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**Objective The student will be able to:**

solve equations using addition and subtraction.

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**Think of this equation as a balance scale.**

1) Solve r + 16 = -7 Think of this equation as a balance scale. r + 16 -7 = Whatever you do to one side has to be done to the other to keep it balanced!

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**1) Solve r + 16 = 27 To solve, you must get the variable by itself.**

What number is on the same side as r? 16 To get r by itself, we must undo the “add 16”. What is the opposite of addition? Subtract 16

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1) Solve r + 16 = 27 r = 11 = 27 Draw “the river” to separate the equation into 2 sides Subtract 16 from both sides Simplify vertically Check your answer by substituting your answer back into the problem

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**2) Solve x + 2 = 8 Get the variable by itself. What is your first step?**

Add 2 to both sides Subtract 2 from both sides Add 3 to both sides Subtract 3 from both sides Answer Now

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2) Solve x + 2 = 9 x = 7 7 + 2 = 9 Draw “the river” to separate the equation into 2 sides Subtract 2 from both sides Simplify vertically Check your answer by substituting your answer back into the problem On homework and tests, be sure to check your work!! There is no reason why you should miss a problem!

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3) Solve 8 = m+ 3 m = 3 m = 5 m = 24 m = 8/3 Answer Now

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3) Solve 8 = m - 3 11= m 8 = Draw “the river” to separate the equation into 2 sides Add 3 to both sides Simplify vertically Check your answer by substituting your answer back into the problem

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**When solving equations, we want to eliminate double signs.**

y + (-3) = 8 is rewritten as y – 3 = 8 p – (-5) = 6 p + 5 = 6 As a general rule, replace “+ (- )” with “–” and “– (- )” with “+”. This will make things less confusing in the future!

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**4) Solve y + (-3) = 7 y – 3 = 7 + 3 +3 y = 10 10 + (-3) = 7**

y = 10 10 + (-3) = 7 Draw “the river” to separate the equation into 2 sides Eliminate the double sign Add 3 to both sides Simplify vertically Check your answer by substituting your answer back into the problem

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**5) Solve. -x - (-2) = 1 -x + 2 = 1 - 2 - 2 -x = -1 x = 1 -(1) + 2 = 1**

Draw “the river” to separate the equation into 2 sides Eliminate the double sign Subtract 2 from both sides Simplify vertically We haven’t gotten x by itself. If we read this aloud, it is “the opposite of x equals -1”. What would x be equal? Check your answer -x + 2 = 1 -x = -1 x = 1 -(1) + 2 = 1

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Solve -y – (-3) = 7 y = 10 y = 4 y = -10 y = -4 Answer Now

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One Step Equations Solving Equations using Addition and Subtraction

One Step Equations Solving Equations using Addition and Subtraction

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