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**Chapter 11 and supplemental Ms. Lockhart Chemistry**

Stoichiometry Chapter 11 and supplemental Ms. Lockhart Chemistry

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**Stoichiometry Importance**

By understanding the mole we can use the information to Predict mass or volume of a product. Predict how much reactant is needed for a reaction. Make substances of all kinds like Your sneakers Glue Your clothes Gum Candy Petrochemicals (oils, vaseline, gas)

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**Other uses % by mass (% composition) Empirical Formula**

Formula of a Hydrate Stoichiometric calculations Limiting Reagent % yield

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Stoichiometry You can interpret a lot from a balanced chemical reaction. Iron is added to oxygen gas (O2) to yield iron (III) oxide (ferric oxide). 4 Fe O2 2Fe2O3 Atoms Moles Mass Total mass

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Stoichiometry Nitrogen gas (N2) is added to hydrogen gas (H2) to make ammonia (NH3). N H2 NH3 Atoms Moles Mass Total mass

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**Practice Stoichiometry**

3.00 g Magnesium (Mg) is heated with excess oxygen gas (O2) to make magnesium oxide. 2 Mg O2 MgO

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**Steps to Stoichiometry**

Copy the word equation (write the chemical reaction in words). Write the word equation into a formula equation. Balance the chemical reaction. 2 Mg O2 MgO

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**Steps to Stoichiometry**

Write given information under the balanced chemical reaction 2 Mg O2 MgO 3.00 g

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**Steps to Stoichiometry**

Write what you are looking for. 2 Mg O2 MgO 3.00 g ? O2

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**Steps to Stoichiometry**

Convert given information into moles. 2 Mg O2 MgO 3.00 g ? O2 3.00 g Mg x 2 moles Mg = 3x2/24.31 = moles Mg 24.31 g Mg

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**Steps to Stoichiometry**

Use mole ratio to get moles to the correct representative particles. 2 Mg O2 MgO 3.00 g ? O2 0.247 moles 0.247 moles Mg x 1 mole O2 = 0.247x1/2 = moles O2 2 moles Mg

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**Steps to Stoichiometry**

Convert mole to grams, particles or whatever the answer ask for. Calculate and write the answer. 2 Mg O2 MgO 3.00 g ? O2 0.247 moles moles 0.124 moles O2 x 32 g O2 = 0.124x32/1 = 3.97 g O2 1 moles O2

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**Practice Stoichiometry**

Correct significant figures (sig figs) and rewrite the answer. 3.00 g Mg = 3 S.F. S.F. Answer: 3.97 g O2

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Let’s Take It Slow…

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Chap. 9: Stoichiometry Identify the mole ratio of any two species in a chemical reaction. Calculate theoretical yields from chemical equations.

Chap. 9: Stoichiometry Identify the mole ratio of any two species in a chemical reaction. Calculate theoretical yields from chemical equations.

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