Presentation on theme: "Before the Interview During the Interview After the Interview"— Presentation transcript:
1Before the Interview During the Interview After the Interview INTERVIEWINGBefore the InterviewDuring the InterviewAfter the Interview
2Why Go Through an Interview? The job interview provides an opportunity for you to sell yourself verbally to the employer on why you are the best applicant for the job.
3BEFORE THE INTERVIEW Call to make an interview appointment Research the companyPractice, practice, practice!Know your do’s and don’tsPlan your outfit ahead of time
4Make an Appointment While on the phone, you should… Speak clearly Say it with a smileRepeat time and location of the interviewRemember, you make your first impression when you talk to employers on the telephone
5Research: Ask Questions Research — Be able to ask intelligent questionsLibrary booksNewspaper and magazine articles, brochuresTalk to employees and customersVisit the company Web siteCheck the Human Resource Department for press kit about company historyVisit the local Chamber of CommerceThe more information you know, the better you can showcase yourself
6Practice, Practice, Practice Interview with a friendPractice typical questions using a mirror and tape recorderCreate a 30-second “commercial” that highlights your unique talents and skillsQuestions you might be asked…What is your experience?What activities did you participate in school or in your community?What are your career goals?Why do you want this job?What are your major strengths and weaknesses?How well do you work in teams?Are you willing to work overtime?When can you begin to work?Tell me about yourself.
7To Do and Not To Do Do… Don’t… Act natural Be late Be prompt Carry out promisesAsk questionsAllow employer to express ideasRead company literatureFollow proceduresBe clear and preciseListen effectively to the interviewerDon’t…Be lateCome in extreme dressCome unpreparedOversell yourself or criticize yourselfBecome impatientTry to be funnyPut an emphasis on salaryControl the interview
8Dress For Success: Women Professional Dress for WomenWear a business suit in solid colors, such as blue, gray or black, or a nice dress and blazer or cardiganSkirt and dress hemlines should be no shorter than the bottom of the kneeWear quality fabrics and shoes that matchAvoid extra jewelryWear one to two rings per handOnly wear one set of earringsWear perfume and makeup sparinglyKeep hair pulled back from your faceNo gum, hair, cigarettes, or pockets full of coins
10Dress for Success: Men Professional Dress for Men Wear a business suit in a solid, conservative color, such as blue, gray or blackAvoid wearing a suit that you can tell is from an expensive designerWhite, collared shirtChoose a conservative tie — no cartoon characters!Your socks should be dress socks that match your suitShine your shoesKeep hair and fingernails neatly trimmedDon’t wear accessories except for a watch
12AT THE INTERVIEW Know how to make a good first impression Remember the questions in your practice interviewsBe prepared to answer tough questionsCome with questions to askKnow there are some questions the employer should not be asking youDon’t forget to thank the interviewer for his time!
13How to Screw Up an Interview Making jokes that make no senseSitting against the wall to fill out an applicationListening to music, eating, talking on the cell phone, or reading text messages during the interviewDisplaying your hobbies, especially if they are irrelevant to the jobSaying the only reason you’re looking for a job is to prove you’re searching for a job so you can get an unemployment check
14Some Things to Remember Dress appropriately for the jobBe neat and well-groomedGo to the interview aloneBe on timeUse good manners and appropriate gesturesPay attention to the interviewerAsk appropriate questions about the jobHave necessary personal reference information with youSmile and relaxAsk some opening questionsHave good postureSound enthusiasticMake eye contactAvoid distracting habits (rocking, etc.)
15First Impressions Count Proper handshakeProper introductionGood postureNeat appearance:Proper attire for your job marketBe groomedPersonal hygiene
16First Impressions: Body Language Good PostureSit up straight on the edge of the chair and avoid crossing legs and armsInviting GesturesFirm handshakeNod your head — indicates you are listeningEye ContactIndicates confidenceSpeak ClearlyStandard English, not slangNot only what you say, but how you say it
17Tough QuestionsWhen you’re faced with tough questions, remember to not be defensive, stay calm, and focus on your skills.What qualities do you have that offset your lack of experience?Are you going to move to a better job as soon as you gain experience here?If you are faced with a deadline you can’t meet, what will you do?
18Questions You Should Ask What services or products does the company provide?Who are the company’s customers?Who are the key personnel?Where are company headquarters, plants, etc?What are the specific duties of the job applied for?What is the name of the interviewer?How profitable is the company?Annual revenue?Number of employees?
19Questions to Avoid Salary, Vacations, Benefits and Sick Leave When asked about salaries, be prepared with research — know what other companies pay for similar positions and give a rangeDon’t answer questions about…Race, sexual orientation or marital statusUnemployment payments or what your spouse or family do for a livingArrests, religion, or national originThe employer is advised against asking these types of questions, but may ask them anyway.
20Situations: A New Trend Lately many employers ask interviewees situation-based questions to determine their decision-making skills and processes, as well as to see how they react under pressure.Examples:If someone (describe a typical conflict situation in the department), what would you do?As we still have some time left, can you tell me a story?Outline in very broad terms how you would create a strategy for a public interest campaign.“Genius is attention to detail.” Do you agree or disagree with this statement?
21Closing the InterviewWatch for cues the interview is about to be over, such as the employer standing up or saying who will be in contact with you.Thank the interviewer for the interviewDecide a convenient time you can call on the hiring status
22AFTER THE INTERVIEWEvaluate the interviewWrite a thank-you letter orAccept the job…or deal appropriately with rejection
23Evaluate the Interview Were there any issues you had during practice interviews that were corrected during your actual interview?Did you speak clearly?Did you forget important information, or forget to ask any pressing questions?What was your overall opinion of the job?Write out pros and consWill you accept or reject the job offer?
24Writing a Thank-You Note Things to includeThank the interviewer for his time and effortReinforce your skills and abilitiesInsert added information you may have forgottenRestate your interest in the companyMake sure you’re spelling the interviewer’s name and address ( or street) correctlyProof-read the letter for spelling and grammarRemember to call back at the appointed time
25If You’re Offered the Job… And you want to take it:Ask for a day to think about the job offerReview the pros and cons list you created before you accept the jobAsk for a formal offer letter for your filesSend and keep a copy of your acceptance letterAnd don’t want to take it:If you don’t want to take it because the salary is too low, try negotiating.If you don’t want to take it because the job isn’t what you expected, be tactful in your response.
26If You Don’t Get the Job… Consider it a learning experienceBe respectful and tactful when speaking with the employer.Ask why you were not hired. Feedback will help you in future interviews.Do I need more training?How can I improve in my interview?