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Published byFerdinand Blaise Mills
Modified over 4 years ago
1 u Burn.Emergencies
OBJECTIVE 2 OBJECTIVE 2 u RELIEVE PAIN AND PREVENT ADDITIONAL CONTAMINATION TREAT FOR SHOCK
Factors Determining 3 Severity u DEGREE OF BURN u PERCENTAGE OF BODY BURNED u LOCATION u AGE
CAUSES: 4 CAUSES: 4 u THERMAL u ULTRAVIOLET u CHEMICAL u ELECTRICAL
1st DEGREE 1st DEGREE 5 u REDNESS u DRY SKIN u INTENSE PAIN –IRRITATED NERVE ENDINGS u CRITICAL 75% u COOL APPLICATION
2nd DEGREE 6 u BLISTERS u MOIST u SWOLLEN u WHITE / RED u CRITICAL- ADULT 30% / CHILD 20% u COOL WATER / THICK DRY DRESSING
3rd DEGREE 3rd DEGREE 7 u CHARRED / WHITE u DEEPER TISSUE –MUSCLE / BONE / NERVE / VESSELS u BLEEDING CONTROL u CRITICAL-ADULT 10%/CHILD 2-3% u THICK / DRY DRESSING
PERCENTAGE OF BODY
u CRITICAL AREAS
First Aid 9 u MAINTAIN OPEN AIRWAY u TREAT FOR SHOCK COOL APPLICATIONS ON 1st & 2nd DEGREE BURNS
u 3rd DEGREE BLEEDING CONTROL u THICK- DRY DRESSINGS u EASILY INFECTED u REMOVE RESTRICTIVE OBJECTS
Chemical Burns 10 u ALKALI –BRUSH OFF EXCESS CHEMICAL –IRRIGATE AT LEAST 20-30 MIN. u ACID –IRRIGATE AT LEAST 20-30 MIN u IRRIGATE MIDLINE (CENTER) OUT u DON'T USE NEUTRALIZERS
Electrical Burns 11 u ENTRANCE WOUND –GREATER DAMAGE BELOW SURFACE u EXIT WOUND u POSSIBLE NERVE DAMAGE –PARALYSIS –CARDIAC ARREST u RESCUE BREATHING / CPR u SHUT OFF POWER SUPPLY
Power Lines Power Lines 12 u CONTACT POWER CO. –DON'T TOUCH VICTIM –VICTIM IN VEHICLE
CHECK YOUR OUTLINE FOR THE ASSIGNMENT
You Are the Emergency Medical Responder
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First Aid Part 1.
▪ PROCEDURES ▪ SITUATIONS ▪ STRATEGIES ▪ ▪ FIRST AID ▪
Soft tissue injuries Chapter layers of the skin 1. Epidermis-outer layer that is a barrier to infection ”Superficial” 2. Dermis- middle layer that.
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Burns. Types of Burns Thermal (heat) burns Chemical burns Electrical burns © Scott Camazine/Photo Researchers, Inc.
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