Presentation on theme: "Birthplace of Hinduism and Buddhism"— Presentation transcript:
1Birthplace of Hinduism and Buddhism Ancient IndiaBirthplace of Hinduism and Buddhism
2Ancient India Geography Like ancient Egypt, India’s early civilization developed along a river which flooded and left fertile silt.Ancient Indian civilization began in the Indus River Valley.
3Ancient India- Geography The Indus River begins in the Himalayas Mountains- the tallest mountains in the world.It ends in the Arabian Sea.Civilization began here because the spring floods of the Indus River made farming possible.
4Ancient India- Geography The ancient Indus Valley civilization was called Harappan Civilization, named after the ancient city of Harappa.Another famous ancient city was Mohenjo-Daro, located about 400 miles south of Harappa.Both cities are famous for their:Brick buildingsSewer systemCity laid out in city blocks
5Ancient India Birthplace of Hinduism and Buddhism One important religion that began in India was Hinduism.Hinduism grew out of the beliefs of the Aryans who came to India from the north through the Khyber Pass.Ancient Indians were polytheistic.In Hinduism, every person has a place in society, and was part of a caste system.
6Ancient India Birthplace of Hinduism and Buddhism Buddhism developed from the teachings of Siddhartha Gautama, a prince who became a monk.He said that the way to end suffering in the world is to follow the:4 noble truths8 fold pathMiddle way
7Ancient India- Politics The Hindu religion helped the Indian people govern themselves.Everyone believed that following their dharma, or rules of their caste was important.This eliminated disorder.
8Ancient India- Politics Asoka was the first ruler of the Mauryan Empire.He brought nearly all of India under his control.He became a Buddhist, and made Buddhism the state religion.
9Ancient India- Economy Ancient Indian economy was based on agriculture, just as it was in Egypt.The ancient Indians also traded with others across the Mediterranean Sea, in Mesopotamia.
10Ancient India -Social Structure The Aryans first brought the religious ideas of the Vedas to the Harappans.The Vedas, and later Hinduism, laid out a social structure, called a caste system,Each person was born into a caste and was destined to stay there until his or her next life.