Certification Units licensed chemical dependency counselor licensing database Prepared by: Health Professions Resource Center

41 Licensed Chemical Dependency Counselor Median Age Trends Data source: Professional Licensing and Certification Units licensed chemical dependency counselor licensing database Prepared by: Health Professions Resource Center

42 Marriage and Family Therapist Supply Trends Note: Numbers have been dropping in both Texas and Central Texas, although the numbers have been rising in Central Texas since 2004. Data source: Professional Licensing and Certification Units marriage and family therapist licensing database Prepared by: Health Professions Resource Center Texas: Central Texas: 2005 Total 2,790 236 Gender and Race/Ethnicity not available

43 Marriage and Family Therapist Median Age Trends Data source: Professional Licensing and Certification Units marriage and family therapist licensing database Prepared by: Health Professions Resource Center Texas: Central Texas: 2005 Median Age 57 55 Gender and Race/Ethnicity not available

44 Psychiatric Nurse Demographics - 2006 Psychiatric Nurse data from the 2006 licensing database obtained from the Texas Board of Nurse Examiners; includes all active registered nurses with a work area of psychiatric/mental health/substance abuse practicing in Texas. Texas: Central Texas: Total 4,569 401 Male14.5 % 17.5 % Female85.5 % 82.5 % White75.1 % 81.8 % Black12.7 % 8.2 % Hispanic 6.9 % 5.5 % American Indian 0.4 % 0.2 % Asian/Oriental 3.9 % 3.7 % Other 0.9 % 0.5 %

45 Psychiatric Nurse – 2006 Median Ages Texas: Central Texas: Total 53 52 Male 51 52 Female 53 52 White 54 53 Black 52 44 Hispanic 51 53.5 American Indian 53 52* Asian/Oriental 51 47 Other 48 37** * Based on one record * Based on two records Data source: Board of Nurse Examiners RN licensing database

46 Psychiatric Nurse Supply Trends Note: Numbers decreasing in both Texas and Central Texas Data source: Board of Nurse Examiners RN licensing database Prepared by: Health Professions Resource Center

47 Psychiatric Nurse Median Age Trends Data source: Board of Nurse Examiners RN licensing database Prepared by: Health Professions Resource Center

48 Psychiatrist Demographics – 2005 Texas: Central Texas: Total 1,488 158 Male67.0 % 65.2 % Female 33.0 % 34.8 % White66.3 % 77.8 % Black 3.7 % 0.6 % Hispanic12.4 % 5.7 % American Indian/ Alaskan Native 0.3 % 0.6 % Asian/Pacific Islander 14.2 % 12.0 % Unknown 3.1 % 3.2 % Psychiatrist data from the 2005 licensing database obtained from the Texas Medical Board; includes all active non-federal psychiatrists and child psychiatrists practicing in Texas. Residents and fellows, teachers, administrators, researchers, federal, military, retired and "not-in-practice" psychiatrists are excluded from the supply totals. 179 counties had no psychiatrists in 2005

49 Psychiatrist - 2005 Median Ages Texas: Central Texas: Total 51.5 50 Male 54 54 Female 47 46 White 53 51 Black 46 40* Hispanic 51 50 American Indian/ Alaskan Native 45 49 Asian/Pacific Islander 49.5 39* *based on one record Data source: Texas Medical Boards physician licensing database

50 Psychiatrist Supply Trends Data source: Texas Medical Boards physician licensing database Prepared by: Health Professions Resource Center

51 Psychiatrist Median Age Trends Data source: Texas Medical Boards physician licensing database Prepared by: Health Professions Resource Center

52 Psychologist Supply Trends Psychologist data from the 2005 licensing database obtained from the Texas State Board of Examiners of Psychologists (TSBEP). In Texas, there are four categories of licensees recognized by TSBEP: Licensed Psychologist, Provisionally Licensed Psychologist, Licensed Specialist in School Psychology, and Licensed Psychological Associates. A psychologist may hold more than one of these licenses. The statistics in this presentation represent an unduplicated count of those four types of licensees. Prepared by: Health Professions Resource Center Texas: Central Texas: 2005 Total 5,567 771 Gender, Age, and Race/Ethnicity not available

53 Social Worker Supply Trends Data source: Professional Licensing and Certification Units social worker licensing database Prepared by: Health Professions Resource Center Texas: Central Texas: 2005 Total15,687 2,020 Gender and Race/Ethnicity not available

54 Social Worker Median Ages Data source: Professional Licensing and Certification Units social worker licensing database Prepared by: Health Professions Resource Center Texas: Central Texas: 2005 Median Age 47 46

55 Population Trends by Race/Ethnicity percent of total Texas Central Texas Source: Texas State Data Center, Migration Scenario 2, 2/23/05, http://txsdc.utsa.edu/http://txsdc.utsa.edu/ Prepared by: Health Professions Resource Center

56 PC Physician – Race/Ethnicity Trends percent of total TexasCentral Texas Data source: Texas Medical Boards physician licensing database

57 PC Physician –Supply Ratio Trends by Race/Ethnicity TexasCentral Texas Data source: Texas Medical Boards physician licensing database

58 Physician Assistant – Race/Ethnicity Trends percent of total Texas Central Texas Data source: Texas Medical Boards physician assistant licensing database

59 Physician Assistant – Supply Ratio Trends by Race/Ethnicity Texas Central Texas Data source: Texas Medical Boards physician assistant licensing database

