Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press."— Presentation transcript:

1 BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press

2 Unit One: Chapter 4 agenda prospects antidote radical apathy reinforce bland relevant propagandaruthless

3 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 1 agenda Agenda means A. a schedule. B. a desk. C. work. There are two items on the agenda for todays office meeting: the companys new product and the holiday party. Ralphs daily agenda includes driving his granddaughter to school, working at the soup kitchen, and walking his dog after dinner. – noun Besides eating and sleeping, whats on your agenda for today?

4 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Agenda means A. a schedule. B. a desk. C. work. Two items are on the schedule for discussion at todays meeting. Ralphs daily schedule includes the three activities listed. There are two items on the agenda for todays office meeting: the companys new product and the holiday party. Ralphs daily agenda includes driving his granddaughter to school, working at the soup kitchen, and walking his dog after dinner. Besides eating and sleeping, whats on your agenda for today? 1 agenda – noun

5 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 2 antidote – noun Antidote means A. a short story. B. a cause. C. a cure. Because there was no antidote for the snakes poison, the cat that was bitten died. For me, a good antidote to feeling low is to bake a batch of brownies.

6 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Antidote means A. a short story. B. a cause. C. a cure/remedy. The cat died because there was no cure for the poison. Baking a batch of brownies (and then eating them) could be a cure for feeling low. Because there was no antidote for the snakes poison, the cat that was bitten died. For me, a good antidote to feeling low is to bake a batch of brownies. 2 antidote – noun

7 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 3 apathy – noun Apathy means A. pity. B. understanding. C. lack of interest. Determined to shock her students out of their apathy, the history teacher showed up for class one day dressed as Joan of Arc. Voter apathy was high, causing a low turnout on election day.

8 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Determined to shock her students out of their apathy, the history teacher showed up for class one day dressed as Joan of Arc. Voter apathy was high, causing a low turnout on election day. Apathy means A. pity. B. understanding. C. lack of interest. The students might be shocked out of their lack of interest if the teacher showed up for class dressed as Joan of Arc. Low turnout on election day would indicate that the voters lacked interest. 3 apathy – noun

9 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT The addition of a bright red scarf changed Lindas grey outfit from bland to striking. Mexicans, accustomed to hot and spicy foods, often find American dishes bland by comparison. 4 bland Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Bland means A. old. B. dull. C. bitter. – adjective

10 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT The addition of a bright red scarf changed Lindas grey outfit from bland to striking. Mexicans, accustomed to hot and spicy foods, often find American dishes bland by comparison. Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Bland means A. old. B. dull. C. bitter. The gray outfit by itself would seem dull; the bright red scarf would make the outfit striking. The hot and spicy foods make the less spicy American dishes seem dull by comparison. 4 bland – adjective

11 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Propaganda means A. research. B. complaints. C. publicity. 5 propaganda – noun Until recently, the propaganda put out by cigarette companies said that nicotine didnt harm peoples health. The political candidates ran TV ads made up largely of propaganda directed against their opponents.

12 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Propaganda means A. research. B. complaints. C. publicity. In order to sell cigarettes, tobacco companies would put out publicity saying that nicotine didnt harm peoples health. Political candidates would put out publicity directed against their opponents. The words TV ads are a clue. Until recently, the propaganda put out by cigarette companies said that nicotine didnt harm peoples health. The political candidates ran TV ads made up largely of propaganda directed against their opponents. 5 propaganda – noun

13 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Prospects means A. reasons. B. chances. C. fears. The movies prospects for doing well at the box office were harmed by several bad reviews in the newspapers and on TV. What are my prospects of finding a hotel room in this town during Super Bowl weekend? 6 prospects – noun

14 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Prospects means A. reasons. B. chances. C. fears. The movies prospects for doing well at the box office were harmed by several bad reviews in the newspapers and on TV. What are my prospects of finding a hotel room in this town during Super Bowl weekend? Bad reviews would harm a movies chances for doing well at the box office. One would wonder about the chances of finding a hotel room in town on Super Bowl weekend. 6 prospects – noun

15 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Radical means A. extreme. B. average. C. young. I wont vote for the radical candidatehis beliefs are too extreme for me. Most students tried to change school policy through peaceful compromise, but a radical group wanted to take over the presidents office by force. 7 radical – adjective

16 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Radical means A. extreme. B. average. C. young. I wont vote for the radical candidatehis beliefs are too extreme for me. Most students tried to change school policy through peaceful compromise, but a radical group wanted to take over the presidents office by force. In the first item, the word extreme is a clue. In the second item, making over the presidents office by force is an extreme way to try to change school policy. 7 radical – adjective

17 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Reinforce means A. to ruin. B. to make stronger. C. to repeat. Jonathans wisecrack reinforced the teachers opinion that he was interested only in fooling around. Some socks are reinforced at the heels and toes with extra layers of material so they wont develop holes. 8 reinforce – verb The metal mesh reinforces the concrete that is poured over it.

18 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Reinforce means A. to ruin. B. to make stronger/to strenghthen. C. to repeat. Jonathans wisecrack reinforced the teachers opinion that he was interested only in fooling around. Some socks are reinforced at the heels and toes with extra layers of material so they wont develop holes. The wisecrack would strengthen the teachers opinion that the student was interested only in fooling around. Extra layers of material would make the heels and toes stronger. 8 reinforce – verb The metal mesh reinforces the concrete that is poured over it.

