What makes up a sentence? First, in order to identify the different types of sentences, you must know what is a clause. A clause is a collection of words including a subject and a predicate. There are 2 types: Independent – a complete thought; can stand by itself Dependent – an incomplete thought; can't stand by itself, and needs an independent clause in order to make sense
Types of Sentences All sentences use clauses in some way or form. There are four individual types: Simple Compound Complex Compound-Complex *In this presentation, you will learn the different types as well as how to use them in a sentence.
Simple Sentences We use these in speech all the time even without noticing. A simple sentence consists of a subject and a verb, and demonstrates a complete thought. In other words, it is an independent clause. Ex: The girl hit the softball in one swing. s ubject + verb = complete thought
Compound Sentences When dealing with these sentences, think of compound words like backpack. Back and pack both have complete meanings that are put together, much like compound sentences. A compound sentence consists of two complete thoughts, or independent clauses, joined by a coordinating conjunction. Ex: The day was very cloudy, yet no rain fell from the sky.
Coordinating Conjunctions These coordinating conjunctions, also known as coordinators, are words that join two independent clauses in a compound sentence. A good memorization technique is FANBOYS. For And Nor Because Or Yet So
Complex Sentences These sentences are called complex because they are a little more complicated than simple and compound. A complex sentence is one independent clause joined by one or more dependent clauses. Ex: After running a lap, Bill was feeling exhausted.
What joins complex? The words that always join the clauses of a complex sentence are either subordinators or relative pronouns. Subordinators are words such as: because, since, after, although, when Relative pronouns include: that, which, who, whom, whose Remember that a subordinator can start at the beginning OR after the comma of a complex sentence
Compound-Complex Sentences These sentences combine components of both compound and complex sentences together. A compound-complex sentence contains two complete thoughts (independent clauses) and one or more incomplete thoughts (dependent clauses). Ex: While their parents are at work, Ted and Freddy finish the homework, and they have a particularly hard time on math.
Bibliography Baack, E. (n.d.). Sentences: Simple, Compound, Complex. Retrieved March 23, 2011, from Eslbee website: http://www.eslbee.com/sentences.htm Benner, L. M. (2003-11). Retrieved March 23, 2011, from Towson University website: http://wwwnew.towson.edu/ows/sentences.htm