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ABSOLUTE RULERS A COMPARISON CHAPTER 21. PHILIP II (SPAIN) 1556-1598.

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Presentation on theme: "ABSOLUTE RULERS A COMPARISON CHAPTER 21. PHILIP II (SPAIN) 1556-1598."— Presentation transcript:

1 ABSOLUTE RULERS A COMPARISON CHAPTER 21

2 PHILIP II (SPAIN)

3 ECONOMY Extremely wealthy country Wealth came from the colonies Spain accumulated all over the world – primarily in the Americas Philip claimed 1/4 to 1/5 of the treasure brought to Spain by his ships Severe inflation - a severe decline in the value of money

4 Growing population requiring more food and supplies to meet this growth Prices rose Government borrowed heavily from German and Italian bankers

5 POLITICAL Ruled as an absolute monarch Suspicious of others; would not allow anyone to help him govern Deeply religious Combined religion with government United Spain and Portugal into one nation Avoided the religious difficulties and strife so common in other European countries at that time

6 RELATIONS WITH OTHER NATIONS Spanish Armada –an attempt by Spain to invade and conquer England The Armada was an abyssmal failure Rebellion in the Netherlands – 1566 – at the time the Netherlands were a territory belonging to Spain

7 LOUIS XIV

8 ECONOMY Expansion of manufacturing High tariffs placed on goods from other countries to protect French goods Encouraged colonization for raw materials and a market for manufactured goods Caused many skilled workers to leave France when the Edict of Nantes (guaranteed religious freedom) was repealed. Spent LOTS of $$$$ to build the Palace at Versailles By 1714, France faces massive debt

9 ECONOMY Increased taxes Poor harvests

10 POLITICAL Letat cest moi! (I am the State.) Ruled as the model example of an absolute monarch The nobility was totally under the control of Louis Louis controlled where the nobles lived, what they did, etc; nobles were required to live at Versailles

11 RELATIONS WITH OTHERS 1667 – invasion of the Spanish Netherlands in an attempt to expand Frances borders : War of Spanish Succession Other wars fought against GB, Austria, Portugal, the Dutch Republic, German and Italian States

12 Peter the Great

13

14 ECONOMY MEDIEVAL SERFDOM Serf – worker bound to the land; could not be sold away from the land AGRICULTURAL NO INDUSTRY

15 POLITICAL Czars ruled with absolute control Boyars – Russian landowning nobles – in constant conflict with the Czar Use of secret police to control the boyars and any other enemy of the Czar

16 RELATIONS WITH OTHERS 2 MAJOR WARS – 1695 – WAR WITH THE OTTOMAN TURKS 1700 – WAR WITH SWEDEN ISOLATED FROM WESTERN EUROPE FEW TRAVELERS TO RUSSIA (very suspicious of non-Russians) PETER TRAVELED EXTENSIVELY INCOGNITO DETERMINED TO MODERNIZE AND WESTERNIZE RUSSIA

17 CHARLES I

18 CHARLES I BY VAN DYCK (1636)

19 ECONOMY ALWAYS A NEED FOR $$$$ HAD TO PETITION PARLIAMENT FOR $$ HOW DOES THIS COMPARE W/US PRESIDENT AND THE NEED FOR $$? HOW DOES US PRESIDENT GET $$?

20 POLITICAL CONSTANT STRUGGLE BETWEEN THE KING AND PARLIAMENT RELIGIOUS CONFLICTS PURITANS WANT TO ABOLISH ALL CATHOLIC PRACTICES FROM THE ENGLISH CHURCH ENGLISH CIVIL WAR – ROUNDHEADS V. CAVALIERS PURITANS V. SUPPORTERS OF KING KING IS TRIED AND FOUND GUILTY OF TREASON BEHEADED IN 1649 –MONARCHY ABOLISHED

21 RELATIONS WITH OTHERS FAIRLY PEACEFUL TIME INTERNATIONALLY CONFLICTS PURELY INTERNAL FRANCE WILL SIDE WITH THE KING AND HIS FAMILY AS THE WIFE OF CHARLES I IS A FRENCH PRINCESS. FRANCE GIVES SAFE HAVEN TO THE QUEEN AND HER CHILDREN.


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