Presentation on theme: "Writing in Social Studies Made Simple: Engaging Strategies for Student Success Florida Council for the Social Studies 2011 Conference Kathleen Kopp Teacher."— Presentation transcript:
Writing in Social Studies Made Simple: Engaging Strategies for Student Success Florida Council for the Social Studies 2011 Conference Kathleen Kopp Teacher on Special Assignment, Citrus County Schools Author and Presenter: Maupin House Publishing
Todays Objectives Review of CCSS ELA writing standards as they apply to social studies Fabulous vocabulary writing strategies to engage students thinking Quick and easy learning strategies that require students to think about and respond to learning through writing Fun, creative, motivating writing projects that allow students to demonstrate their understanding of content while simultaneously addressing the CCSS Writing Standards for Literacy in Social Studies
Comparisons Complete this thought: Writing in Social Studies is like _____________________ because_________________________________________. Word Bank: storming a castlejet skiingmunching an apple shoppingNASCARa day at the beach
Analogies Complete this thought: Writing is to Social Studies as ___________________ is to ________________________________________.
Writing Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies, gr. 6-8 StandardDescription Text Types and Purposes 1Write arguments focused on discipline-specific content. 2 Write informative/explanatory texts, including the narration of historical events. 3NA Production and Distribution of Writing 4 Produce clear and coherent writing in which the development, organization, and style are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience. 5 With some guidance and support from peers and adults, develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, focusing on how well purpose and audience have been addressed. 6 Use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing and present the relationships between information and ideas clearly and efficiently.
Writing Standards for Literacy in History/Social Studies, gr. 6-8 StandardDescription Research to Build and Extend Knowledge 7 Conduct short research projects to answer a question (including a self- generated question), drawing on several sources and generating additional related, focused questions that allow for multiple avenues of exploration. 8 Gather relevant information from multiple print and digital sources, using search terms effectively; assess the credibility and accuracy of each source; and quote or paraphrase the data and conclusions of others while avoiding plagiarism and following a standard format for citation. 9 Draw evidence from informational texts to support analysis reflection, and research. Range of Writing 10 Write routinely over extended time frames (time for reflection and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences.
Writing Strategies to Develop Social Studies Vocabulary Mine, Ours, Theirs Frayer model Graphic organizers from Student-generated cloze (story, paragraph, or sentence)
Mine, Ours, Theirs PROCLAMATION To prevent any more fighting with American Indians, Britain made a proclamation. The Proclamation of 1763 said that colonists could not settle west of the Appalachian Mountains. My DefinitionMy Neighbors DefinitionGlossary Definition How these definitions compare______________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________
Mine, Ours, Theirs OBFUSCATION The senators continuous, disorganized, and irrelevant prattle left his fellow elected leaders in a state of obfuscation. My DefinitionMy Neighbors DefinitionGlossary Definition How these definitions compare______________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________ Total confusion or opaqueness so as to be difficult to perceive or understand
Frayer Model DefinitionCharacteristics ExamplesNon-examples OBFUSCATION Total confusion or opaqueness so as to be difficult to perceive or understand Confusion Lost In a fog Ignorant TESOL Conference ?!?!?!?!?!?!?! Wise old owl My dad
Using Graphic Organizers to Build Vocabulary
Vocabulary Cards Graphic Organizer
Vocabulary Word Cluster Graphic Organizer
Vocabulary Sketch Graphic Organizer
Cognitive Dictionary Graphic Organizer
Student-generated Cloze Have students write sentences, paragraphs, or stories using all their vocabulary words. Collect the students work. Select the best sentences, paragraph, or story. Type them using a word processing program. Insert blank lines (_____________) for each vocabulary term. Provide copies of the cloze student activity sheet and terms. Have students complete this activity to assess their understanding of the vocabulary presented in the reading selection.
Try it! appointment concurrent powers delegated powers impeach obfuscation representative democracy reserved powers veto Choose one word. Write a sentence. Insert a blank line for your word.
Sample Cloze Jeff, the Jamestown historian, began his tour. The ____________ of Jamestown was established in The people who came here were some of the first ____________. The original colonists were mostly ____________ and ____________. They were searching for the freedom to live out what they believed to be the ____________ they shared with their God. The ____________ began to thrive when rules were changed. New rules allowed some colonists to grow ____________. One example is corn. Wheat is another. Other colonists could be ____________. Early shopkeepers were blacksmiths, coopers, and tailors. As you can see, life in Colonial America was very different from today. Then, the tour ended. colonistPuritanproprietor cash cropsettlementpilgrimcovenant
Writing in Social Studies Resources Try it a la carte! New Resource!
