5Europe’s Resources Abundant coal Agricultural land Helped Europe to industrializeAgricultural land33% of continent is suitable for cropsCompared to 11% on other continentsPeat used as fuel in northern EuropeSimilar to coal
6Importance of WaterA large network of rivers has provided resources and transportation for much of EuropeRhine and Danube in mainlandThames in EnglandMost places in Europeare not far from a watersource
7Human Environmental Interaction In the Netherlands, people are creating their own landDiking a small area of water and then drainingLand reclaimed from the sea is called polder
13European History and Culture You will receive an area of Europe (Mediterranean, Western, Northern, Eastern)Fill in that section of your chartUse chapter 13 in your bookYou have 15 minutes
14European Group workIn a group of 3, read your section and divide up the following tasks:What section do you have?Summary of historySummary of cultureSummary of modern lifeEach should be at least ½ page in length
15Europe Region History Issues Industry Misc Mediterranean Ancient Rome and Greece, explorationEconomic downfall, infrastructureTourism, fishing, agricultureIslam, Catholicism, E. OrthodoxWesternRuled by kingdoms, near constant warfareEastern resurgence, economic support for Greece, etc.Agriculture, manufacturing, high-tech and service industriesReformation, finding an identityNorthernNordic conquerors, colonizationRecent diversity, taxationStarted revolution, tech jobs, aerospace, timber and agr.Protestant, adapting to climateEasternCultural crossroads, ancient empiresPowder keg, development from communismManufacturing, agriculture, oilBalkanization, struggle with democracy
21Economic challengesDue to political and economic transitions, many resources are unusedLarge distances and difficult terrain also contribute
22Landforms Ural Mountains separate Europe and Asia Lake Baikal is the world’s deepest lakeContains 20% of world’s freshwater
23The Shrinking Aral SeaRead the article and fill in the cause and effect graphic organizer on the back of the paper.
24The Shrinking Aral SeaRead the article and answer the following questions in your notebook. Use complete sentences:How was the Aral Sea formed?What is causing the Aral Sea’s water supply to dwindle?What are 2 environmental threats which have resulted from the sea drying up?How has the sea’s shrinkage affected the surrounding area?How have the people tried to save the sea?What additional steps could be taken to help the sea recover? (opinion)
25Early Russian History Civilizations began in western Russia Nordic invaders settled areasMongols controlled until 1500’sIvan the Great defeated them and began to build empire
26Russian advancementPeter the Great helped industrialize Russia in the late 1600’sStudied in EuropeEstablished a new capital near Europe (St Petersburg)Catherine the Great helped expand Russia’s boundaries
27Russian Revolution Began in 1917 as Bolshevik Revolution Vladimir Lenin led Communist Party and seized control of governmentExecuted Czar Nicholas and his familyJosef Stalin took power after Lenin’s death
28Communist Control USSR established in 1922 Fought in WWII with allies after 1941After war, engaged in long Cold War with U.S.
29After CommunismSoviet Union crumbled during 1980’s due in large part to arms race with U.S.Officially ended in 1991