Presentation on theme: "Absolutism SSWH14 The student will analyze the Age of Revolutions and Rebellions. a. Examine absolutism through a comparison of the rules of Louis XIV,"— Presentation transcript:
1AbsolutismSSWH14 The student will analyze the Age of Revolutions and Rebellions.a. Examine absolutism through a comparison of the rules of Louis XIV, Tsar Peter the Great, and Tokugawa Ieyasu.
2AbsolutismA political system in which a ruler holds total power (p. 441)Tied to the divine right of kingsKings responsible to no one but GodAbsolute monarchs had tremendous powers such as to make laws, levy taxes, administer justice, control the state’s officials, and determine foreign policy
3Louis XIV – The Sun King Reigned 1643 – 1715 Long regarded as the best example of the practice of absolutism in the 17th centuryCame to the throne in 1643 at the age of 4Took over supreme power at the age of 23 with the death of chief minister Cardinal Mazarin
5Government & Religion under Louis XIV One of the keys to his power was his control of the central policy making of the governmentRoyal court established at Versailles had three purposesPersonal household of the kingChief offices of the state were located therePowerful subjects came to find favors & offices for themselves
6Govt. & Religion Under Louis XIV Continued…. Government ministers EXPECTED to obey his every wish.Complete authority over foreign policy, the Church, and taxesIn the provinces, the king had less power so he bribed important people to guarantee his policies were carried outGoal to make France the preeminent power in Europe & achieve military glory
8How did Louis XIV achieve his goal? He waged 4 wars between 1667 and 1713.
9Tsar Peter the Great of Russia One of most prominent members of the Romanov dynastyBecame czar (or tsar) in 1689Absolutist monarch who claimed divine right to ruleVisited the west and came back determined to westernize or Europeanize RussiaUnder Peter, Russia became a great military powerBy his death, Russia was an important European state
11Military & Government Changes Reorganize the armyForm the first Russian navyDivided Russia into provincesHoped to create a police stateHoped for civic duty from officials, but his fears prevented it
12Cultural ChangesBegan to introduce Western customs, practices, & manners into RussiaBeards were shaved and coats shortened to imitate the westInsisted Russian upper class women remove the veils that had traditionally covered their face and move out into society
13St. PetersburgObject of reforms = Make Russia into a great state and military powerTo do this he needed a port with access to EuropeA long and hard fought war with Sweden achieved this goalSt. Petersburg- a port city on the Baltic Sea became the capital and would remain such until 1918
15Tokugawa Ieyasu Moved Japan’s capital to Edo, the later became Tokyo He required the daimyo to spend every other year at the capital so he could keep an eye on them.Reducing the power of the daimyo helped restore a centralized government.He established the Tokugawa Shogunate.The rule of law overcame rule by the sword.