Presentation on theme: "Writing Algebraic Expressions Lesson 2-3. Word phrases can be written as algebraic expressions. Use the words to determine what operation you are using."— Presentation transcript:
Writing Algebraic Expressions Lesson 2-3
Word phrases can be written as algebraic expressions. Use the words to determine what operation you are using. Use a variable for the phrase a number.
Adding Phrases Plus More than Sum Increased by Added to Total
Subtracting Phrases Minus Difference of Subtracted from Decreased by Less than Less
Multiplying Phrases Times Product of Multiply Twice Of Dividing Phrases Divided by Quotient Into ratio
Example: 7 decreased by b Decreased by means subtract. 7 - b
Example: The product of 19 and k Product means multiply. We show multiplication by placing the factor right next to the variable. 19k
Less than, more than Some word phrases contain the words less than or more than. When you see those words, start with the second part of the phrase. Example: 23 less than m m - 23
Example: 32 less than 5 times c The 32 is less than the 5 times c, which means we subtract 32 from the 5 times c. So, start with 5 times c. 5c - 32
Tables When you are given a table of values, determine how to get from the first column to the second column. Describe that pattern with an algebraic expression.
Compare from left to right. How do we get from 3 to 12? Add 9 or multiply by 4. How do we get from 7 to 28? Multiply by 4. If we multiply 11 by 4, we get 44. The pattern is to multiply our number, n, by 4. The algebraic expression to describe this is: 4n
Describing Unknown Numbers When you don t know what a number is, let a variable stand for that number. Use an algebraic expression to describe what you re looking for.
Example Write an algebraic expression to describe Jerrys age. Use the following information: Jerry is 4 years younger than his brother Steve. First, we have to know how old Steve is. We do not have an age for Steve, so we will use a variable: Let s = Steves age. Now that we have determined Steves age (s), we can use it to determine Jerrys age. Jerry is 4 years younger than Steve. s - 4
If Steve is 22 years old, then how old is Jerry? s Jerry is 18 years old.