Ft. Sumter 1 st official battle of the Civil War Fought over important ft. in SC No casualties
CSA/ Jefferson DAvis CSA refers to the Confederate States of America, the name the south gave their new country when they seceded from the USA. Jefferson Davis was elected president of the new Confederate States of America.
Anaconda Plan Union’s war strategy Winfield Scott Consists of blockade of South and control of Miss. Rvr. Compared to the snake that slowly strangles its prey to death.
Border States States that allowed slavery, but did not secede from the Union. Deleware, Kentucky, Missouri, and Maryland Lincoln could not afford to lose these states to the Confederacy.
Robert E. Lee Commander of the Army of Northern Virginia. Formerly one of the best senior officers in the US army. Offered command of the US army, but declined, feeling loyalty to his home state of Virginia.
1 st Bull Run/ Manassas 1 st bloodshed of the Civil War Occurred at Manassas Junction in VA, only 25 miles South of Washington DC With the help of “Stonewall” Jackson’s reinforcements, the Union suffered a defeat.
Ulysses S. Grant Union General His successes in the West led Lincoln to eventually name Grant commander of the Union army in 1864.
Antietam Gave Lincoln the victory he needed for Emancipation Proclamation. Bloodiest single day of the Civil War.
Emancipation Proclamation A decree freeing all enslaved persons in states still in rebellion after January 1, 1863
Vicksburg 1863 siege that gave the Union control of the Mississippi river.
Siege Cutting off an opponent’s food and supplies and constantly bombarding it until the enemy gives up.
Gettysburg Turning point of the war in the East. 3-day battle/ Gettysburg, PA Union victory…Lee loses more than 1/3 of his forces and will never be able to re- gain the strength he had before the battle. Bloodiest battle of the Civil War
Gettysburg Address Speech given by President Lincoln at the dedication of a battlefield cemetery. Becomes one of the best-known orations in American History. Part II (on your own). See page 129. Part III (on your own).
Sherman’s March (to the sea) Union troops march east across GA, led by General Sherman. Purpose: to make Southern civilians understand the horrors of war. Cuts a path of destruction through GA (at times 60 miles wide), butning corps, ransaking houses and killing livestock. Example of TOTAL WAR!!
Total War Type of war in which one side utilizes all its resources to completely destroy its opponent.
Clara Barton The most prominent Civil War nurse.
Appomattox Courthouse Village 3 miles east of Appomattox, VA Site of Lee’s surrender to Grant on April 9, 1865
Lincoln’s Assassination Just after 10pm on April 14, 1865 Lincoln is shot in the back of the head by John Wilkes Booth. He dies the next morning. This occurs at a play at Ford’s Theater.
13 th Amendment Constitutional amendment banning slavery in the United States. Part II (on your own). See page 135 Part III (on your own).