Writing Strategies to Develop Concepts and Skills PMI (Plusses, Minuses, and Interesting) Frayer model Graphic organizers from Comprehension skills: main idea/details, compare/contrast, sequencing, cause/effect, etc. Comprehension connections Sticky Notes (anchor charts) Give One, Get One (review strategy) Concept map acrostic (review strategy) Writing Projects
PMI YES _____ NO _____ Should we amend the Constitution to make flag desecration a crime? PLUSSESMINUSESINTERESTING
Frayer Model DefinitionCharacteristics ExamplesNon-examples Civic Responsibilities
Frayer Model Historical SignificanceSpanish ItalianBritish Early Explorers
Main Idea and Details Graphic Organizer
Tree Diagram (main idea/details) Graphic Organizer
Compare/contrast Graphic Organizer
8 Events Sequencing Chart
Chain of Events Graphic Organizer
Cause-effect Graphic Organizer
Note Taker Graphic Organizer
Open Mind Making Connections Graphic Organizer Thinking Stems: I wonder… This makes me think about… This reminds me of… This relates to… I imagine I predict… I remember when…
Guest Speaker Notebook Entry Notes Issue: Should Parson City develop land in a protected wetland? Personal Reflection/connection I think…
Review Strategy: Give One, Get One Fold paper twice vertically and horizontally (nine squares) Write three facts about a topic in any three squares. See six friends (maybe more). You give them one of your facts, and in exchange, you get one of theirs. No facts can repeat on the page. Use this as a concept or topic review.
What It Looks Like Topic: Latitude and Longitude Latitude lines are shown every 10 degrees. Longitude lines are shown every 15 degrees. Latitude lines run parallel to the equator.
Review Strategy: Concept Map Acrostic Use chart paper. Make enough charts so that no more than six students are in a group. Write one essential term or concept vertically on each paper. Give each group a marker. Each student, in turn, writes one sentence related to the concept using the letter of the concept as the first word of his sentence. Every student writes a sentence. Encourage collaboration. Students can use notes, text, or other resources to write their facts. Use this as a concept or topic review.
Project-based Learning in Social Studies An opportunity for students to show what they learned through authentic, novel, and creative writing projects
Writing Project Resources Lots of great authentic writing project ideas in the Learning through Writing Series (Maupin House Publishing, Inc.) Award-winning Series!
Why Learning Projects? Dynamic Authentic Interdisciplinary Emphasizes critical thinking, collaboration, problem solving, and communication: 21 st century skills Students explore real-world problems and challenges Active learning Engaging Motivate students to find out more about a given topic Give students a reason to learn and apply learned skills and information
What would you rather do? Your principal has assigned your team to read an article related to homework practices. She asks for some evidence of learning. This will be part of your overall year-end appraisal. Would you rather… 1. Write a summary of the article 2. Create a Power Point of key points from the article 3. Write a narrative which includes examples of best homework practices described in the text 4. Create a poster to explain best practices with regard to homework with meaningful examples of homework assignments 5. Interview other teachers regarding their homework practices and compare their ideas with those in the article 6. Keep a journal of your own homework assignments throughout the year and analyze how they are aligned with the ideas in the article 7. Other
Jazzed-up Reports States Write an acceptance speech as if you have just been elected Governor of your state. Tell what you plan to do to improve life in this state. Include ideas related to the economy, agriculture, and historic or ecological preservation. Historic People The People Channel wants to do a show about this famous person. Develop three or more scenes or segments for the show. Each scene should highlight an important event in this persons life. Government Write a script between a former politician and a present-day politician. Develop a possible dialogue between them as they discuss a past or current issue of interest.
Try This! TERMS colonist Puritan proprietors cash crop settlement pilgrim covenant Begin a graphic novel about the Colonial period. Include all seven vocabulary words in your narrative. Write a ghost story that takes place during Colonial times. Include all seven vocabulary words in your narrative. Write a Colonial town tour script as if you were a tour guide leading visitors through a living history museum. Use all seven words in your description of the town. ON MY OWN
Dont forget the assessment tool! CriteriaPoints PossiblePoints Earned Effective and appropriate use of seven terms 35 Format is appropriate for purpose 20 Accuracy of facts and information related to the Colonial period 20 Appropriate and effective text structure 10 Correctness of grammar, spelling, and punctuation 10 Attention to audience 5 TOTAL 100
Write Now! Writing allows students to internalize their learning. Writing about reading helps students build needed vocabulary. Writing about reading allows students to organize the content they are learning. Writing strategies can be done before, during, and after learning. Writing is a great formative assessment strategy. Writing can be used to assess student learning of any subject matter, but should include clear, measurable expectations. (And, students should know these expectations ahead of time.)