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P ROPORTIONAL VS. N ON - PROPORTIONAL Tuesday, March 04, 2014

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P ROPORTIONAL VS. N ON -P ROPORTIONAL If two quantities are proportional, then they have a constant ratio. If the ratio is not constant, the two quantities are said to be non- proportional. We will make tables and look at the relationship between the variables to determine proportionality.

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P ROPORTIONAL R ELATIONSHIPS Will always go through the origin on a graph. (0,0) Graph will always be a straight line. Always write the constant ratio in the form of Reduce or divide to find the constant ratio for each.

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P ROPORTIONAL OR N ON - PROPORTIONAL ? In order to tell from a table if there is a proportional relationship or not, you can check to see if the ratio is the same. The ratio is also known as the scale factor.

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EX 1. and 2.) Tell if the following tables represent a proportional relationships. xy 510 816 1020 1428 2142 xy 02 38 512 920 1022 Proportional? ______ Ratio _________ Equation____________ Ordered Pair _________ Proportional? Ratio Ordered Pair

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In order to tell if a graph is proportional the line must go through the origin. EX 3. and 4.) Tell if the following graphs represent a proportional relationships. Proportional ? _________ Why? Line goes thru the origin Why? Line does not go thru the origin

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In order to tell if a set of ordered pairs is proportional, look at the ratio of y to x. EX 5.) Tell if the following set of ordered pairs represents a proportional relationship. Proportional? ______ Ratio _________ Equation ___________ Ordered Pair _________

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EX 6. and 7.) Determine if the following equations show a proportional relationship. Put a zero in for x; if y is zero then it is a proportional relationship because it goes through the origin. y = 3x – 1 y = 10x

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8. At HPMS, there are 26 students per teacher in advisory. Is the total number of students proportional to the number of teachers? Teachers1 Students26

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9. The City Pool costs $8 per day to visit during the summer. There is also a $25 yearly registration fee. Is the total cost proportional to the total number of days visited? Day1 Cost33

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E QUATIONS : We will also make equations to describe each situation. If the situation is proportional, you will use your constant ratio in your equation. Make sure you define your variables!!!

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E XAMPLE 1 I DENTIFY P ROPORTIONAL R ELATIONSHIPS Sals Pizzeria sells large pizzas for $11 but charges a $2 delivery fee per order. Write an equation to fit this situation:

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E XAMPLE 1 Sals Pizzeria sells large pizzas for $11 but charges a $2 delivery fee per order.

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Ashley and Megan are running around a track. They run equally fast, but Ashley started later. When Ashley has run 5 laps, Megan has run 15 laps. When Ashley has run 30 laps, how many has Megan run? Aunt Jo put 3 towels on the clothesline and Sue put 6. All of the towels are identical in terms of size, thickness, etc. It took 12 hours for Aunt Jos towels to dry. How long did it take Sues? Proportional or Non-proportional?

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H OMEWORK Complete the Class Activity with a work buddy Worksheet 4.3 Proportional & Non-Proportional

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