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BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press.

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Presentation on theme: "BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press."— Presentation transcript:

1 BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press

2 Unit One: Chapter 1 acknowledge candid alternative compel anecdote comply appropriate concise avertdrastic

3 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 1 acknowledge Acknowledge means A. to deny. B. to admit. C. to remember. Stubborn people often find it difficult to acknowledge their errors. They hate to admit they were wrong. Even after most of the votes had been counted, Senator Rice refused to acknowledge that he had lost. – verb

4 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. In the first item, the words to admit tell you what the word acknowledge means. In the second item, Rice refused to admit that he had lost. Acknowledge means A. to deny. B. to admit. C. to remember. Stubborn people often find it difficult to acknowledge their errors. They hate to admit they were wrong. Even after most of the votes had been counted, Senator Rice refused to acknowledge that he had lost. 1 acknowledge – verb

5 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 2 alternative – noun Alternative means A. a choice. B. a command. C. an assignment. The teacher stated the alternatives to Timeither retake the test or get a D for the course. When her dog began to suffer from cancer, Wanda felt she had no alternative. He would have to be put to sleep.

6 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Tim has the choice of retaking the test or getting a D. Because Wandas dog is suffering from cancer, the feels she has no choice other than putting him to sleep. Alternative means A. a choice. B. a command. C. an assignment. The teacher stated the alternatives to Timeither retake the test or get a D for the course. When her dog began to suffer from cancer, Wanda felt she had no alternative. He would have to be put to sleep. 2 alternative – noun

7 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 3 anecdote – noun Anecdote means A. an error. B. a short, interesting story. C. an article. Dad told the children an anecdote about getting his tie caught in a file cabinet at work just as the boss walked in. I once heard an anecdote about a stagehands revenge on a bossy actor. The stagehand put wheels on a table used in the play, so when the actor leaped onto the table during the most dramatic scene, he rolled off the stage.

8 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Dad getting his tie caught and the stage hand getting revenge are examples of short, interesting stories. Anecdote means A. an error. B. a short, interesting story. C. an article. 3 anecdote – noun Dad told the children an anecdote about getting his tie caught in a file cabinet at work just as the boss walked in. I once heard an anecdote about a stagehands revenge on a bossy actor. The stagehand put wheels on a table used in the play, so when the actor leaped onto the table during the most dramatic scene, he rolled off the stage.

9 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT 4 appropriate Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Appropriate means A. illegal. B. fun. C. proper. – adjective Chuck has little sense of what is socially appropriate. For example, he wore jeans and running shoes to his sisters wedding. Although it is appropriate for a man to take off his hat in church, in a synagogue it is proper for a man to cover his head. I dont mean to be critical, Jones, but that isnt appropriate dress for a sales call.

10 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Appropriate means A. illegal. B. fun. C. proper. Someone who has little sense of what is socially proper would wear jeans and running shoes to his sisters wedding. In the second sentence, the word proper is a clue. I dont mean to be critical, Jones, but that isnt appropriate dress for a sales call. 4 appropriate – adjective Chuck has little sense of what is socially appropriate. For example, he wore jeans and running shoes to his sisters wedding. Although it is appropriate for a man to take off his hat in church, in a synagogue it is proper for a man to cover his head.

11 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Avert means A. to begin. B. to prevent. C. to report. 5 avert – verb Renata averted an unpleasant meeting with her ex-boyfriend by leaving the store before he saw her. To avert an accident, Larry turned the steering sharply to the rightand ran into a stop sign.

12 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Avert means A. to begin. B. to prevent. C. to report. By leaving the store, Renata prevented an unpleasant meeting. By turning the steering wheel (and hitting a stop sign), Larry prevented an accident. 5 avert – verb Renata averted an unpleasant meeting with her ex-boyfriend by leaving the store before he saw her. To avert an accident, Larry turned the steering sharply to the rightand ran into a stop sign.

13 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Candid means A. honest. B. friendly. C. careful. Ill give you my candid opinion, but you may not like what you hear. My heart always sinks when Robbie invites me to his house for dinner. Hes a wonderful person, but to be candid, hes a terrible cook. 6 candid – adjective

14 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Candid means A. honest. B. friendly. C. careful. Ill give you my candid opinion, but you may not like what you hear. My heart always sinks when Robbie invites me to his house for dinner. Hes a wonderful person, but to be candid, hes a terrible cook. A person may not like hearing someones honest opinion. Robbies friend is being honest in saying that Robbie is a terrible cook. 6 candid – adjective

15 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Compel means A. to help. B. to forbid. C. to force. My history teacher would often compel us to do useless work, such as memorizing the date each state entered the union. If the law did not compel people to pay taxes, no one would pay them. 7 compel – verb

16 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Compel means A. to help. B. to forbid. C. to force. My history teacher would often compel us to do useless work, such as memorizing the date each state entered the union. If the law did not compel people to pay taxes, no one would pay them. A student would not do useless work unless he or she were forced to. The law forces people to pay taxes. 7 compel – verb

17 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Comply means A. to argue. B. to do as asked. C. to hear. If someone with an iron pipe demands your wallet, it is safer to comply than to resist. My wife is so used to being the boss at work, Martin said, that she is annoyed when I dont comply with her every request at home. 8 comply – verb

