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BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press.

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Presentation on theme: "BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press."— Presentation transcript:

1 BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press

2 Unit One: Chapter 5 endorse illusion erode impact gruesome imply hypocrite novice idealisticobstacle

3 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 1 endorse Endorse means A. to buy. B. to support. C. to see. – verb If you endorse the new shopping mall, said the speaker, youre supporting a large increase in neighborhood traffic. Some athletes earn more money endorsing such products as cereal and footwear than they do playing their sport.

4 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Endorse means A. to buy. B. to support. C. to see. Supporting the new shopping mall means supporting increased traffic. Some athletes are paid to support particular products. They appear in ads for the products or allow companies to use their names. If you endorse the new shopping mall, said the speaker, youre supporting a large increase in neighborhood traffic. Some athletes earn more money endorsing such products as cereal and footwear than they do playing their sport. 1 endorse – verb

5 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 2 erode – verb Erode means A. to wear away. B. to build up. C. to escape. As water eroded the topsoil, the tree roots beneath it became more and more visible. The teams confidence in its coach was eroded by his increasingly wild accusations against its opponents. Land that has been eroded by weather

6 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Erode means A. to wear away. B. to build up. C. to escape. The roots would become visible if the water wore away the topsoil. If the coach is making wild accusations, he is likely to wear away his teams confidence. As water eroded the topsoil, the tree roots beneath it became more and more visible. The teams confidence in its coach was eroded by his increasingly wild accusations against its opponents. 2 erode – verb Land that has been eroded by weather

7 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 3 gruesome – adjective Gruesome means A. unfair. B. boring. C. frightening. The automobile accident was so gruesome that I had to look away from the horrible sight. The young campers sat around the fire and scared each other with gruesome horror stories.

8 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. The automobile accident was so gruesome that I had to look away from the horrible sight. The young campers sat around the fire and scared each other with gruesome horror stories. Gruesome means A. unfair. B. boring. C. frightening. A horrible sight would be frightening. Young campers would scare one another with frightening horror stories. 3 gruesome – adjective

9 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Dominic is such a hypocrite. He cheats his customers while complaining about how hard it is to be an honest, struggling salesman. I feel that the worst hypocrites are those who preach love and then attack anyone of a different culture or faith. 4 hypocrite Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Hypocrite means A. an insincere person. B. a religious person. C. a loud person. – noun

10 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Dominic is such a hypocrite. He cheats his customers while complaining about how hard it is to be an honest, struggling salesman. I feel that the worst hypocrites are those who preach love and then attack anyone of a different culture or faith. Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Hypocrite means A. an insincere person. B. a religious person. C. a loud person. A salesman who cheats his customers while talking about being honest is an insincere person. People who preach love and act hatefully are insincere people. 4 hypocrite – noun

11 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Idealistic means A. full of ideas. B. emphasizing principles. C. young. 5 idealistic – adjective Very idealistic people are drawn to professions like teaching or the ministry, in which they feel they can help make the world a better place. My sister is too idealistic ever to marry for wealth or fameshe would marry only for love.

12 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Idealistic means A. full of ideas. B. emphasizing principles. C. young. To choose a profession in order to make the world a better place is to emphasize ones principles. To choose to marry only for love (instead of wealth or fame) is to emphasize ones principles. Very idealistic people are drawn to professions like teaching or the ministry, in which they feel they can help make the world a better place. My sister is too idealistic ever to marry for wealth or fameshe would marry only for love. 5 idealistic – adjective

13 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Illusion means A. a fact. B. a new idea. C. a false impression. People lost in the desert sometimes experience the illusion that there is a lake right in front of them. The idea that the sun sets and rises is an illusion. It is really the Earth that is turning away from and then toward the sun. 6 illusion – noun

14 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Illusion means A. a fact. B. a new idea. C. a false impression. People lost in the desert sometimes experience the illusion that there is a lake right in front of them. The idea that the sun sets and rises is an illusion. It is really the Earth that is turning away from and then toward the sun. Thinking one sees a lake in the dessert would be a false impression. The turning of the Earth creates the false impression that the sun sets and rises. 6 illusion – noun

15 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Impact means A. a force. B. a possibility. C. a sight. When birds accidentally fly into windows, the impact of hitting the glass often kills them. That boxer punches with such power that the impact of his uppercut can knock out most opponents. 7 impact – noun

16 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Impact means A. a force. B. a possibility. C. a sight. When birds accidentally fly into windows, the impact of hitting the glass often kills them. That boxer punches with such power that the impact of his uppercut can knock out most opponents. The force of the bird hitting the window can kill the bird. The force of the boxers uppercut is great enough to knock out opponents. 7 impact – noun

17 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Imply means A. to hide. B. to overlook. C. to suggest. To Sherlock Holmes, the clues implied that the murderer was an elderly man who carried a cane. When my friend asked me, Do you feel all right? she implied that I did not look well. 8 imply – verb

18 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Imply means A. to hide. B. to overlook. C. to suggest. To Sherlock Holmes, the clues implied that the murderer was an elderly man who carried a cane. When my friend asked me, Do you feel all right? she implied that I did not look well. To a detective such as Sherlock Holmes, clues would suggest information about the murderer. By asking Do you feel all right? the friend suggests the person does not look well. 8 imply – verb

19 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Novice means A. a child. B. a beginner. C. a friend. 9 novice – noun Because my father has never played tennis, he will join the class for novices. Dont buy an expensive camera for a novice, said the saleswoman. Let your son first get some experience with a cheaper camera.

