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Civics: Government and Economics in Action

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1 Civics: Government and Economics in Action
Chapter 9: The Executive Branch Civics: Government and Economics in Action

2 Chapter Links Section 1 “The Roles of the President” Section 2
“The Organization of the Executive Branch” Section 3 “Presidents and Power” Civics: Government and Economics in Action

3 “The Roles of the President”
Section 1 “The Roles of the President” Section Outline: Creating the Office of President A Leader With Many Roles Roles Created by Tradition Main Idea: The President of the United States is a very powerful person who plays many roles in the government. However, the President’s power is deliberately limited by the Constitution. Key Terms: Executive Branch Foreign Policy Ambassadors Executive Agreements Domestic Policy Civics: Government and Economics in Action

4 Civics: Government and Economics in Action
Journal In 1 paragraph, explain whether you think the presidency is an easy or demanding position. Civics: Government and Economics in Action

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Chief Executive Civics: Government and Economics in Action

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Commander in Chief Civics: Government and Economics in Action

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Chief Diplomat Civics: Government and Economics in Action

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Legislative Leader Civics: Government and Economics in Action

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Party Leader Civics: Government and Economics in Action

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Chief of State Civics: Government and Economics in Action

11 Creating the Office of President
Executive Branch The branch of government responsible for executing or carrying out, the law. Term of Office Four years per term; two term maximum Limited Power Checks and balances Qualifications (written) 35 years of age; natural born citizen; 14 years of residency Civics: Government and Economics in Action

12 Qualifications (unwritten)
Education Many have been college educated All since Benjamin Harrison ( ) Men Women have run for president, but none successfully None have received more than 200,000 votes Civics: Government and Economics in Action

13 Presidents to NOT graduate college
Years in office Washington Jackson Van Buren Harrison (W.H.) 1841 Taylor Fillmore Lincoln Johnson Cleveland Truman Civics: Government and Economics in Action

14 Presidents with graduate degree or higher
Degree type Nixon Law Hayes Obama Taft Ford Clinton Wilson Ph.D. Civics: Government and Economics in Action

15 A Leader With Many Roles
Chief Executive Commander in Chief of Armed Forces Chief Diplomat Sets foreign policy and appoints ambassadors Makes executive agreements with other countries Legislative Leader Sets domestic policy; plans for dealing with national problems. Civics: Government and Economics in Action

16 Roles Created by Tradition
Party Leader Typically the Democratic or Republican party Head of State The President is expected to speak for the whole nation on values and the goals of the American people. Civics: Government and Economics in Action

17 Civics: Government and Economics in Action
Electoral College Each state has electors who vote on behalf of their state Equal to number of members in Congress i.e. GA has 2 Senators and 14 Representatives, so how many electoral votes does GA get? 16 Civics: Government and Economics in Action

18 Electoral votes per state
Civics: Government and Economics in Action

19 “The Organization of the Executive Branch”
Section 2 “The Organization of the Executive Branch” Section Outline: The Executive Office of the President The Executive Departments The Independent Agencies The Civil Service System Main Idea: The executive branch of the government includes the President, the White House staff, the Vice President, the executive departments, and the independent agencies. Key Terms: Bureaucracy Administration Cabinet Civics: Government and Economics in Action

20 The Executive Office of the President
Bureaucracy An organization of government departments, agencies, and offices. Administration A team of executive branch officials The White House Staff Presidents most trusted advisers and assistants The Vice President Presides over the Senate; becomes president if the president dies or falls ill. Civics: Government and Economics in Action

21 The Executive Departments
Department of State Department of the Treasury Department of Defense Department of the Interior Department of Agriculture Department of Justice Department of Commerce Department of Labor Department of Health Department of Education Department of Housing Department of Transportation Department of Energy Department of Veteran’s Affairs Department of Homeland Security Civics: Government and Economics in Action

22 Civics: Government and Economics in Action
Assignment Create an advertisement illustration for one of the Executive Departments. You should have a picture and brief description of the advertisement. Civics: Government and Economics in Action

23 The Independent Agencies
Executive Agencies Under direct control of the President Examples: NASA, EPA. Regulatory Commissions Formed by Congress, these twelve commissions make and carry out rules for business and economic activity Example: FCC Civics: Government and Economics in Action