18 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Comply means A. to argue. B. to do as asked. C. to hear. If someone with an iron pipe demands your wallet, it is safer to comply than to resist. My wife is so used to being the boss at work, Martin said, that she is annoyed when I dont comply with her every request at home. It is safer to do as asked than to risk being hit with an iron pipe. If Martins wife is the boss, she would expect people to do what she asks. 8 comply – verb

19 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Concise means A. wordy. B. correct. C. clear and brief. Because of limited space, most newspaper articles must be concise. Unlike many politicians, our mayor is concisehis speeches are short and to the point. 9 concise – adjective

20 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Concise means A. wordy. B. correct. C. clear and brief. Because of limited space, most newspaper articles must be concise. Unlike many politicians, our mayor is concisehis speeches are short and to the point. If space is limited, the articles need to be clear and brief. If the mayors speeches are short and to the point, he must speak clearly and briefly. 9 concise – adjective

21 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Drastic means A. unimportant. B. extreme. C. easy. 10 drastic The companys new president took drastic steps, closing two factories and laying off three hundred employees. The most common punishment in schools is detention. If that does not work, then schools resort to something more drastic. – adjective I agree you are good at getting people to work harder, but your methods are a bit drastic.

22 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Drastic means A. unimportant. B. extreme. C. easy. The companys new president took drastic steps, closing two factories and laying off three hundred employees. The most common punishment in schools is detention. If that does not work, then schools resort to something more drastic. Closing to factories and laying off three hundred employees are extreme steps. If detention is not enough, schools must resort to a more extreme punishment. I agree you are good at getting people to work harder, but your methods are a bit drastic. 10 drastic – adjective

23 SENTENCE CHECK 1 2.The drummer told interesting __________s about famous rock singers he had played with. 1.Because Frank seems so __________, everyone believes him even when he tells a lie. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. acknowledgeB. alternativeC. anecdoteD. appropriateE.avert F. candidG. compelH. complyI. conciseJ. drastic

24 SENTENCE CHECK 1 1.Because Frank seems so __________, everyone believes him even when he tells a lie. 2.The drummer told interesting ___________ about famous rock singers he had played with. anecdotes candid If he seems very honest, everyone would believe him even when he lies. A person who played drums for famous rock stars would have interesting stories to tell about the stars. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. acknowledgeB. alternativeC. anecdoteD. appropriateE.avert F. candidG. compelH. complyI. conciseJ. drastic

25 4.When he saw no way to __________ the plane crash, the pilot parachuted to safety. SENTENCE CHECK 1 5.In a traditional wedding, the person performing the ceremony is often wordy, while the bride and groom are very __________, saying just I do. 3.People often take __________ steps in anger and later regret their extreme actions. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. acknowledgeB. alternativeC. anecdoteD. appropriateE.avert F. candidG. compelH. complyI. conciseJ. drastic

26 4.When he saw no way to __________ the plane crash, the pilot parachuted to safety. 5.In a traditional wedding, the person performing the ceremony is often wordy, while the bride and groom are very __________, saying just I do. 3.People often take __________ steps in anger and later regret their extreme actions. SENTENCE CHECK 1 drastic avert concise The word extreme is a clue. If the pilot had to parachute to safety, he must have been unable to prevent the plane crash. In contrast with someone who is wordy, the bride and groom are very clear and brief, saying only two words each. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. acknowledgeB. alternativeC. anecdoteD. appropriateE.avert F. candidG. compelH. complyI. conciseJ. drastic

27 SENTENCE CHECK 1 6.Any player who does not __________ with the rules will be dropped from the team. 7.A couple of older boys tried to __________ some first- graders to hand over their lunch money. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. acknowledgeB. alternativeC. anecdoteD. appropriateE.avert F. candidG. compelH. complyI. conciseJ. drastic

28 6.Any player who does not __________ with the rules will be dropped from the team. 7.A couple of older boys tried to __________ some first- graders to hand over their lunch money. SENTENCE CHECK 1 comply compel A player who does not obey the rules (do as the rules ask) will be dropped from the team. First-graders would not willingly hand over their lunch money. The older boys would have to force them to do so. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. acknowledgeB. alternativeC. anecdoteD. appropriateE.avert F. candidG. compelH. complyI. conciseJ. drastic

29 9.When the real murderer confessed, the police had to ___________ that the wrong man had been jailed. 10.In most American schools, it is not __________ for students to call their teachers by their first names. SENTENCE CHECK 1 8.To earn money for college, Lonnie felt he had to either join the army or get a job. He didnt like either __________. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. acknowledgeB. alternativeC. anecdoteD. appropriateE.avert F. candidG. compelH. complyI. conciseJ. drastic

30 9.When the real murderer confessed, the police had to ___________ that the wrong man had been jailed. 10.In most American schools, it is not __________ for students to call their teachers by their first names. 8.To earn money for college, Lonnie felt he had to either join the army or get a job. He didnt like either __________. SENTENCE CHECK 1 alternative acknowledge appropriate Joining the army or getting a job are choices Lonnie does not like. If the real murderer confessed, the police would have to admit they put the wrong man in jail. It is not usually considered proper for students to call their teachers by their first names. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. acknowledgeB. alternativeC. anecdoteD. appropriateE.avert F. candidG. compelH. complyI. conciseJ. drastic

31 Sentence Check 2 Answers 1. acknowledge6.Compel 2.Candid7.Anecdote 3.Appropriate8.Avert 4.Comply9.Concise 5. alternative10.Drastic


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