Presentation on theme: "Proportional vs. Non-proportional"— Presentation transcript:
1Proportional vs. Non-proportional Tuesday, March 28, 2017
2Proportional vs. Non-Proportional If two quantities are proportional, then they have a constant ratio.If the ratio is not constant, the two quantities are said to be non- proportional.We will make tables and look at the relationship between the variables to determine proportionality.
3Proportional Relationships Will always go through the origin on a graph. (0,0)Graph will always be a straight line.Always write the constant ratio in the form ofReduce or divide to find the constant ratio for each.
4Proportional or Non-proportional? In order to tell from a table if there is a proportional relationship or not, you can check to see if the ratio is the same.The ratio is also known as the scale factor.
5x y x y EX 1. and 2.) Tell if the following tables represent a proportional relationships.xy5108162014282142xy2385129201022Proportional? ______Proportional?RatioOrdered PairRatio _________Equation____________Ordered Pair _________
6In order to tell if a graph is proportional the line must go through the origin.EX 3. and 4.) Tell if the following graphs represent aproportional relationships.Proportional ? _________Proportional ? _________Line does notgo thru the originWhy?Why?Line goes thru the origin
7In order to tell if a set of ordered pairs is proportional, look at the ratio of y to x.EX 5.) Tell if the following set of ordered pairs representsa proportional relationship.Proportional? ______Equation ___________Ordered Pair _________Ratio _________
8EX 6. and 7.) Determine if the following equations show a proportional relationship.Put a zero in for x; if y is zero thenit is a proportional relationship becauseit goes through the origin.y = 3x – 1y = 10x
98. At HPMS, there are 26 students per teacher in advisory 8. At HPMS, there are 26 students per teacher in advisory. Is the total number of students proportional to the number of teachers?Teachers1Students26
109. The City Pool costs $8 per day to visit during the summer 9. The City Pool costs $8 per day to visit during the summer. There is also a $25 yearly registration fee. Is the total cost proportional to the total number of days visited?Day1Cost33
11Equations: We will also make equations to describe each situation. If the situation is proportional, you will use your constant ratio in your equation.Make sure you define your variables!!!
12Example 1 Identify Proportional Relationships Sal’s Pizzeria sells large pizzas for $11 but charges a $2 delivery fee per order.Write an equation to fit this situation:
13Example 1Sal’s Pizzeria sells large pizzas for $11 but charges a $2 delivery fee per order.
14Proportional or Non-proportional? Ashley and Megan are running around a track. They run equally fast, but Ashley started later. When Ashley has run 5 laps, Megan has run 15 laps. When Ashley has run 30 laps, how many has Megan run?Aunt Jo put 3 towels on the clothesline and Sue put 6. All of the towels are identical in terms of size, thickness, etc. It took 12 hours for Aunt Jo’s towels to dry. How long did it take Sue’s?
15Homework Complete the Class Activity with a work buddy Worksheet 4.3 “Proportional & Non-Proportional”