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State of Georgia Date entered the union –January 2, 1788 –4 th state to ratify U.S. Constitution State motto –Wisdom, justice, and moderation Civics: Government.

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Presentation on theme: "State of Georgia Date entered the union –January 2, 1788 –4 th state to ratify U.S. Constitution State motto –Wisdom, justice, and moderation Civics: Government."— Presentation transcript:

1 State of Georgia Date entered the union –January 2, 1788 –4 th state to ratify U.S. Constitution State motto –Wisdom, justice, and moderation Civics: Government and Economics in Action 1

2 State Flag Georgia's newest flag was designed in May, 2003; it has three horizontal stripes, red, white, and red, with a blue square in the canton position (the upper left area of the flag). In the blue square is a circle of 13 white, five- pointed stars around the seal of the state of Georgia (pictured in yellow). The Georgia state seal pictures three pillars (symbolizing the three branches of government in the USA: the Legislative, the Executive and the Judicial) under an arch (symbolizing the Constitution), and banners reading "CONSTITUTION," "JUSTICE," "WISDOM," and "MODERATION." Under the pillars are the words (in white), "IN GOD WE TRUST."Georgia's newest flag

3 GA Statistics Nickname –The Peach State State Tree –Live Oak State Bird –Brown Thrasher State Flower –Cherokee Rose Civics: Government and Economics in Action 3

4 Journal Entry – How to improve In your notebook, answer the following questions: –How can we improve public education in the community? –Are there after-school programs that might benefit students? –What changes could be made to improve the quality of life for students at the school? Civics: Government and Economics in Action 4

5 5 Chapter 11: State Government

6 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 6 Chapter Links Section 1 Federalism: One Nation and Fifty States Section 2 State Legislatures Section 3 The State Executive Branch Section 4 State Courts

7 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 7 Section Outline: I.Public Policy II.Federalism III.Federalism in Action Main Idea: Under federalism, some powers are reserved for the states, some are shared by the states and federal government, and some are reserved for the federal government. Key Terms: Public Policy Unitary System Section 1 Federalism: One Nation and Fifty States

8 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 8 Public Policy Public Policy Issues –Government Response to public issues –How are public and private issues different? Public Policy Choices –Always have consequences

9 Public Policy Acrostic Poem Choose 1 public policy issue and create an acrostic poem describing its impact, problems, solutions, etc. Civics: Government and Economics in Action 9

10 Federalism The separation of state and national powers, while sharing some powers. Civics: Government and Economics in Action 10

11 11 Federalism Powers of the States –Tenth Amendment Gives states all powers not listed in the Constitution Shared Powers –Powers in which the federal and state governments have some control Unitary Government –A system which practically all political power lies with a central government. –Not in the U.S.

12 Take measures for public health and safety PUBLIC SERVICES Civics: Government and Economics in Action 12

13 Charter banks and corporations FINANCIAL Civics: Government and Economics in Action 13

14 Make and enforce laws POLITICAL/LEGAL Civics: Government and Economics in Action 14

15 Issue licenses, permits, and cerifications POLITICAL/LEGAL Civics: Government and Economics in Action 15

16 Collect taxes FINANCIAL Civics: Government and Economics in Action 16

17 Conduct elections POLITICAL/LEGAL Civics: Government and Economics in Action 17

18 Print money FINANCIAL Civics: Government and Economics in Action 18

19 Build roads and highways PUBLIC SERVICES Civics: Government and Economics in Action 19

20 Establish courts POLITICAL/LEGAL Civics: Government and Economics in Action 20

21 Borrow money FINANCIAL Civics: Government and Economics in Action 21

22 Ratify amendments to the constitution POLITICAL/LEGAL Civics: Government and Economics in Action 22

23 Establish post offices PUBLIC SERVICES Civics: Government and Economics in Action 23

24 Regulate intrastate (within state) business FINANCIAL Civics: Government and Economics in Action 24

25 Make treaties POLITICAL/LEGAL Civics: Government and Economics in Action 25

26 Declare war POLITICAL/LEGAL Civics: Government and Economics in Action 26

27 Provide public education PUBLIC SERVICES Civics: Government and Economics in Action 27

28 Regulate interstate and international trade FINANCIAL Civics: Government and Economics in Action 28

29 Issue bonds FINANCIAL Civics: Government and Economics in Action 29

30 Establish local governments POLITICAL/LEGAL Civics: Government and Economics in Action 30

31 Eminent domain (take private property for public purposes) PUBLIC SERVICES Civics: Government and Economics in Action 31

32 Exert powers under the 10 th amendment POLITICAL/LEGAL Civics: Government and Economics in Action 32

33 Spend money for general welfare FINANCIAL Civics: Government and Economics in Action 33

34 Provide an Army and Navy POLITICAL/LEGAL Civics: Government and Economics in Action 34

35 Venn diagram Use your chart to fill in the venn diagram on the back. Put 5 powers in each area (federal, state, and shared)

36 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 36

37 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 37 Federalism in Action Power to the States –Those in favor of states rights feel that state governments can better serve their people. Power to the National Government –Those in favor of a strong national government feel that a strong national government is more likely to provide equality across all the United States.