24 The Civil Service System
In 1883, Congress set up a system by which most government employees (called “servants”) are hired on the basis of merit and not political connection Civil Service Exams created Persons with the highest scores on the exam were hired Civics: Government and Economics in Action

25 “Presidents and Power”
Section 3 “Presidents and Power” Section Outline: Freedom to Take Action Seeking a Balance Presidential Power Main Idea: The power of the President has expanded since George Washington’s time. The President’s power is still balanced by the other two branches of the government. Key Terms: Treaties Executive Privilege Civics: Government and Economics in Action

26 Civics: Government and Economics in Action
Impeachment Article II, Section 4 of the constitution states that the president (or any official) can be impeached for, “treason, bribery, or other high crimes and misdemeanors.” What does that mean?? Civics: Government and Economics in Action

27 Civics: Government and Economics in Action
Impeachment Process An impeachment begins in the House, where an investigation is conducted The House Judiciary Committee begins the inquiry The committee conducts hearings and draw up Articles of Impeachment With a simple majority, the House can impeach (much like an indictment) The Senate conducts a trial, and 2/3 vote can confirm removal Civics: Government and Economics in Action

28 Civics: Government and Economics in Action
Johnson Impeachment Date Event March 2, 1867 Johnson vetoes Tenure of Office Act Johnson orders removal of Edwin Stanton, Secretary of War February 21, 1868 February 24, 1868 House votes in favor of impeachment March 4, 1868 House delivers articles of impeachment to Senate C.J. Chase reports as presiding officer over Senate trial March 5, 1868 March 30, 1868 Senate trial begins May 16, 1868 1st votes are tallied in Senate, to confirm May 26, 1868 After 2 more votes, trial officially ends Civics: Government and Economics in Action

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Clinton Impeachment Background Stemmed from investigation into Clinton’s alleged abuses and conduct as president Clinton had a sexual harassment lawsuit served to him by Paula Jones from when he was governor of Arkansas Civics: Government and Economics in Action

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Clinton Impeachment During investigation into his conduct of the Paula Jones case, Monica Lewinsky was taped saying she had relations with the president Clinton denied claims at first, but later admitted his wrongdoings Civics: Government and Economics in Action

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Clinton Impeachment House of Representatives drafts Articles of Impeachment accusing president of perjury and obstruction of justice 12/19/1998 H.o.R. approved impeachment for perjury for obstruction Civics: Government and Economics in Action

32 Civics: Government and Economics in Action
Clinton Impeachment Senate acquitted Clinton Voted on 2/12/1998 45-55 for perjury 50-50 for obstruction Civics: Government and Economics in Action

33 Civics: Government and Economics in Action
Venn Diagram Create a venn diagram showing the differences and similarities between the 2 impeachments (at least 2 facts for each part) Johnson Clinton Civics: Government and Economics in Action

34 Civics: Government and Economics in Action
Impeachment Analysis On a sheet of paper to be turned in with your impeachment packet, explain in AT LEAST 1 paragraph which of the 2 presidents’ impeachments was more deserving. Use specific examples to support your argument Choose one or the other!!!! Civics: Government and Economics in Action

35 Civics: Government and Economics in Action
9.3 Reader Read p.98-99 Define treaties and executive privilege Create a chart showing the following President Question of Power End result Thomas Jefferson Harry Truman Richard Nixon Civics: Government and Economics in Action

36 Civics: Government and Economics in Action
Freedom to Take Action Treaties Formal agreements between nations Executive Privilege The right to keep some information secret from the Congress of the Courts. Civics: Government and Economics in Action

37 Civics: Government and Economics in Action
Presidential Power The Louisiana Purchase 1803 French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte offered President Thomas Jefferson of the United States the “Louisiana Territory” for the bargain price of $15 million. The Constitution did not say whether the President had the power to buy territory President Jefferson and his Secretary of State James Madison decided since the President had the power to make treaties, he could make a treaty purchasing the land. Civics: Government and Economics in Action

38 Presidential Power (cont.)
Harry Truman and the Steel Mills Truman unsuccessfully tried to seize control of American steel mills to prevent a wartime strike. Nixon and Watergate Nixon unsuccessfully applied executive privilege to the a special Senate committee and House Judiciary committee investigating an illegal burglary of the Democratic party offices at the Watergate Hotel Nixon, severely implicated, resigned 8/9/1974 Civics: Government and Economics in Action


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