60 Registered Nurse – Race/Ethnicity Trends percent of total Texas Central Texas Data source: Board of Nurse Examiners registered nurse licensing database

61 Registered Nurse – Supply Ratio Trends by Race/Ethnicity TexasCentral Texas Data source: Board of Nurse Examiners registered nurse licensing database

62 Race/Ethnicity Trends – Texas 2000 % 2005 % 2005 Pop % PC Physicians White 65.2 60.249.4 Black 4.5 5.711.4 Hispanic 12.6 13.535.4 Other 15.9 18.83.8 Physician Assistants White 78.5 74.849.4 Black 5.0 5.211.4 Hispanic 9.7 12.535.4 Other 4.2 5.93.8 Registered Nurses White 78.0 74.649.4 Black6.7 7.611.4 Hispanic 7.2 8.535.4 Other 8.0 9.33.8 Note:percentages may not equal 100 due to the number whose race was Unknown Population data from the Texas State Data Center, Migration Scenario 2, 2/23/05, http://txsdc.utsa.edu/

63 Race/Ethnicity Trends – Central Texas 2000 % 2005 % 2005 Pop % PC Physicians White 77.0 73.059.2 Black 3.1 2.97.6 Hispanic 8.5 9.228.9 Other 10.0 13.24.3 Physician Assistants White 88.1 84.659.2 Black 1.8 2.17.6 Hispanic 4.6 7.728.9 Other 2.8 4.64.3 Registered Nurses White 87.5 85.159.2 Black3.2 3.67.6 Hispanic 5.2 6.028.9 Other 4.1 5.24.3 Note:percentages may not equal 100 due to the number whose race was Unknown Population data from the Texas State Data Center, Migration Scenario 2, 2/23/05, http://txsdc.utsa.edu/

64 Summary – Supply Ratios Over time, the supply ratios have decreased or remained flat for all of the mental health professions Statewide and in Central Texas. Central Texas had higher supply ratios than Texas as a whole for the mental health professions. The supply ratios for the non-mental health professions have been increasing in Texas and Central Texas over the long term *except Dentists, where the ratios have remained relatively flat in both, and Pharmacists, which have shown a decrease in Central Texas. For at least the last decade, the Central Texas supply ratios have been higher than the Texas supply ratios for 5 of the 7 non-mental health professions. Note: This summary only applies to the professions included in this presentation (14 professions).

65 Summary – Race/Ethnicity Whites comprised the majority of all professions in Texas*, and Central Texas had a higher percentage of Whites in both those professions and the population than did Texas as a whole. Texas had a higher percentage of Blacks, Hispanics, and Asian/Orientals/Pacific Islanders than did Central Texas for all professions. Texas had a higher percentage of Native American/Alaskan Natives than did Central Texas for 5 professions; Central Texas had a higher percentage for 3 professions, and for 1 profession, the percentage was equal. *Note: These conclusions only apply to the professions included in this presentation for which race/ethnicity was available (9 professions).

66 Summary – Race/Ethnicity Trends The percentages - and supply ratios - of non-White physicians, physician assistants, and registered nurses are generally increasing both in Texas and Central Texas. However, Blacks and Hispanics are underrepresented, compared to their proportion of the general population. The proportion of Hispanic health providers is growing slowly compared to their rate of growth in the general population. The proportion of Others are generally higher than their proportion in the general population Note: These conclusions only apply to physicians, physician assistants, and registered nurses.

67 Summary – Gender & Median Ages For all professions, other than psychiatric nurses, Central Texas had a higher percentage of females in the workforce than did Texas as a whole.* For Texas, the median ages of males were higher than those of females for 6 of 10 professions, and were equal in 2 others.** Texas had higher median ages than Central Texas for 9 of 13 professions, and the median ages were the same for the other 4 professions.** *applies only to the professions included in this presentation for which gender was available (10 professions) **applies only to the professions included in this presentation for which age was available (13 professions).

68 Summary – Race/Ethnicity & Median Ages Note: This summary only applies to the professions included in this presentation for which race/ethnicity and age were available (9 professions). For 6 of 9 professions, Whites had the highest median ages. The categories of Asian/Pacific Islanders or Other had the lowest median ages in 7 of 9 professions. Marriage and Family Therapists had the highest median ages, and Physical and Occupational Therapists had the lowest median ages. Mental Health professions generally had higher median ages than other professions.

69 Based on the information presented here: The supply ratios are increasing for most professions other than mental health, suggesting that those professionals who leave the workforce are being replaced by new practitioners, and that new practitioners are entering the professions at a greater rate than the population growth. However, the workforce is aging, and more study will be required to understand how this will affect supply ratios in the future. Conclusions

70 In general, based on the information presented here: Central Texas providers are generally younger than the providers in the state as a whole. There is less racial/ethnic diversity - both in the general population and in the professions included in this presentation - in Central Texas than in Texas as a whole. There is more gender diversity in Central Texas than in Texas as a whole. Conclusions

71 In general, based on the information presented here: If the status quo is maintained, the proportions of minorities in the health professions should continue to increase (although perhaps at a slower rate in Central Texas), but it will likely take some time before Blacks and Hispanics are represented in proportions comparable to their proportion in the general population.


Download ppt "Health Professions Resource Center AHEC Diversity Regional Conferences Demographics and Diversity of Health Care."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google