20 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Novice means A. a child. B. a beginner. C. a friend. If the father has never played tennis, he must be a beginner. If the son does not have experience using a camera, he must be a beginner. Because my father has never played tennis, he will join the class for novices. Dont buy an expensive camera for a novice, said the saleswoman. Let your son first get some experience with a cheaper camera. 9 novice – noun

21 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Obstacle means A. something hidden. B. something helpful. C. something that prevents movement. 10 obstacle Id better clean my apartment soon. There are too many obstacles on the floor between my bed and the refrigerator. The major obstacle to Hals getting a promotion is his laziness. – noun The hay wagon is an obstacle to traffic.

22 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Obstacle means A. something hidden. B. something helpful. C. something that prevents movement or gets in the way.. Id better clean my apartment soon. There are too many obstacles on the floor between my bed and the refrigerator. The major obstacle to Hals getting a promotion is his laziness. There are too many things that prevent easy movement between the bed and the refrigerator. Hals laziness would prevent him from moving up in the organization. 10 obstacle – noun The hay wagon is an obstacle to traffic.

23 Matching Words w/ Definitions 1.Imply6.Gruesome 2.Obstacle7.Novice 3.Hypocrite8.Impact 4.Illusion9.Erode 5.Endorse10.Idealistic

24 SENTENCE CHECK 1 2.Year after year, the waves continue to __________ the beach, wearing it away by constantly beating against it. 1.The horror movie became too __________ for me to watch when the monster started eating people. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. endorseB. erodeC. gruesomeD. hypocriteE. idealistic F. illusionG. impactH. implyI. noviceJ. obstacle

25 SENTENCE CHECK 1 2.Year after year, the waves continue to __________ the beach, wearing it away by constantly beating against it. 1.The horror movie became too __________ for me to watch when the monster started eating people. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. endorseB. erodeC. gruesomeD. hypocriteE. idealistic F. illusionG. impactH. implyI. noviceJ. obstacle gruesome erode A movie in which people are eaten would be horrible to watch. The constant beating of the waves would gradually wear the beach away. The words wearing…away are a clue.

26 4.I was such a(n) __________ at computers that I didnt even know how to send an e-mail. SENTENCE CHECK 1 5.Karen is the least __________ person I know. She is guided only by a desire to get ahead. 3.Poems often __________ an idea. That is, they hint at the idea rather than state it directly. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. endorseB. erodeC. gruesomeD. hypocriteE. idealistic F. illusionG. impactH. implyI. noviceJ. obstacle

27 4.I was such a ____________ at computers that I didnt even know how to send an e-mail. SENTENCE CHECK 1 5.Karen is the least __________ person I know. She is guided only by a desire to get ahead. 3.Poems often __________ an idea. That is, they hint at the idea rather than state it directly. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. endorseB. erodeC. gruesomeD. hypocriteE. idealistic F. illusionG. impactH. implyI. noviceJ. obstacle Poems often suggest an idea. The words hint at are a clue. A person who doesnt know how to send an e-mail must be a beginner at using computers. A person guided only by wanting to get ahead is a person who does not emphasize ideals and principles. imply novice idealistic

28 SENTENCE CHECK 1 6.Dont be such a(n) __________! If you dont like Anitra, then you shouldnt pretend that you do. 7.An actress hired to __________ meat products on TV was fired when the producer learned she was a vegetarian. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. endorseB. erodeC. gruesomeD. hypocriteE. idealistic F. illusionG. impactH. implyI. noviceJ. obstacle

29 SENTENCE CHECK 1 6.Dont be such a ____________! If you dont like Anitra, then you shouldnt pretend that you do. 7.An actress hired to __________ meat products on TV was fired when the producer learned she was a vegetarian. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. endorseB. erodeC. gruesomeD. hypocriteE. idealistic F. illusionG. impactH. implyI. noviceJ. obstacle A person who pretends to like someone he or she really does not like is an insincere person. The producer would not want to have a vegetarian in ads supporting meat products. hypocrite endorse

30 9.We can never drive straight into our driveway because there are always __________s theretricycles, garbage cans, or toys. 10.When the moon is low in the sky, it looks much larger than when it is overhead. This difference in size, however, is only a(n)__________. SENTENCE CHECK 1 8.Ballet dancers sometimes break their toes when they land with too great a(n) __________ after a leap. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. endorseB. erodeC. gruesomeD. hypocriteE. idealistic F. illusionG. impactH. implyI. noviceJ. obstacle

31 9.We can never drive straight into our driveway because there are always ___________ theretricycles, garbage cans, or toys. 10.When the moon is low in the sky, it looks much larger than when it is overhead. This difference in size, however, is only an ___________. SENTENCE CHECK 1 8.Ballet dancers sometimes break their toes when they land with too great an ___________ after a leap. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. endorseB. erodeC. gruesomeD. hypocriteE. idealistic F. illusionG. impactH. implyI. noviceJ. obstacle impact obstacles illusion If dancers toes break, they must strike the floor with great force. Tricycles and such would be barriers to driving into the driveway. It is only a false impression that the moon seems to get smaller when overhead.

32 Sentence Check 2 Answers 1.Imply6.Obstacle 2.Endorse7.Novice 3.Illusion8.Hypocrite 4.Impact9.Erode 5. Idealistic10. Gruesome

33 Final Check: Night Nurse 1.Hypocrite6.Imply 2.Endorse7.Novice 3.Illusion8.Erode 4.Obstacle9.Gruesome 5. idealistic10.Impact


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