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Unit 1. Introduction to Unit1 Founding the New Nation (c. 33,000 B.C.A.D. 1783) European explorers and new nation? 3 Gs!! Purpose of European settlement.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 1. Introduction to Unit1 Founding the New Nation (c. 33,000 B.C.A.D. 1783) European explorers and new nation? 3 Gs!! Purpose of European settlement."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit 1

2 Introduction to Unit1 Founding the New Nation (c. 33,000 B.C.A.D. 1783) European explorers and new nation? 3 Gs!! Purpose of European settlement Identity Division British and settlers in the beginning By 1760s and 1770s War and creation of America Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

3 Chapter 1: New World Beginnings 7 billions years ago to 500 years ago Pangaea Ice Ages (35, 000 years ago) & land bridges Incas, Mayas and Aztecs & maize Pueblo in SW (1200 B.C.), maize and irrigation Spread of the cultivation of corn three sister planting

4 Chapter 1: New World Beginnings The Iroquois and Hiawatha Native Americans vs. Europeans 1 st Europeans to come to America? How did the Christian crusades lead to European exploration and colonization? Marco Polo The Portuguese, technology and exploration Slavery and Sub-Saharan Africa (later west coast of Africa) Portuguese & plantation system (15 th century) Dias and da Gama Spain influenced by Portuguese Europeans and new land and the Renaissance (printing press) most successful failures in history- 1492

5 Chapter 1: New World Beginnings Colombian Exchange Positives and negatives of two worlds colliding: crops, diseases, animals, Native Americans culture (90%) Treaty of Tordesillas (1494) Conquistadores (chart) By 1600s? Encomienda Impact of the conquest of Mexico (Cortez vs. Montezuma) Purpose of presidios (forts) Spain and Texas Juan Rodriquez Cabrillo Father Junepero Serra Black Legend Spanish vs. English

6 Chapter 2: The Planting of English America ( ) * 100 years after Columbus? Early 1600s settlements King Henry VIII and Queen Elizabeth Catholic Spain vs. England Sea Dogs and Francis Drake Sir Henry Gilbert Sir Walter Raleigh The Virgin Queen How did England react to failure at Roanoke? Why?

7 Chapter 2: The Planting of English America ( ) Significance of Spanish Armada (1588) Reasons for English Exploration The Virginia Company of Londons intentions? Significance of its charter King James I Chesapeake Bay May 24, 1607? Early years Lord De La Warr 1614 (peace treaty after 1 st Anglo-Powhatan War)

8 Chapter 2: The Planting of English America ( ) 1622How did Virginia Company respond? By 1625 Second Anglo-Powhatan War 1644 Peace Treaty of 1646? Reservations? Native population by 1669 Three Ds New World for Native Americans

9 Chapter 2: The Planting of English America ( ) Virginia a.Father of tobacco b.Broad-acred plantation c.Indentured servants d.Head-right system e.1619 (reps, blacks, women) f.James I and charter Maryland a.1634 & Lord BaltimoreWhy? b.vs. Virginia c.Act of Toleration 1649 (results and who passed it) West Indies a.English began to colonize. Why? b.Sugar vs. tobacco c.Slaves (Diaspora and today? d.Barbados Slave Code of 1661 e.Barbados & Carolina Carolina a. What interrupted English colonization? b. Lord Proprietors and intentions c.Major crop and who were their slaves? d.Charles Town---community

10 Chapter 2: The Planting of English America ( ) North Carolina a.Settlers? b.South vs. North (Carolina) c.Tuscarora d.Yamasee Georgia a.Original purpose b.All Christians accepted except……. c.When d.Only colony to receive…… e.Oglethrope f.Jon Wesley Plantation Colonies a.Name them b.Acres c.Exported commercial agricultural products d.Cash crops e.Slavery (Georgia after 1750) f.Aristocratic atmosphere (except NC and GA g.Slow growth of schools & churches (why?) h.Dominate church i.Expansionary and soil butchery

11 Chapter 3: Settling the North Colonies Northern & Southern Colonies Martin Luther (beliefs and ignite) John Calvin (beliefs and influenced) Henry VIII & Roman Catholic rituals Puritans vs. Separatists James I vs. Separatist 1608 & Separatist Pilgrims & Virginia Company Captain Myles Standish Mayflower Compact Winter of Pilgrims and Massasoits

12 William Bradford Plymouths economy & and Massachusetts Bay Colony Puritans population Puritans & Pilgrims (leadership, stability, and growth) John Winthrop Bible Commonwealth Congregational Church Disenfranchised of Massachusetts John Cotton Chapter 3: Settling the North Colonies

13 Michael Wigglesworth Anne Hutchinson (heretic) vs. Puritans(antinomianism) 1638 (results) Roger Williams (1635) & Rhode Island (wanted independence) charted 1644 Hartford Connecticut in 1635 (farm land) Rev. Thomas Hooker & Connecticut Fundamental Orders (1 st written constitution in America)-Connecticut New Haven joined Connecticut Maine annexed to Mass New Hampshire annexed to Mass Puritans vs. Native Americans (Squanto, Pequot War, Metacom)

14 New England Confederation (defense & Puritans) Charles II (chartered Connecticut and Rhode Island) vs. Massachusetts (charter revoked 1684) Dominion of New England = smuggling (Navigation Acts) Sir Edmund Andros (in Boston) vs. William and Mary Massachusetts new charter Dutch East India Company Henry Hudson & New Netherland Patroonships & New Amsterdam Wall Street Dutch vs. Swedes (culture) Peter Stuyvesant Duke of York 1664 The Dutch left their mark…….. Penns Holy Experiment The Middle Colonies (New York, New Jersey, Delaware, and Pennsylvania)

15 Chapter 4: American Life in the 17 th Century Introduction Life in Chesapeake Bay (Virginia & Maryland)work, diseases, life span, family & population Tobacco Economy (demand vs. prices) Headright system (land & the rich) Indentured servants Bacons Rebellion (1676) vs. Berkeley Slavery in late 1600s (why?) and by 1750 Slaves from West Africa & Middle Passage North American slave import cities? chattels (reading and writing?)

16 Chapter 4: American Life in the 17 th Century Slavery in Deep South (tobacco plantations vs. rice and indigo plantations) Gullah (words & music) Skilled slaves Slave revolts (NYC 1712, Stono River 1739) FFVs, small farmers, landless whites, & slaves Cities, schools and churches in the South (why?) New Englands climate, water, life expectancies, families, and women? Women in the South? Bible Commonwealth (top priority) Puritans (towns and educationNE vs Virginia) Congregational Church jeremiads Half-way Covenantelect & half- wayers Salem Witch Trials (1692) New Englands economy, slavery, rivers, Native Americans, & fishing dusk til dawn & worth the candle America vs. Europe African to African American

17 LIGHTS, CAMERA, ACTION!!! Groups of 4 Select a chapter (pull a number) Purpose: Teach the class through acting Skit must be 3 to 5 minutes long Include terms, concepts, people, places….. that we learned about in class (at least 5 must be included)


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