38 Pamphlet Create a pamphlet showing the following: –3 state powers –3 federal powers –3 shared powers –1 picture for each section (state, federal, shared) Civics: Government and Economics in Action 38

39 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 39 Main Idea: State legislatures are organized much like Congress. States have procedures for making laws and creating taxes to pay for state services. Key Terms: Apportioned Initiative Recall Revenue Sales Tax Excise Tax Income Tax Bonds Section 2 State Legislatures Section Outline: I.Who Are State Legislatures? II.Organization of State Legislatures III. Making Laws IV. Financing State Government

40 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 40 Who Are State Legislators? The First Legislators –Many were part time farmers, lawyers, or businessmen who met for a few weeks out of the year. Todays Legislators –Many are full time lawmakers –Many have studied political science, law, or public administration. –Many are career politicians

41 Georgia Legislature General Assembly (Congress) –Senate 56 members elected to 2 year terms Confirms governors appointments –House of Representatives 180 members elected to 2 year terms Appropriation (spending) bills must start here Civics: Government and Economics in Action 41

42 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 42 Organization of State Legislatures Sessions –Annual Sessions When a legislature convenes for lawmaking –Special Sessions When a legislature convenes outside of normal circumstances Representation –Seats are apportioned or divided among districts. –Based on population

43 Reader Assignment Define the following terms, and then put them into a sentence: –Initiative –Referendum –Recall –Revenue –Sales tax –Excise tax –Income tax –Bonds Civics: Government and Economics in Action 43

44 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 44 Making Laws Initiative –The process by which citizens can propose laws. Referendum –The process by which a law is referred to the voters to approve or reject. Recall –The process of removing elected officials from office. –The California Recall (2003)

45 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 45 Financing State Government Ways to generate revenue: –Taxes Sales Tax (a charge on goods and services) Excise Tax (a charge on certain goods) Income Tax (a charge on an individuals earnings) –Bonds Certificates people can buy from the government –Lotteries –Federal Funds

46 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 46 Section Outline: I.The Roles of Governor II.State Executive Agencies III.Other Executive Officials Main Idea: The governors powers and duties are similar to the Presidents domestic powers. Key Terms: Item Veto Lieutenant Governor Section 3 The State Executive Branch

47 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 47 The Roles of Governor Chief Executive –Enforcement of law, commander-in-chief of the state militia or National Guard –Budget making –Appointment of officials Legislative Leader –Power to veto or item veto Judicial Role –Appointment of judges; pardons

48 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 48 State Executive Agencies Each state has a multitude of agencies and departments responsible for making sure the state runs smoothly.

49 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 49 Other Executive Officials Lieutenant Governor –The state official second in rank to the governor –Similar to the Vice-President –Is separately elected

50 T-chart Civics: Government and Economics in Action 50 Federal Executive Branch Title of Chief Executive 2 powers How elected Who is 2 nd in command State Executive Branch Title of Chief Executive 2 powers How elected Who is 2 nd in command

51 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 51 Section Outline: I.What State Courts Do II.Judges in State Courts III.Case Study: Federalism and the Courts Main Idea: State courts handle cases of state law. The also act as a check on the other two branches of the state government. Key Terms: Missouri Plan Judicial Action Commissions Section 4 State Courts

52 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 52 What State Courts Do Check and Balance –State courts keep checks on the Executive and Legislative branches. –Review of all laws passed Civil Cases Criminal Cases

53 Georgia Courts Superior Court –Has general jurisdiction –Trials for civil and criminal cases Georgia Court of Appeals –Appellate jurisdiction Georgia Supreme Court –Final court of appeals Civics: Government and Economics in Action 53

54 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 54

55 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 55 Judges in State Courts Selection of Judges –Many state judges are elected Missouri Plan: a method of choosing judges whereby the voters determine whether or not selected judges will serve a 12-year term or not. Terms of Service –Judicial Action Commissions Official governmental bodies that handle situations in which judges might not be doing their job well.

56 Ch. 11 Jigsaw 1 – Organization of State Legislatures p – Making Laws p – Financing State Government p – Roles of the Governor p – Judges in state courts p – Case Study: Federalism and Courts p.313 Civics: Government and Economics in Action 56

57 Choose words Narrow your section down to 15 – 20 words These words should describe and summarize your section Try to choose important words to emphasize the main idea of your section Civics: Government and Economics in Action 57

58 Group presentations Now get with others in your group and finalize a list of no more than 15 words The group will present these 15 words to the class. You will use their presentation to briefly describe what you think that section discusses Civics: Government and Economics in Action 58

59 Listen!!! For each group, listen to their words, and write a sentence of what you think that sections main idea is. Civics: Government and Economics in Action 59


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