19 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Relevant means A. known. B. related. C. threatening. History is always relevant to our lives because it shows us what results can follow certain actions. The weather is not relevant to this conversation, Yvonnes mother said. Dont change the subject when I bring up your speeding tickets. 9 relevant – adjective

20 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Relevant means A. known. B. related. C. threatening. History is always relevant to our lives because it shows us what results can follow certain actions. The weather is not relevant to this conversation, Yvonnes mother said. Dont change the subject when I bring up your speeding tickets. By showing us what results can follow certain actions, history is related to our lives. The topic of the weather is not related to the topic of Yvonnes speeding tickets. 9 relevant – adjective

21 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Ruthless means A. sweet. B. confusing. C. without mercy. 10 ruthless My English teacher is a ruthless grader. He shows no mercy for weak reasoning or faulty grammar, so Ive had to work extra hard on my papers. Barry is so ruthless that he would step on coworkers to advance himself. – adjective

22 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Ruthless means A. sweet. B. confusing. C. without mercy. My English teacher is a ruthless grader. He shows no mercy for weak reasoning or faulty grammar, so Ive had to work extra hard on my papers. Barry is so ruthless that he would step on coworkers to advance himself. In the first item, the words shows no mercy are a clue. In the second item, someone who would step on his coworkers to advance himself is a person who is without mercy. 10 ruthless – adjective

23 Matching words w/ Definitions 1. prospects6.Bland 2.Apathy7.Relevant 3.Reinforce8.Radical 4.Agenda9.Antidote 5.Ruthless10.Propaganda

24 SENTENCE CHECK 1 2.Carloss personality is so __________ and unexciting that people tend not to notice him. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. agendaB. antidoteC. apathy D. blandE. propaganda F. prospectsG. radicalH. reinforce I. relevantJ. ruthless 1.There are __________ drivers who make no effort to avoid hitting animals on the road.

25 SENTENCE CHECK 1 1.There are __________ drivers who make no effort to avoid hitting animals on the road. 2.Carloss personality is so __________ and unexciting that people tend not to notice him. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. agendaB. antidoteC. apathy D. blandE. propaganda F. prospectsG. radicalH. reinforce I. relevantJ. ruthless ruthless bland Drivers who make no effort to avoid hitting animals are merciless. A person who is unexciting would seem dull.

26 4.Victoria will __________ the plant by tying its thin stem to a strong stick. SENTENCE CHECK 1 5.My sisters __________ of passing Accounting II arent good. She hasnt studied all term. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. agendaB. antidoteC. apathy D. blandE. propaganda F. prospectsG. radicalH. reinforce I. relevantJ. ruthless 3.Your statement isnt __________; it has nothing to do with our conversation.

27 4.Victoria will __________ the plant by tying its thin stem to a strong stick. 3.Your statement isnt __________; it has nothing to do with our conversation. SENTENCE CHECK 1 5.My sisters __________ of passing Accounting II arent good. She hasnt studied all term. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. agendaB. antidoteC. apathy D. blandE. propaganda F. prospectsG. radicalH. reinforce I. relevantJ. ruthless relevant reinforce prospects If the statement has nothing to do with the conversation, it is not related. Tying the thin stem to a strong stick would add support to it. If she hasnt studied all term, her chances of success in the course would not be good.

28 SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. agendaB. antidoteC. apathy D. blandE. propaganda F. prospectsG. radicalH. reinforce I. relevantJ. ruthless 7.Every morning Lin writes out her __________, jotting down what she needs to accomplish that day. 6.All medicine cabinets should contain a general __________ for accidental poisoning.

29 7.Every morning Lin writes out her __________, jotting down what she needs to accomplish that day. SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. agendaB. antidoteC. apathy D. blandE. propaganda F. prospectsG. radicalH. reinforce I. relevantJ. ruthless antidote agenda One would want to have something that reduces the effects of a poison on hand in case of accidental poisoning. If Lin writes down what she needs to accomplish each day, she is making a list of things to be done.

30 10.Advertisements are an important part of the __________ used by companies to persuade us to buy their products. 8.Because my science teacher wants to do away with grading in his courses, many of the other teachers consider his views too __________. SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. agendaB. antidoteC. apathy D. blandE. propaganda F. prospectsG. radicalH. reinforce I. relevantJ. ruthless 9.Sidewalk litter is a sign of __________, showing that people dont care about a clean environment.

31 10.Advertisements are an important part of the __________ used by companies to persuade us to buy their products. 8.Because my science teacher wants to do away with grading in his courses, many of the other teachers consider his views too __________. SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. agendaB. antidoteC. apathy D. blandE. propaganda F. prospectsG. radicalH. reinforce I. relevantJ. ruthless Litter shows a lack of concern. The words dont care about are a clue. Doing away with grading might be considered extreme. To persuade us to buy their products, companies present information that supports those products. propaganda radical apathy

32 Sentence Check 2 Answers 1.Antidote6.Relevant 2. Apathy7.Propaganda 3.Agenda8.Radical 4.Ruthless9.Prospects 5. Bland10. Reinforce

33 Final Check 1.Radical6.Reinforce 2.Agenda7.Apathy 3.Relevant8.Bland 4.Antidote9.Ruthless 5.Propaganda10.Prospects


Download ppt "BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google