3ECONOMYExtremely wealthy countryWealth came from the colonies Spain accumulated all over the world – primarily in the AmericasPhilip claimed 1/4 to 1/5 of the treasure brought to Spain by his shipsSevere inflation - a severe decline in the value of money
4Growing population requiring more food and supplies to meet this growth Prices roseGovernment borrowed heavily from German and Italian bankers
5POLITICAL Ruled as an absolute monarch Suspicious of others; would not allow anyone to help him governDeeply religiousCombined religion with governmentUnited Spain and Portugal into one nationAvoided the religious difficulties and strife so common in other European countries at that time
6RELATIONS WITH OTHER NATIONS Spanish Armada –an attempt by Spain to invade and conquer EnglandThe Armada was an abyssmal failureRebellion in the Netherlands – 1566 – at the time the Netherlands were a territory belonging to Spain
8ECONOMYExpansion of manufacturingHigh tariffs placed on goods from other countries to protect French goodsEncouraged colonization for raw materials and a market for manufactured goodsCaused many skilled workers to leave France when the Edict of Nantes (guaranteed religious freedom) was repealed.Spent LOTS of $$$$ to build the Palace at VersaillesBy 1714, France faces massive debt
10L’etat c’est moi!” (“I am the State.”) POLITICALL’etat c’est moi!” (“I am the State.”)Ruled as the model example of an absolute monarchThe nobility was totally under the control of LouisLouis controlled where the nobles lived, what they did, etc; nobles were required to live at Versailles
11RELATIONS WITH OTHERS1667 – invasion of the Spanish Netherlands in an attempt to expand France’s borders: War of Spanish SuccessionOther wars fought against GB, Austria, Portugal, the Dutch Republic, German and Italian States
14ECONOMY MEDIEVAL SERFDOM Serf – worker bound to the land; could not be sold away from the landAGRICULTURALNO INDUSTRY
15POLITICAL Czars ruled with absolute control Boyars – Russian landowning nobles – in constant conflict with the CzarUse of secret police to control the boyars and any other enemy of the Czar
16RELATIONS WITH OTHERS 2 MAJOR WARS – 1695 – WAR WITH THE OTTOMAN TURKS 1700 – WAR WITH SWEDENISOLATED FROM WESTERN EUROPEFEW TRAVELERS TO RUSSIA (very suspicious of non-Russians)PETER TRAVELED EXTENSIVELY INCOGNITODETERMINED TO MODERNIZE AND WESTERNIZE RUSSIA
19ECONOMYALWAYS A NEED FOR $$$$HAD TO PETITION PARLIAMENT FOR $$HOW DOES THIS COMPARE W/US PRESIDENT AND THE NEED FOR $$?HOW DOES US PRESIDENT GET $$?
20POLITICAL CONSTANT STRUGGLE BETWEEN THE KING AND PARLIAMENT RELIGIOUS CONFLICTSPURITANS WANT TO ABOLISH ALL CATHOLIC PRACTICES FROM THE ENGLISH CHURCHENGLISH CIVIL WAR –ROUNDHEADS V. CAVALIERSPURITANS V. SUPPORTERS OF KINGKING IS TRIED AND FOUND GUILTY OF TREASONBEHEADED IN 1649 –MONARCHY ABOLISHED
21FAIRLY PEACEFUL TIME INTERNATIONALLY CONFLICTS PURELY INTERNAL RELATIONS WITH OTHERSFAIRLY PEACEFUL TIME INTERNATIONALLYCONFLICTS PURELY INTERNALFRANCE WILL SIDE WITH THE KING AND HIS FAMILY AS THE WIFE OF CHARLES I IS A FRENCH PRINCESS.FRANCE GIVES SAFE HAVEN TO THE QUEEN AND HER CHILDREN.