2Georgia Vermont Iowa Wyoming Pennsylvania Kentucky Wisconsin UtahDelaware Tennessee California OklahomaNew Jersey Ohio Minnesota New MexicoConnecticut Louisiana Oregon ArizonaMassachusetts Indiana Kansas AlaskaMaryland Mississippi W. Virginia HawaiiSouth Carolina Illinois Nevada NebraskaNew Hampshire Alabama ColoradoVirginia Maine N. DakotaNew York Missouri S. DakotaNorth Carolina Arkansas MontanaRhode Island Michigan WashingtonFlorida Texas Idaho
3The United States is one of the most geographically diverse nations on Earth. Between its two coasts are rugged mountains, vast deserts and plains, the Grand Canyon and the heavily forested Pacific Northwest.
8US Geography Basics Third largest country in the world (by size). Half the size of Russia.One third the size of Africa.Half the size of South America.2 ½ times the size of Western Europe.
9More StatisticsCoastline: 19,924 km or 12,380 milesBordered by: Mexico in the South; Canada in the NorthLowest point: Death Valley (California)Highest point: Mt. McKinley (Alaska)World's third-largest country by population after China and IndiaPopulation (2011): 312,040,000 (China=1,339,724,852; India=1,210,193,422)
11Regions & Time Zones of the U. S. 4 major time zones plus Alaska and Hawaii Time Zones: Eastern, Central, Mountain, Pacific; Georgia in the Eastern Zone
12Eastern Time Zone: 5 hrs. behind Greenwich Mean Time (Georgia, Florida, most of the East coast) Central Time Zone: 1 hr. behind Eastern time zoneMountain Time Zone: 2 hrs. behind Eastern time zone (Colorado, Montana, Nevada, etc)Pacific Time Zone: 3 hrs. behind Eastern Time Zone (California, Oregon, Washington)Alaska and Hawaii have their own time zones.Alaska is 4 hrs. behind Eastern time zoneHawaii is 6 hrs. behind Eastern time zone
16Northeast Pennsylvania New Jersey Connecticut Rhode Island MassachusettsNew YorkVermontNew HampshireMaine
17TOPOGRAPHY OF THE NORTHEAST US New England consists of the Appalachian Mountains, the New England highlands, and the seaboard lowlands.The Appalachian Mountains roughly follow the border between New England and New York.There are the Berkshires in Massachusetts and the Green Mountains in Vermont.The Appalachians extend northwards into New Hampshire as the White Mountains, and then into Maine and Canada.Mount Washington in New Hampshire is the highest peak in the Northeast.
35Geography of HawaiiThe Hawaiian Islands are of volcanic origin and are edged with coral reefs.Hawaii is the largest and geologically the youngest island of the group, andOahu, is the most populous and economically important.The other principal islands are Kahoolawe, Kauai, Lanai, Maui, Molokai, and Niihau
36Some of the world's largest active and inactive volcanoes are found on the islands of Hawaii and MauiMauna Kea and Mauna Loa are volcanic mountains on the island of Hawaii; also Kilauea volcanoHaleakala volcano is on Maui in Haleakala National Park.
54State Symbols Flower: Yellow Hibiscus State Bird: Hawaiian Goose (Nene)State Tree: Kukui (Candlenut)Nickname: Aloha StateAbbreviation: HI
55Highest point: Mauna Kea The temperature is mild; average high temperature in mid to high 80s; lows mid 60s to mid 70sAverage rainfall: ½ inch to 3 inches depending on the month.Sugar cane, pineapple, and flowers are the chief products.Hawaii also grows coffee beans, bananas, and macadamia nuts.The tourist business is Hawaii's largest source of outside income.
56Texas State Abbreviation - TX State Capital - Austin Largest City - HoustonArea - 268,601 square miles [Texas is the second biggest state in the USA - only Alaska is bigger]Population - 20,851,820 (as of 2000) [Texas is the second most populous state in the USA, after California; New York is the third most populous] Major Industries - petroleum and natural gas, farming (cotton, livestock), steel, banking, insurance, tourism
57Main Rivers - Rio Grande, Red River, Brazos River Highest Point - Guadalupe Peak, 8,749 feet (2,667 m) above sea levelNumber of Counties - 254Bordering States - Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, OklahomaBordering Country - MexicoBordering Body of Water - Gulf of Mexico
59Origin of the Name Texas - The Caddo Indians of eastern Texas called their group of tribes the "Tejas," meaning "those who are friends".State Nickname - The Lone Star StateState Motto - FriendshipState Song - "Texas, Our Texas"
61The official state flag of Texas, called the Lone Star Flag, was adopted in 1845 when Texas became the 28th state of the United States.The colors represent bravery (red), purity (white), and loyalty (blue).The large white star was first used on Texas flags in the 1830's during the battles between Texas and Mexico.
64Canadian GeographyCanada is a huge country located in the northern portion of the North American continent3,849,675 sq. mi.=2nd largest country in the worldBorders Atlantic Ocean, Arctic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, & the United States
65Most of Canada’s population live along the southern border Capital of Canada: Ottawa, in the province of Ontario, right above the Great Lakes areaProvinces & territories:Alberta, British Columbia, Prince Edward Island, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario, Saskatchewan, Newfoundland, Northwest Territories, and Yukon Territory
66Land: fertile agricultural plains in south Freezing tundra in northMild climate in British ColumbiaVery cold –rest of countryNorth Pole – located in territory of Nunavut
67Mountains:Tallest mt.= Mt. LoganMt. Ranges: Rockies, Appalachians, Laurentians, MackenzieLakes = 2 Million Lakes; covers 7.6% of the land area; biggest lake = Lake HuronRivers: longest river Mackenzie River; other important rivers St. Lawrence River, Yukon River, and Columbia River
68THE CARIBBEANThe Caribbean, often referred to as the West Indies, includes more than 7,000 islands;of those, 13 are independent island countries,and some are dependencies or overseas territories of other nations.
70In geographical terms the Caribbean area includes the Caribbean Seaall of the islands located southeast of the Gulf of Mexico,east of Central America and Mexico,and to the north of South America.
71in 1492, Christopher Columbus, the Italian explorer began his exploration of the Caribbean, becoming the first European to venture into the area.After landing in the eastern Bahamas, Columbus named these islands the Indies, because he thought he had finally reached Asia and the East Indies.
72Numerous explorers followed in his path, then tens of thousands of settlers arrived from the Americas, China, European countries and India. Included in that mix were religious outcasts and a small army of pirates. Across the Caribbean, slaves from Africa were imported in great numbers to work the sugar and tobacco plantations. By then the indigenous populations of the islands were in severe decline as exposure to disease and brutal genocide wiped out much of their number.
73Over the years great military powers continually fought for control of the islands Finally, a blended mix of African and European cultures and languages transformed this large group of islands and its peoplesIt has become one of the premier tourist destinations on the planet.
76The climate of the region is tropical but rainfall varies with elevation, size and water currents Warm, moist tradewinds blow consistently from the east creating rainforest/semidesert divisions on mountainous islands.The region enjoys year-round sunshine, divided into 'dry' and 'wet' seasons, with the last six months of the year being wetter than the first half.
77The waters of the Caribbean Sea host large, migratory schools of fish, turtles, and coral reef formations.The Puerto Rico trench, located on the fringe of the Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea just to the north of the island of Puerto Rico, is the deepest point in all of the Atlantic Ocean.Hurricanes, which at times batter the region, usually strike northwards of Grenada, and to the west of Barbados.The region sits in the line of several major shipping routes with the man-made Panama Canalconnecting the western Caribbean Sea with the Pacific Ocean.